The Planning System And Planning Terms In Germany

Author: Elke Pahl-Weber
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783888382338
Size: 42.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1142
Download
At a time when Europe is growing together, cooperation between countries is becoming increasingly necessary. One of the main reasons for pursuing transnational spatial development is to attain a common understanding of the facts of spatial planning. Hence, the INTERREG III B project"COMMIN" sought to establish a common communication basis for the exchange of knowledge and experience in spatial planning and thus to foster and develop this understanding in the Baltic Sea region. Therefore, on the basis of a standardized structure the COMMIN project partners prepared basic information about institutional settings and spatial planning systems and compiled a glossary of key terminology in spatial planning accompanied by a varying range of fact sheets with respect to planning cases taken as examples. The readers will now find on www.commin.org the whole range of information covering the respective national languages as well as English translations, although in some countries official translations for these issues were lacking. The project partners were aware of the fact that each translation requires a balancing act between legal precision and communicable classification and, at the end, is a question of definition power and of different senses for semantics. The German text on hand (status December 2006) one information package out of eleven was prepared by a team comprising planners, lawyers, economists, and administrative academics. Actually no other publication treating this subject in English exists and it will hopefully contribute not only to understanding planning issues in Europe but also to transferring in this respect information and knowledge within the country. Anyway, being aware of differences between countries is a point of departure for the mutual understanding process.

Structure And Effects In Eu Competition Law

Author: Jürgen Basedow
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041131744
Size: 16.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4959
Download
During the last decade the European Commission has progressively adopted what is called a and‘more economic approachand’ toward competition policy. This approach, which draws on U.S. antitrust policy, puts greater emphasis on possible welfare effects of business practices and is less concerned with competitive market structures. Under this school of thought concentration cannot be said to impede effective competition to the extent that efficiency gains outweigh market distortions. In order to stimulate the debate on this basic reorientation, in January 2009 the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law at Hamburg convened economists, legal scholars, and practitioners for an exchange of views on these and‘newand’ methodological foundations of EU competition policy and competition law. Two especially controversial elements were chosen for in-depth discussion: the prohibition of abuses of dominant positions and the review of State aid. This book reproduces fourteen papers from this conference, representing the considered views of prominent European lawyers, economists, academics, policymakers, and enforcement officials in the competition field on matters such as: the objectives of EU competition law; the current enforcement guidelines of the EU Commission regarding Article 102 TFEU and measuring market power; abusive low pricing strategies; the economics of competition law enforcemennt; recent developments in EU State aid law; economic justifications for State aid. A critical assessment of the Commissionand’s State aid action plan by the German Monopolies Commission is appended in English. Applying law and economics theory to competition law, this book shows that the and‘more economicand’ approach is exerting a considerable impact on various sectors of competition law. The authors clearly demonstrate the progress that can be made when lawyers and economists take notice of and respect the characteristics of each otherand’s discipline. Moreover, the authors show how new insights of economic theory may be integrated into the relevant legal analysis. The book will therefore be appreciated by academics, practitioners, and officials representing both fields.

The Oxford Handbook Of Public Management

Author: Ewan Ferlie
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199226443
Size: 42.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7752
Download
The public sector continues to play a strategic role across the world and in the last thirty years there have been major shifts in approaches to its management. This text identifies the trends in public management and the effects these have had, as well as providing a broad overview to each topic.

Social Enterprises

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264182330
Size: 44.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 6909
Download
This report looks at how social enterprises are likely to develop, taking stock of existing social enterprises and highlighting the more advanced experiments.

International Trade Business Law Policy

Author: Moens
Publisher: Cavendish Australia
ISBN: 1843143240
Size: 60.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3164
Download
First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Job Creation And Local Economic Development 2016

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264261974
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1901
Download
This second edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines how national and local actors can better work together to support economic development and job creation at the local level.

Digital Marketplaces Unleashed

Author: Claudia Linnhoff-Popien
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 366249275X
Size: 30.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3522
Download
This collection of different views on how digitalization is influencing various industrial sectors addresses essential topics like big data and analytics, fintech and insuretech, cloud and mobility technologies, disruption and entrepreneurship. The technological advances of the 21st century have been massively impacted by the digital upheaval: there is no future without digitalization. The sale of products and services has left the classical point of sale and now takes place on a variety of channels. Whether in the automotive industry, travel and traffic, in cities, or the financial industry – newly designed ecosystems are being created everywhere; data is being generated and analyzed in real time; and companies are competing for mobile access channels to customers in order to gain knowledge about their individual contexts and preferences. In turn, customers can now publicly share their opinions, experiences and knowledge as User Generated Content, allowing them to impact the market and empowering them to build or destroy trust.

Right Wing Terrorism In The 21st Century

Author: Daniel Koehler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138542068
Size: 31.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5957
Download
This book is the first comprehensive academic study of German right-wing terrorism since the early 1960s available in the English language. It offers a unique in-depth analysis of German violent, extremist right-wing movements, terrorist events, groups, networks and individuals. In addition, the book discusses the so-called �National Socialist Underground� (NSU) terror cell, which was uncovered in late 2011 by the authorities. The NSU had been active for over a decade and had killed at least ten people, as well as executing numerous bombings and bank robberies. With an examination of the group�s support network and the reasons behind the failure of the German authorities, this book sheds light on right-wing terrorist group structures, tactics and target groups in Germany. The book also contains a complete list of all the German right-wing terrorist groups and incidents since the Second World War. Based on the most detailed dataset of right-wing terrorism in Germany, this book offers highly valuable insights into this specific form of political violence and terrorism, which has been widely neglected in international terrorism research.