The Sense Of Dissonance

Author: David Stark
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400831005
Size: 15.29 MB
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What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. This can be disorienting and disconcerting. Because of this, many organizations devote considerable resources to limiting and clarifying the logics used for evaluating worth. But as David Stark argues, firms would often be better off, especially in managing change, if they allowed multiple logics of worth and did not necessarily discourage uncertainty. In fact, in many cases multiple orders of worth are unavoidable, so organizations and firms should learn to harness the benefits of such "heterarchy" rather than seeking to purge it. Stark makes this argument with ethnographic case studies of three companies attempting to cope with rapid change: a machine-tool company in late and postcommunist Hungary, a new-media startup in New York during and after the collapse of the Internet bubble, and a Wall Street investment bank whose trading room was destroyed on 9/11. In each case, the friction of competing criteria of worth promoted an organizational reflexivity that made it easier for the company to change and deal with market uncertainty. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that "perplexing situations" provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, Stark argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery.

The Sense Of Dissonance

Author: David Stark
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780691152486
Size: 48.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6552
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What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that 'perplexing situations' provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, this work argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery

The Sense Of Dissonance

Author: David Stark
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691132808
Size: 69.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3676
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What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. This can be disorienting and disconcerting. Because of this, many organizations devote considerable resources to limiting and clarifying the logics used for evaluating worth. But as David Stark argues, firms would often be better off, especially in managing change, if they allowed multiple logics of worth and did not necessarily discourage uncertainty. In fact, in many cases multiple orders of worth are unavoidable, so organizations and firms should learn to harness the benefits of such "heterarchy" rather than seeking to purge it. Stark makes this argument with ethnographic case studies of three companies attempting to cope with rapid change: a machine-tool company in late and postcommunist Hungary, a new-media startup in New York during and after the collapse of the Internet bubble, and a Wall Street investment bank whose trading room was destroyed on 9/11. In each case, the friction of competing criteria of worth promoted an organizational reflexivity that made it easier for the company to change and deal with market uncertainty. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that "perplexing situations" provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, Stark argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery.

This Place These People

Author: David Stark
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536275
Size: 28.31 MB
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Nancy Warner's photographs and David Stark's interviews and reflections provide fresh perspective on the history and culture of a distinctly American phenomenon. Continuing in the tradition of Solomon D. Butcher, who photographed some of the first midwestern settlers in the nineteenth century, and Wright Morris, who combined photographic and verbal accounts of farmers' lives in the twentieth century, Stark and Warner explore a way of life that continues to adapt in the face of wrenching change. This book pairs images of abandoned farm places with the plain-spoken recollections of the people who still live in nearby communities. In his afterword, Stark grounds the project in the relationship between people and their land; the cadences and tough-minded humor of everyday speech; the ongoing mechanization of farming; the lure of cities for the young; and genetic and chemical innovations for improving crop yields. The result is both art and document, evoking memories, emotions, and open-ended questions for anyone with rural American roots.

Concerned Markets

Author: Susi Geiger
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1782549757
Size: 52.72 MB
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øWhen political, social, technological and economic interests, values, and perspectives interact, market order and performance become contentious issues of debate. Such Šhot� situations are becoming increasingly common and make for rich sites of resear

Valuing The Unique

Author: Lucien Karpik
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 57.97 MB
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"With his economics of singularities, Lucien Karpik has given researchers even more than a masterpiece of economic sociology. He introduces new methods, new concepts, and new results. He shows how the differences between markets are more important than their similarities, and how our approach to markets should deal first and foremost with qualities. This book puts economics back on the road toward generality!"--Olivier Favereau, Universite Paris X and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique ""Valuing the Unique" is an exciting foray onto new ground for economic sociology. In studying markets of singularities, Lucien Karpik provides a wealth of fascinating examples of judgment devices whereby we value goods and services that are incommensurable. A singular achievement!"--David Stark, author of "The Sense of Dissonance: Accounts of Worth in Economic Life" "This is one of these rare books that reveals a new economic province. Far removed from the familiar domain of customary economics there lies the realm of singularities--goods and services for which the issue of quality lies beyond any question of price. By successfully integrating culture and market, and the politics of the market, "Valuing the Unique" has implications for general and theoretical sociology. It presents a most lively and useful read for those interested in the manner in which markets actually function."--Philippe Steiner, Universite Paris-Sorbonne ""Valuing the Unique" is the most important book to be published in economic sociology in many years. Karpik develops a full-fledged sociological alternative to understanding the problem of singularities, and offers conceptual breakthroughs that make hitherto puzzling issues much easier to comprehend. No debates on the issue of the valuation of goods will be able to ignore Karpik's theoretical contribution."--Jens Beckert, director of the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies "This is a wonderfully stimulating book--evocative, provocative, ambitious, and certain to spark debate. It poses important questions and offers new conceptual tools for economic sociology. There is a lot to think about here."--Bruce Carruthers, Northwestern University "

Moments Of Valuation

Author: Ariane Berthoin Antal
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191006939
Size: 26.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The outcome of innovation processes are determined by complex, historically grown valuation practices. In this book, a wide range of innovations are taken into consideration, from small inventions like entertainment novelties to large societal changes through new technologies. The chapters observe the particular local or distributed sites in which their episodes of innovation take place, and they identify the initial dissonance among those judging a newly proposed alternative. The emphasis of the inquiry, however, is on the practices of valuation that are at work when something succeeds in being "new". The authors represent a wide variety of sub-disciplines and national backgrounds in the social sciences. They share an interest in social valuation and a pragmatist approach. The differences between their empirical evidence reflect the wide variety of appearances that valuation takes in contemporary society. They are anthropologists, economic or cultural sociologists, organization researchers, historians or political scientists. A number of chapters deals with aesthetic valuation, as in the tasting of a new vintage, or in the socio-technical process that shaped successful synthesizer sounds. Other chapters discuss the judgment processes in organizations, like architect offices or consultancy firms, and processes of evaluation and valorization in larger fields of practice, like accounting or mathematics. The studies are both of interest in their various professional fields, and contribute to a more general understanding of the social and cultural conditions under which innovations fail and succeed.

Market Threads

Author: Koray Çalişkan
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400833924
Size: 67.27 MB
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What is a global market? How does it work? At a time when new crises in world markets cannot be satisfactorily resolved through old ideas, Market Threads presents a detailed analysis of the international cotton trade and argues for a novel and groundbreaking understanding of global markets. The book examines the arrangements, institutions, and power relations on which cotton trading and production depend, and provides an alternative approach to the analysis of pricing mechanisms. Drawing upon research from such diverse places as the New York Board of Trade and the Turkish and Egyptian countrysides, the book explores how market agents from peasants to global merchants negotiate, accept, reject, resist, reproduce, understand, and misunderstand a global market. The book demonstrates that policymakers and researchers must focus on the specific practices of market maintenance in order to know how they operate. Markets do not simply emerge as a relationship among self-interested buyers and sellers, governed by appropriate economic institutions. Nor are they just social networks embedded in wider economic social structures. Rather, global markets are maintained through daily interventions, the production of prosthetic prices, and the waging of struggles among those who produce and exchange commodities. The book illustrates the crucial consequences that these ideas have on economic reform projects and market studies. Spanning a variety of disciplines, Market Threads offers an original look at the world commodity trade and revises prevailing explanations for how markets work.

Arts Of The Political

Author: Ash Amin
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822354012
Size: 70.91 MB
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Seeking to reinvigorate the political Left, Ash Amin and Nigel Thrift advocate an experimental "world-making" politics that is able to adapt to changing circumstances, shifting categories, and emergent problems.

The Worth Of Goods

Author: Jens Beckert
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199594643
Size: 23.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Drawing on theory and empirical research, this interdisciplinary book brings together leading social scientists to examine how prices are set and how values emerge inside and outside of markets, which have become the central force in the contemporary economy.