Using Mass Spectrometry For Drug Metabolism Studies Second Edition

Author: Walter A. Korfmacher
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420092219
Size: 67.66 MB
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The first edition of this now classic work helped to establish mass spectrometry as the premier tool for drug metabolism studies. Completely rewritten from start to finish, Using Mass Spectrometry for Drug Metabolism Studies, Second Edition brings medicinal chemists and mass spectrometry professionals up to speed with the rapid advances in the field, the emergence of cutting-edge approaches, and ways to meet steadily increasing vendor demands. Written by international scientists who are experts in their respective disciplines, this state-of-the-art reference effectively encapsulates current mass spectrometry best practices. The stand-alone chapters cover various topics – from metabolite identification to fast chromatography with UPLC – and in a style that is understandable to experts and field newcomers alike. The second edition of this bestseller includes coverage of new instrumentation and software as well as a wealth of updated information on the latest findings surrounding biomarkers and metabolomics and new chapters on both UPLC and DESI/DART. With more than 180 illustrations and an eight-page color insert, this valuable reference explores multiple modern mass spectrometry techniques and strategies. It includes an excellent overview of the entire drug discovery process plus the latest developments on how mass spectrometry is used to support this endeavor.

Mass Spectrometry In Drug Metabolism And Pharmacokinetics

Author: Ragu Ramanathan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111821157X
Size: 69.36 MB
Format: PDF
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This timely reference discusses mass spectrometry in drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies. With contributions by professionals from the pharmaceutical industry, this book begins with a review of current mass spectrometry techniques and applications, followed by discussions of various methods for using MS in drug metabolism studies and pharmacokinetics. Highlighting the critical importance of ADME studies for understanding how a drug is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted by the body, the book s focuses on the use of LC/MS and MALDI-MS. This is a valuable reference for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry, medicine, academia, and even those working in homeland defense.

Mass Spectrometry In Drug Discovery

Author: David T. Rossi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420002478
Size: 15.99 MB
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Mass Spectrometry in Drug Discovery summarizes the theory, instrumentation, techniques, and application of mass spectrometry and atmospheric pressure ionization to screening, evaluating, and improving the performance and quality of drug candidates. It provides time- and cost-efficient approaches for the generation and analysis of effective pharmaceuticals, covers advances in combinatorial chemistry, molecular biology, bioanalysis automation, and computing, and demonstrates the use of mass spectrometry in the assessment of disease states, drug targets, and potential drug agents.

Mass Spectrometry In Drug Metabolism And Disposition

Author: Mike S. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470934692
Size: 57.19 MB
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This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.

Identification And Quantification Of Drugs Metabolites And Metabolizing Enzymes By Lc Ms

Author: Swapan Chowdhury
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080456065
Size: 17.25 MB
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As new techniques of transferring from liquid to gas phase and measuring masses of drug molecules and metabolites become more prevalent, so do the technical challenges of putting these techniques into proper use, as well as the task of consolidating emerging applications. Identification and Quantification of Drugs, Metabolites and Metabolizing Enzymes by LC-MS, Volume 6 fills the gap in the lack of presently available literature by providing a critical review in the current use of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in drug discovery and development. With chapters written by experts with a wide range of practical experience from the pharmaceutical industry, emphasis is placed on techniques and applications. The book also includes chapters on how to utilize LC-MS instrumentation for current drug metabolism problems. This book is intended for those beginning to use LC-MS for drug metabolism studies as well as for those considered advanced practitioners. * Introduces readers to the practical applications of modern liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in a wide range of drug metabolism studies· * Provides a comprehensive description of different forms of metabolites, with detailed discussion on the wide range of methodologies used to identify them * Highlights problems associated with drug quantification and offers practical solutions

Mass Spectrometry In Drug Metabolism

Author: Frigerio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461341515
Size: 79.72 MB
Format: PDF
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When a dose of drug is administered, three main phases of drug action may be distingushed. In the "pharmaceutical" phase the dosage form disintegrates, the active substance dissolves and becomes available for absorption. The second phase ("pharmaco kinetic" phase) includes absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. That fraction of the dose which finally reaches the circulation after absorption will be available for biological action in the third, or "pharmacodynamic" phase when the drug reaches the target tissues and a drug-receptor interaction takes place. The objectives in studies of drug metabolism are: (a) to identify the pathways by which drugs are transformed in the body; (b) to ascertain quantitatively the importance of each pathway and intermediate; (c) to identify and quantify endogenous constituents influenced by the drug or its metabolites which may interfere with common metabolic processes. Since metabolites usually differ from their precursors by only a single chemical group, the resulting metabolic pathways generally consist of a series of closely related compounds. Mass spectrometry is uniquely suited for the analysis of drugs and metabolites for several reasons: only a minimal amount of sample preparation is needed, closely related compounds can be analyzed in a single step, structures can often be deduced directly from the mass spectra without the need for pure reference spectra, and constituents can be quantified with relative ease even when present in fractional nanogram quantity.

High Throughput Analysis In The Pharmaceutical Industry

Author: Perry G. Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420059540
Size: 50.81 MB
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The introduction of combinatorial chemistry technology has increased the amount of compounds generated in a year from 50 to 2000. Conventional analytical approaches simply cannot keep up. These circumstances have caused drug discovery to take on the shape of a bottleneck, like traffic through a toll booth. In order to break the bottleneck, a corresponding revolutionary improvement to the conventional methodology must happen.

Applications Of Mass Spectrometry In Drug Metabolism 50 Years Of Progress

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.20 MB
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Abstract: Mass spectrometry plays a pivotal role in drug metabolism studies, which are an integral part of drug discovery and development nowadays. Metabolite identification has become critical to understanding the metabolic fate of drug candidates and to aid lead optimization with improved metabolic stability, toxicology and efficacy profiles. Ever since the introduction of atmospheric ionization techniques in the early 1990s, liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has secured a central role as the predominant analytical platform for metabolite identification as LC and MS technologies continually advanced. In this review, we discuss the evolution of both MS technology and its applications over the past 50 years to meet the increasing demand of drug metabolism studies. These advances include ionization sources, mass analyzers, a wide range of MS acquisition strategies and data mining tools that have substantially accelerated the metabolite identification process and changed the overall drug metabolism landscape. Exemplary applications for characterization and identification of both small-molecule xenobiotics and biological macromolecules are described. In addition, this review discusses novel MS technologies and applications, including xenobiotic metabolomics that hold additional promise for advancing drug metabolism research, and offers thoughts on remaining challenges in studying the metabolism and disposition of drugs and other xenobiotics.

Mass Spectrometry In Drug Metabolism And Disposition

Author: Mike S. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047092926X
Size: 18.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book examines the background, industrial context, process, analytical methodology, and technology of metabolite identification. It emphasizes the applications of metabolite identification in drug research. While primarily a textbook, the book also functions as a comprehensive reference to those in the industry. The authors have worked closely together and combine complementary backgrounds to bring technical and cultural awareness to this very important endeavor while serving to address needs within academia and industry It also contains a variety of problem sets following specific sections in the text.

Metabolite Safety In Drug Development

Author: Suzanne L. Iverson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111894965X
Size: 13.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A reference on drug metabolism and metabolite safety in the development phase, this book reviews the analytical techniques and experimental designs critical for metabolite studies. It features case studies of lessons learned and real world examples, along with regulatory perspectives from the US FDA and EMA. • Reviews the analytical techniques and experimental designs critical for metabolite studies • Covers methods including chirality, species differences, mass spectrometry, radiolabels, and in vitro / in vivo correlation • Discusses target pharmacology, in vitro systems aligned to toxicity tests, and drug-drug interactions • Includes perspectives from authors with firsthand involvement in industry and the study of drug metabolites, including viewpoints that have influenced regulatory guidelines