Who S In Charge

Author: Michael Gazzaniga
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1780337760
Size: 20.64 MB
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The prevailing orthodoxy in brain science is that since physical laws govern our physical brains, physical laws therefore govern our behaviour and even our conscious selves. Free will is meaningless, goes the mantra; we live in a 'determined' world. Not so, argues the renowned neuroscientist Michael S. Gazzaniga as he explains how the mind, 'constrains' the brain just as cars are constrained by the traffic they create. Writing with what Steven Pinker has called 'his trademark wit and lack of pretension,' Gazzaniga ranges across neuroscience, psychology and ethics to show how incorrect it is to blame our brains for our behaviour. Even given the latest insights into the physical mechanisms of the mind, he explains, we are responsible agents who should be held accountable for our actions, because responsibility is found in how people interact, not in brains. An extraordinary book, combining a light touch with profound implications, Who's in Charge? is a lasting contribution from one of the leading thinkers of our time.

Tales From Both Sides Of The Brain

Author: Michael S. Gazzaniga
Publisher: Ecco
ISBN: 9780062228857
Size: 16.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Michael S. Gazzaniga, one of the most important neuroscientists of the twentieth century, gives us an exciting behind-the-scenes look at his seminal work on that unlikely couple, the right and left brain. Foreword by Steven Pinker. In the mid-twentieth century, Michael S. Gazzaniga, “the father of cognitive neuroscience,” was part of a team of pioneering neuroscientists who developed the now foundational split-brain brain theory: the notion that the right and left hemispheres of the brain can act independently from one another and have different strengths. In Tales from Both Sides of the Brain, Gazzaniga tells the impassioned story of his life in science and his decades-long journey to understand how the separate spheres of our brains communicate and miscommunicate with their separate agendas. By turns humorous and moving, Tales from Both Sides of the Brain interweaves Gazzaniga’s scientific achievements with his reflections on the challenges and thrills of working as a scientist. In his engaging and accessible style, he paints a vivid portrait not only of his discovery of split-brain theory, but also of his comrades in arms—the many patients, friends, and family who have accompanied him on this wild ride of intellectual discovery.

Is Science Compatible With Free Will

Author: Antoine Suarez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461452120
Size: 66.88 MB
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Anyone who claims the right ‘to choose how to live their life’ excludes any purely deterministic description of their brain in terms of genes, chemicals or environmental influences. For example, when an author of a text expresses his thoughts, he assumes that, in typing the text, he governs the firing of the neurons in his brain and the movement of his fingers through the exercise of his own free will: what he writes is not completely pre-determined at the beginning of the universe. Yet in the field of neuroscience today, determinism dominates. There is a conflict between the daily life conviction that a human being has free will, and deterministic neuroscience. When faced with this conflict two alternative positions are possible: Either human freedom is an illusion, or deterministic neuroscience is not the last word on the brain and will eventually be superseded by a neuroscience that admits processes not completely determined by the past. This book investigates whether it is possible to have a science in which there is room for human freedom. The book generally concludes that the world and the brain are governed to some extent by non-material agencies, and limited consciousness does not abolish free will and responsibility. The authors present perspectives coming from different disciplines (Neuroscience, Quantumphysics and Philosophy) and range from those focusing on the scientific background, to those highlighting rather more a philosophical analysis. However, all chapters share a common characteristic: they take current scientific observations and data as a basis from which to draw philosophical implications. It is these features that make this volume unique, an exceptional interdisciplinary approach combining scientific strength and philosophical profundity. We are convinced that it will strongly stimulate the debate and contribute to new insights in the mind-brain relationship. ​

Consciousness And Freedom

Author: Donald A. Crosby
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498538916
Size: 79.63 MB
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Questions relating to human freedom cannot be separated from questions relating to human consciousness. The two are intricately entwined, and neither can be understood apart from the other. There is a widespread assumption today that we can understand the nature of human freedom even though there is an equally widespread acknowledgment that we have a lot yet to learn about the nature of human consciousness and its relations to the human body. This separation of the two issues is false. Attempts to prove it have failed and will continue to fail so long as the concept of freedom in its intimate connections with the nature of consciousness is not properly understood. The kind of genuine freedom of thought and action defended in this book lies at the heart of responsible outlooks on our individual and social lives, our hopes for the future, the whole of our history as human beings, and our relations to the natural world.

Free

Author: Alfred R. Mele
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199371644
Size: 64.53 MB
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Does free will exist? The question has fueled heated debates spanning from philosophy to psychology and religion. The answer has major implications, and the stakes are high. To put it in the simple terms that have come to dominate these debates, if we are free to make our own decisions, we are accountable for what we do, and if we aren't free, we're off the hook. There are neuroscientists who claim that our decisions are made unconsciously and are therefore outside of our control and social psychologists who argue that myriad imperceptible factors influence even our minor decisions to the extent that there is no room for free will. According to philosopher Alfred R. Mele, what they point to as hard and fast evidence that free will cannot exist actually leaves much room for doubt. If we look more closely at the major experiments that free will deniers cite, we can see large gaps where the light of possibility shines through. In Free: Why Science Hasn't Disproved Free Will, Mele lays out his opponents' experiments simply and clearly, and proceeds to debunk their supposed findings, one by one, explaining how the experiments don't provide the solid evidence for which they have been touted. There is powerful evidence that conscious decisions play an important role in our lives, and knowledge about situational influences can allow people to respond to those influences rationally rather than with blind obedience. Mele also explores the meaning and ramifications of free will. What, exactly, does it mean to have free will -- is it a state of our soul, or an undefinable openness to alternative decisions? Is it something natural and practical that is closely tied to moral responsibility? Since evidence suggests that denying the existence of free will actually encourages bad behavior, we have a duty to give it a fair chance.

The Case Against Free Will

Author: David Lieberman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113734525X
Size: 56.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Do judges' decisions depend on how long it is since they ate their lunch? Is the best place for a woman to seduce a man on a rickety bridge? Does free will really exist? This book explores how our genes and experiences determine our behaviour as well as discussing the implications determinism may have on personal responsibility and morality.

The Internet

Author: Felix von Keudell
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3848245817
Size: 37.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"The Internet – The Book Of Revelations Vol. 5" quotes information provided on websites.

Author: Paul Beatty
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600361088
Size: 11.88 MB
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**Βραβείο Man Booker 2016** Μια δηκτική, βαθιά πολιτική σάτιρα για την ταυτότητα της σύγχρονης Αμερικής, ένα μυθιστόρημα που περιγράφει την εκκεντρική ανατροφή ενός Αφροαμερικανού και μια δίκη άνευ προηγουμένου στην ιστορία των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών. Ο αφηγητής, γεννημένος στο «αγροτικό γκέτο» του Ντίκενς στο Λος Άντζελες, αποδέχεται μοιρολατρικά το περιθώριο. Τον μεγαλώνει ο πατέρας του, ένας ιδιόρρυθμος επιστήμονας, ο οποίος τον χρησιμοποιεί ως πειραματόζωο στις αιρετικές ψυχολογικές μελέτες του για τον ρατσισμό. Ο γιος πιστεύει ότι η πρωτοποριακή εργασία του πατέρα –και ένα βιβλίο που θα προκαλέσει αίσθηση, όταν κυκλοφορήσει– θα επιλύσει τα οικονομικά τους προβλήματα. Όταν όμως αστυνομικοί σκοτώνουν τον πατέρα του, ο πρωταγωνιστής συνειδητοποιεί ότι το μόνο που έχει στα χέρια του είναι ο λογαριασμός μιας κηδείας. Παρακινημένος από την ματαίωση και την παρακμή του τόπου του, αναλαμβάνει μια εξωφρενική πρωτοβουλία: την επαναφορά της δουλείας και του φυλετικού διαχωρισμού, πράγμα που θα τον οδηγήσει ως κατηγορούμενο στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο της χώρας. Ο Πουλημένος του Πωλ Μπέιτι σηματοδοτεί το δημιουργικό αποκορύφωμα ενός ιδιοφυούς συγγραφέα. Το βιβλίο τιμήθηκε με το Βραβείο Booker 2016. Το 2015 απέσπασε το Εθνικό Βραβείο του Κύκλου των Κριτικών στις ΗΠΑ. «Ο Πουλημένος είναι ένα μυθιστόρημα για την εποχή μας. Μια σύγχρονη σάτιρα, ακούραστη και ευφάνταστη, το χιούμορ της οποίας μεταμφιέζει τη ριζοσπαστική σοβαρότητα του συγγραφέα της. Ο Πωλ Μπέιτι εξουδετερώνει με τρόπο αχαλίνωτο τις “ιερές αγελάδες” και βάζει στο στόχαστρό του τα φυλετικά και πολιτικά ταμπού με οξύνοια, ζωντάνια και αμεσότητα». ΑΜΑΝΤΑ ΦΟΡΜΑΝ, πρόεδρος της κριτικής επιτροπής του Βραβείου Booker 2016 «Οι εκατό πρώτες σελίδες του Πουλημένου είναι οι πιο καυστικές και ζόρικες σε αμερικανικό μυθιστόρημα τα τελευταία δέκα χρόνια τουλάχιστον... Τα αστεία σε χτυπάνε κατευθείαν στο στομάχι... Οι αυτοσχεδιασμοί είναι ασταμάτητοι σε αυτό το σατιρικό, βαθυστόχαστο μυθιστόρημα που συνιστά σταθμό». The New York Times «Μια απίστευτη σάτιρα για τη φυλετική ταυτότητα στην Αμερική... Ο Πουλημένος συνδυάζει τη ζωηρή κωμωδία και τη δριμεία κοινωνική κριτική, αλλά το πλέον εντυπωσιακό προτέρημα του βιβλίου είναι η ολοζώντανη ανθρωπιά των χαρακτήρων του». The New Yorker «Ένα αστείο και τολμηρό βιβλίο που ανατρέπει τις επιζήμιες συμβάσεις της κουλτούρας... Είναι αυτή η συνειδητή ανατροπή... που κάνει αυτό το θαρραλέο και σκληρό μυθιστόρημα τόσο απολαυστικό». The Guardian «Ο Πουλημένος ανήκει στα σημαντικότερα και πλέον δύσκολα αμερικανικά μυθιστορήματα που έχουν γραφτεί στον 21ο αιώνα... Είναι ένα επώδυνο βιβλίο που οι αναγνώστες δύσκολα θα ξεχάσουν». Los Angeles Times

Minds Brains And Law

Author: Michael S. Pardo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199812136
Size: 33.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book addresses the philosophical questions that arise when neuroscientific research and technology are applied in the legal system. The empirical, practical, ethical, and conceptual issues that Pardo and Patterson seek to redress will deeply influence how we negotiate and implement the fruits of neuroscience in law and policy in the future.

The Anti Education Era

Author: James Paul Gee
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1137324112
Size: 14.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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One of the first champions of the positive effects of gaming reveals the dark side of today's digital and social media Today's schools are eager to use the latest technology in the classroom, but rather than improving learning, the new e-media can just as easily narrow students' horizons. Education innovator James Paul Gee first documented the educational benefits of gaming a decade ago in his classic What Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and Literacy. Now, with digital and social media at the center of modern life, he issues an important warning that groundbreaking new technologies, far from revolutionizing schooling, can stymie the next generation's ability to resolve deep global challenges. The solution-and perhaps our children's future-lies in what Gee calls synchronized intelligence, a way of organizing people and their digital tools to solve problems, produce knowledge, and allow people to count and contribute. Gee explores important strategies and tools for today's parents, educators, and policy makers, including virtual worlds, artificial tutors, and ways to create collective intelligence where everyday people can solve hard problems. By harnessing the power of human creativity with interactional and technological sophistication we can finally overcome the limitations of today's failing educational system and solve problems in our high-risk global world. The Anti-Education Era is a powerful and important call to reshape digital learning, engage children in a meaningful educational experience, and bridge inequality.