Theory Of Colloid And Interfacial Electric Phenomena

Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080465145
Size: 46.25 MB
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Theory of Colloid and Interfacial Electric Phenomena is written for scientists, engineers, and graduate students who want to study the fundamentals and current developments in colloid and interfacial electric phenomena, and their relation to stability of suspensions of colloidal particles and nanoparticles in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The primary purpose of this book is to help understand how the knowledge on the structure of electrical double layers, double layer interactions, and electrophoresis of charged particles will be important to understand various interfacial electric phenomena and to improves the reader's skill and save time in the study of interfacial electric phenomena. Also providing theoretical background and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena and many approximate analytic formulas describing various colloid and interfacial electric phenomena, which will be useful and helpful to understand these phenomena analyse experimental data. Showing the fundamentals and developments in the field First book to describe electrokinetics of soft particles Providing theoretical background and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena

Colloid And Interface Chemistry For Water Quality Control

Author: Qing Chang
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128093196
Size: 63.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control provides basic but essential knowledge of colloid and interface science for water and wastewater treatment. Divided into two sections, chapters 1 to 8 presents colloid chemistry including simple history and basic concepts, diffusion and Brown Motion, sedimentation, osmotic pressure, optical properties, rheology properties, electric properties, emulsion, foam and gel, and so on; chapters 9 to provides interface chemistry theories including the surface of liquid, the surface of solution, and the surface of solid. This valuable book is the only one that presents colloid and interface chemistry from the water quality control perspective. This book was written for graduate students in the area of water treatment and environmental engineering, and it could be used as the reference for researchers and engineers in the same area. Concise content makes this suitable for both teaching and learning Focuses on water treatment technology and methods, links colloid and surface chemistry to water treatment applications Not only addresses all the important physical-chemistry principles and theories, but also presents new developed knowledge on water treatment Includes exercises, problems and solutions, which are very helpful for testing learning and understanding

Surface Complexation Modelling

Author: Johannes Lutzenkirchen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080467788
Size: 31.73 MB
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Surface Complexation Modelling deals with various aspects associate to the modelling of solutes adsorption from of solutes from aqueous solutions to minerals. The individual contributions cover fundamental aspects and applications. Applications cover case studies and present consistent surface complexation parameter sets. The model approaches range from simplistic to mechanistic. More fundamental contributions address underlying phenomena or stress the opportunities of modern computational methods. Several mineral systems are covered, including goethite, gibbsite, clay minerals etc. Surface Complexation Modelling presents the state-of-the-art of surface complexation modelling and suggests ideas for further model development. A number of chapters are authored by scientists working on nuclear waste storage, where the retention of radionuclides contributes to preventing radionuclide migration from the repository to the biosphere. Other contributions come from soil and environmental chemists with an interest in reactive transport of pollutants in soils or aquifers. Covering a wide range of disciplines Bringing together contributions from experts in the field Providing a balance between the theoretical and applied aspects

Colloid And Interface Chemistry For Nanotechnology

Author: Peter Kralchevsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466569069
Size: 49.53 MB
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Colloid and interface science dealt with nanoscale objects for nearly a century before the term nanotechnology was coined. An interdisciplinary field, it bridges the macroscopic world and the small world of atoms and molecules. Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology is a collection of manuscripts reflecting the activities of research teams that have been involved in the networking project Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology (2006–2011), Action D43, the European Science Foundation. The project was a part of the intergovernmental framework for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), allowing the coordination of nationally funded research across Europe. With contributions by leading experts, this book covers a wide range of topics. Chapters are grouped into three sections: "Nanoparticle Synthesis and Characterization," "New Experimental Tools and Interpretation," and "Nanocolloidal Dispersions and Interfaces." The topics covered belong to six basic research areas: (1) The synthesis of nanostructured materials of well-defined size and function; (2) Analytical methods and tools for control and characterization of synthesized nanomaterials; (3) Self-assembly of nanomaterials, such as microemulsions and micelles, and their applications; (4) Bioinspired nanostructured materials—structure, properties, and applications; (5) Design of active, soft functional interfaces with unique properties for sensors, catalysts, and biomedical assays; and (6) Nanoscale elements in soft nanoscale devices for applications in analytical and biomedical sciences. This book describes highlights in nanotechnology based on state-of-the-art principles in colloid and interface science, demonstrating how great progress in the various branches of nanotechnology can be achieved. The application of these principles allows for the development of new experimental and theoretical tools.

Soft Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications

Author: José Callejas-Fernández
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782625216
Size: 61.92 MB
Format: PDF
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Nanoparticles are attractive for many biomedical applications such as imaging, therapeutics and diagnostics. This new book looks at different soft nanoparticles and their current and potential uses in medicine and health including magnetoliposomes, micro/nanogels, polymeric micelles, DNA particles, dendrimers and bicelles. Each chapter provides a description of the synthesis of the particles and focus on the techniques used to characterize the size, shape, surface charge, internal structure, and surface microstructure of the nanoparticles together with modeling and simulation methods. By giving a strong physical-chemical approach to the topic, readers will gain a good background into the subject and an overview of recent developments. The multidisciplinary point of view makes the book suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, and biology interested in soft matter and its uses.

Electrical Phenomena At Interfaces And Biointerfaces

Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118135423
Size: 46.71 MB
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This book bridges three different fields: nanoscience, bioscience, and environmental sciences. It starts with fundamental electrostatics at interfaces and includes a detailed description of fundamental theories dealing with electrical double layers around a charged particle, electrokinetics, and electrical double layer interaction between charged particles. The stated fundamentals are provided as the underpinnings of sections two, three, and four, which address electrokinetic phenomena that occur in nanoscience, bioscience, and environmental science. Applications in nanomaterials, fuel cells, electronic materials, biomaterials, stems cells, microbiology, water purificiaion, and humic substances are discussed.

Fundamentals Of Interface And Colloid Science

Author: J. Lyklema
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080457406
Size: 15.62 MB
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Volume V is the counterpart of Volume IV and treats hydrophilic colloids and related items. Contains edited contributions on steric stabilization, depletion, polyelectrolytes, proteins at interfaces, association colloids, microemulsions, thin films, foams and emulsions. J. Lyklema is coauthor of two chapters and general editor. Other authors include: G.J. Fleer, F.A.M. Leermakers, M.A. Cohen Stuart, W. Norde, J.A.G. Buijs, J.C. Eriksson, T.Sottmann, R. Strey, D. Platikanov, D. Ekserova, V.Bergeron and P.Walstra. * This volume completes the prestigious series Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science * Together with Volume IV this book provides a comprehensive introduction to colloid science. * Explains and elaborates phenomena starting from basic principles and progresses to more advanced topics

Rheology Of Emulsions

Author: Aleksandar M. M. Spasic
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128138378
Size: 14.39 MB
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Rheology of Emulsions, Volume 22: Electrohydrodynamics Principles studies phenomena at liquid-liquid interfaces, including finely dispersed particles or structures, in particular emulsions, double emulsions and biological cells. The book considers the forces of electrical origin that participate in the physical events at liquid-liquid interfaces, taking into account electron transfer phenomenon and electrodynamics principles. Topics covered are of interest to a broad range of scientists, researchers and graduate students with a basic knowledge of physical chemistry, electromagnetism, fluid mechanics, classical and quantum electrodynamics. The implications and applications of the material presented in the book contribute to the advanced fundamental, applied and engineering research of interfacial electroviscoelastic phenomena. Features a multidisciplinary approach to electron transfer phenomena Introduces a new constitutive model of liquids and a theory of electroviscoelasticity Addresses a broad range of subject field examples that make it useful to various research communities

Nanoscience

Author: Victor M. Starov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439857687
Size: 51.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The common perception is that nanoscience is something entirely new, that it sprung forth whole and fully formed like some mythological deity. But the truth is that like all things scientific, nanoscience is the natural result of the long evolution of scientific inquiry. Following a historical trail back to the middle of the 19th century, nanoscience is the inborn property of colloid and interface science. What’s important today is for us to recognize that nanoparticles are small colloidal objects. It should also be appreciated that over the past decades, a number of novel nanostructures have been developed, but whatever we call them, we cannot forget that their properties and behavior are still in the realm of colloid and interface science. However one views it, the interest and funding in nano-science is a tremendous opportunity to advance critical research in colloid chemistry. Nanoscience: Colloidal and Interfacial Aspects brings together a prominent roster of 42 leading investigators and their teams, who detail the wide range of theoretical and experimental knowledge that can be successfully applied for investigating nanosystems, many of which are actually well-known colloidal systems. This international grouping of pioneering investigators from academia and industry use these pages to provide researchers of today and tomorrow with a full examination of nano-disperse colloids, homogeneous and heterogeneous nano-structured materials (and their properties), and shelf-organization at the nano-scale. This cutting-edge reference provides information on investigations into non-linear electrokinetic phenomena in nano-sized dispersions and nano-sized biological systems. It discusses application aspects of technological processes in great detail, providing scientists and engineers across all fields with authoritative commentary on colloid and interface science operating at the nanoscale. Nano-Science: Colloidal and Interfacial Aspects provides an authoritative resource for those wanting to familiarize themselves with current progress as well as for those looking to make their own impact on the development of new technologies and practical applications in fields as diverse as medicine, materials, and environmental science to name but a few. Whether you call the technology nano or colloids, the field continues to be ripe with opportunity.

Colloid And Interface Science In Pharmaceutical Research And Development

Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444626085
Size: 65.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development describes the role of colloid and surface chemistry in the pharmaceutical sciences. It gives a detailed account of colloid theory, and explains physicochemical properties of the colloidal-pharmaceutical systems, and the methods for their measurement. The book starts with fundamentals in Part I, covering fundamental aspects of colloid and interface sciences as applied to pharmaceutical sciences and thus should be suitable for teaching. Parts II and III treat applications and measurements, and they explains the application of these properties and their influence and use for the development of new drugs. Provides a clear description of the fundamentals of colloid and interface science relevant to drug research and development Explains the physicochemical/colloidal basis of pharmaceutical science Lists modern experimental characterization techniques, provides analytical equations and explanations on analyzing the experimental data Describes the most advanced techniques, AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy), SFA (Surface Force Apparatus) in detail