: Charles Kendall Adams
: 77.23 MB
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ...related to A. campestris is A. arvensis, popularly called "meadow-mushroom," from its place of growth. It is larger than A. campestris, stronger in flavor, and less esteemed. From its size and coarseness it has in England received the name of "horse-mushroom." Specimens are mentioned weighing 14 lb. The " nail fungus," A. esculentus, is the smallest species used for food. The pileus does not exceed an inch in diameter, and is flat and clay colored. It is found in fir woods, and is used largely in Vienna as a flavor for sauces under the name of Nagelschwamm. One of the most poisonous species of the genus is the "fly agaric," A. muscarius, so named because the fungus is often steeped and the solution used for the destruction of the house-fly. The pileus is raised upon a long stipe, reaching a diameter of 4 to 6 inches, having its bright red surface studded with large white protuberances. Very closely allied to the fly agaric is A. cwsareus, though not poisonous and very excellent for food. It can always be distinguished by its yellow gills, while A. muscarius has them of a pure dead white. The genus Coprinus differs from Agaricus mainly in the deliquescent character of the gills. C. comalus is the leading esculent species, and commands attention by its singular and graceful form. The whole surface is delicate and silky, the cap tinged with brown at the top and grayish at the base, soon becoming covered with scales. The gills are very close together, and pass in color from pink to brown. These plants should always be gathered before they begin to deliquesce. In the genus Cortinarius the veil is composed of arachnoid threads and the spores are rusty. The edible species are few in number. In Hygrophorus...