Type Driven Development With Idris

Author: Edwin Brady
Publisher: Manning Publications
ISBN: 9781617293023
Size: 18.12 MB
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Types are often seen as a tool for checking errors, with the programmer writing a complete program first and using the type checker to detect errors. And while tests are used to show presence of errors, they can only find errors that you explicitly test for. In type-driven development, types become your tools for constructing programs and, used appropriately, can show the absence of errors. And you can express precise relationships between data, your assumptions are explicit and checkable, and you can precisely state and verify properties. Type-driven development lets users write extensible code, create simple specifications very early in development, and easily create mock implementation for testing. Type-Driven Development with Idris, written by the creator of Idris, teaches programmers how to improve the performance and accuracy of programs by taking advantage of a state-of-the-art type system. This book teaches readers using Idris, a language designed from the very beginning to support type-driven development. Readers learn how to manipulate types just like any other construct (numbers, strings, lists, etc.). This book teaches how to use type-driven development to build real-world software, as well as how to handle side-effects, state and concurrency, and interoperating with existing systems. By the end of this book, readers will be able to develop robust and verified software in Idris and apply type-driven development methods to programming in other languages. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications.

Certified Programming With Dependent Types

Author: Adam Chlipala
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262317885
Size: 72.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The technology of mechanized program verification can play a supporting role in many kinds of research projects in computer science, and related tools for formal proof-checking are seeing increasing adoption in mathematics and engineering. This book provides an introduction to the Coq software for writing and checking mathematical proofs. It takes a practical engineering focus throughout, emphasizing techniques that will help users to build, understand, and maintain large Coq developments and minimize the cost of code change over time. Two topics, rarely discussed elsewhere, are covered in detail: effective dependently typed programming (making productive use of a feature at the heart of the Coq system) and construction of domain-specific proof tactics. Almost every subject covered is also relevant to interactive computer theorem proving in general, not just program verification, demonstrated through examples of verified programs applied in many different sorts of formalizations. The book develops a unique automated proof style and applies it throughout; even experienced Coq users may benefit from reading about basic Coq concepts from this novel perspective. The book also offers a library of tactics, or programs that find proofs, designed for use with examples in the book. Readers will acquire the necessary skills to reimplement these tactics in other settings by the end of the book. All of the code appearing in the book is freely available online.

Programming With Higher Order Logic

Author: Dale Miller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052187940X
Size: 39.98 MB
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Formal systems that describe computations over syntactic structures occur frequently in computer science. Logic programming provides a natural framework for encoding and animating such systems. However, these systems often embody variable binding, a notion that must be treated carefully at a computational level. This book aims to show that a programming language based on a simply typed version of higher-order logic provides an elegant, declarative means for providing such a treatment. Three broad topics are covered in pursuit of this goal. First, a proof-theoretic framework that supports a general view of logic programming is identified. Second, an actual language called λProlog is developed by applying this view to higher-order logic. Finally, a methodology for programming with specifications is exposed by showing how several computations over formal objects such as logical formulas, functional programs, and λ-terms and π-calculus expressions can be encoded in λProlog.

Lambda Calculus With Types

Author: Henk Barendregt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107276349
Size: 22.59 MB
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This handbook with exercises reveals in formalisms, hitherto mainly used for hardware and software design and verification, unexpected mathematical beauty. The lambda calculus forms a prototype universal programming language, which in its untyped version is related to Lisp, and was treated in the first author's classic The Lambda Calculus (1984). The formalism has since been extended with types and used in functional programming (Haskell, Clean) and proof assistants (Coq, Isabelle, HOL), used in designing and verifying IT products and mathematical proofs. In this book, the authors focus on three classes of typing for lambda terms: simple types, recursive types and intersection types. It is in these three formalisms of terms and types that the unexpected mathematical beauty is revealed. The treatment is authoritative and comprehensive, complemented by an exhaustive bibliography, and numerous exercises are provided to deepen the readers' understanding and increase their confidence using types.

Type Theory Functional Programming

Author: Simon Thompson
Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780201416671
Size: 22.20 MB
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This book explores the role of Martin-Lof s constructive type theory in computer programming. The main focus of the book is how the theory can be successfully applied in practice. Introductory sections provide the necessary background in logic, lambda calculus and constructive mathematics, and exercises and chapter summaries are included to reinforce understanding.

Isabelle Hol

Author: Tobias Nipkow
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540459499
Size: 10.45 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume is a self-contained introduction to interactive proof in high- order logic (HOL), using the proof assistant Isabelle 2002. Compared with existing Isabelle documentation, it provides a direct route into higher-order logic, which most people prefer these days. It bypasses ?rst-order logic and minimizes discussion of meta-theory. It is written for potential users rather than for our colleagues in the research world. Another departure from previous documentation is that we describe Markus Wenzel’s proof script notation instead of ML tactic scripts. The l- ter make it easier to introduce new tactics on the ?y, but hardly anybody does that. Wenzel’s dedicated syntax is elegant, replacing for example eight simpli?cation tactics with a single method, namely simp, with associated - tions. The book has three parts. – The ?rst part, Elementary Techniques, shows how to model functional programs in higher-order logic. Early examples involve lists and the natural numbers. Most proofs are two steps long, consisting of induction on a chosen variable followed by the auto tactic. But even this elementary part covers such advanced topics as nested and mutual recursion. – The second part, Logic and Sets, presents a collection of lower-level tactics that you can use to apply rules selectively. It also describes I- belle/HOL’s treatment of sets, functions, and relations and explains how to de?ne sets inductively. One of the examples concerns the theory of model checking, and another is drawn from a classic textbook on formal languages.

Programming Rust

Author: Jim Blandy
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1491927232
Size: 49.77 MB
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Rust is a new systems programming language that combines the performance and low-level control of C and C++ with memory safety and thread safety. Rust’s modern, flexible types ensure your program is free of null pointer dereferences, double frees, dangling pointers, and similar bugs, all at compile time, without runtime overhead. In multi-threaded code, Rust catches data races at compile time, making concurrency much easier to use. Written by two experienced systems programmers, this book explains how Rust manages to bridge the gap between performance and safety, and how you can take advantage of it. Topics include: How Rust represents values in memory (with diagrams) Complete explanations of ownership, moves, borrows, and lifetimes Cargo, rustdoc, unit tests, and how to publish your code on crates.io, Rust’s public package repository High-level features like generic code, closures, collections, and iterators that make Rust productive and flexible Concurrency in Rust: threads, mutexes, channels, and atomics, all much safer to use than in C or C++ Unsafe code, and how to preserve the integrity of ordinary code that uses it Extended examples illustrating how pieces of the language fit together

Mastering Mobile Test Automation

Author: Feroz Pearl Louis
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1782174435
Size: 52.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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If you want a complete understanding of mobile automation testing and its practical implementation, then this book is for you. Familiarity with the basics of VB Script and Java along with knowledge of basic testing concepts is essential.

Verified Functional Programming In Agda

Author: Aaron Stump
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool
ISBN: 1970001267
Size: 71.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Agda is an advanced programming language based on Type Theory. Agda's type system is expressive enough to support full functional verification of programs, in two styles. In external verification, we write pure functional programs and then write proofs of properties about them. The proofs are separate external artifacts, typically using structural induction. In internal verification, we specify properties of programs through rich types for the programs themselves. This often necessitates including proofs inside code, to show the type checker that the specified properties hold. The power to prove properties of programs in these two styles is a profound addition to the practice of programming, giving programmers the power to guarantee the absence of bugs, and thus improve the quality of software more than previously possible. Verified Functional Programming in Agda is the first book to provide a systematic exposition of external and internal verification in Agda, suitable for undergraduate students of Computer Science. No familiarity with functional programming or computer-checked proofs is presupposed. The book begins with an introduction to functional programming through familiar examples like booleans, natural numbers, and lists, and techniques for external verification. Internal verification is considered through the examples of vectors, binary search trees, and Braun trees. More advanced material on type-level computation, explicit reasoning about termination, and normalization by evaluation is also included. The book also includes a medium-sized case study on Huffman encoding and decoding.