The Philosophy And Practice Of Corrections

Author: Marilyn McShane
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136523154
Size: 18.37 MB
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Published in 1997, The Philosophy and Practice of Corrections is a valuable contribution to the field of Sociology & Social Policy.

Restorative Justice Theory And Practice

Author: Theo Gavrielides
Publisher: Criminal Justice Press
ISBN: 9789525333329
Size: 28.39 MB
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A study examines the harmful gap between the theory of restorative justice (RJ) and its application in programs in the U.S., Europe, and elsewhere. Data were obtained from four surveys of restorative justice practitioners, using a combination of qualitative methodologies, including questionnaire responses, interviews and focus groups.

The Ethics Of Total Confinement

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190451718
Size: 25.22 MB
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In three parts, this volume in the AP-LS series explores the phenomena of captivity and risk management, guided and informed by the theory, method, and policy of psychological jurisprudence. The authors present a controversial thesis that demonstrates how the forces of captivity and risk management are sustained by several interdependent "conditions of control." These conditions impose barriers to justice and set limits on citizenship for one and all. Situated at the nexus of political/social theory, mental health law and jurisprudential ethics, the book examines and critiques constructs such as offenders and victims; self and society; therapeutic and restorative; health; harm; and community. So, too, are three "total confinement" case law data sets on which this analysis is based. The volume stands alone in its efforts to systematically "diagnose" the moral reasoning lodged within prevailing judicial opinions that sustain captivity and risk management practices impacting: (1) the rights of juveniles found competent to stand criminal trial, the mentally ill placed in long-term disciplinary isolation, and sex offenders subjected to civil detention and community re-entry monitoring; (2) the often unmet needs of victims; and (3) the demands of an ordered society. Carefully balancing sophisticated insights with concrete and cutting-edge applications, the book concludes with a series of provocative, yet practical, recommendations for future research and meaningful reform within institutional practice, programming, and policy. The Ethics of Total Confinement is a thought-provoking and timely must-read for anyone interested in the ethical and legal issues regarding madness, citizenship, and social justice. "It has become clear that there is no criminological exit from embrace of degrading punishments and practices to which our increasingly distorted risk perception commits us. Instead, the path forward must run through a return to the ethical and psychological roots of security and justice. The Ethics of Total Confinement is a quantum step forward in defining and advancing that path."--Jonathan Simon , Adrian A. Kragen Professor of Law, Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program, UC Berkeley School of Law "This book boldly calls for a total transformation in the way the law deals with people who are confined because of their perceived depravity or dangerousness. It focuses on three outcast groups--juveniles tried as adults, people with mental illness subjected to hospitalization, and sex offenders committed as dangerous--and, based on an innovative analysis of the relevant caselaw and empirics, shows why current practices not only visit substantial harm on these people but also brutalize those who deprive them of liberty and damage the rest of us by feeding our basest, most uninformed fears. Relying on Aristotelian philosophy, therapeutic and restorative principles, and commonsense justice, the book persuasively argues that we must reorient the training and thinking of all major players in the system if our goal is to promote the maximum amount of human flourishing."--Christopher Slobogin, Milton Underwood Professor of Law, Vanderbilt University Law School "The Ethics of Total Confinement: A Critique of Madness, Citizenship, and Social Justice deepens our understanding of how our legal system justifies its treatment of those it confines. By bridging gaps among relevant disciplines, the book clarifies to an interdisciplinary audience just how inadequate those justifications turn out to be when measured by psychological, ethical, or justice-based standards. The book's provocative conclusions and recommendations offer much food for thought and suggest potential directions for action."--Dennis Fox, Emeritus Associate Professor of Legal Studies and Psychology, University of Illinois at Springfield "The Ethics of Total Confinement shows how captivity diminishes the keepers and the kept. It is a book that synthesises in creative new ways reformist visions of justice, virtue and the cultivation of habits of character. This is profound work that opens new paths to dignity, healing and social justice."--John Braithwaite, Australian Research Council Federation Fellow, Australian National University "The Ethics of Total Confinement offers a useful and wide-ranging perspective grounded in psychological jurisprudence. With its emphasis on the harm done to those most vulnerable to extremes of risk-management, this volume makes a welcome addition to the literature on confinement."--Lorna Rhodes, Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Washington "The provocative thesis of this book develops psychological jurisprudence to conceptualize the ethics of existing total confinement practices, aspiring to greater justice and human flourishing for all. A timely intervention of this kind is most welcome."--George Pavlich, Associate Vice-President (Research), Professor of Law and Sociology, University of Alberta

Introduction To Law Enforcement

Author: William G. Doerner
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780750698122
Size: 70.56 MB
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Law Enforcement: An Insider's View addresses four major issues: (1) How the police function has evolved; (2) What it takes to become a full-fledged law enforcement officer; (3) On-the-street activities; and (4) Off-the-street issues. The author blends his classroom experience with his law enforcement training to provide the reader with a unique view of the streets through the eyes of a cop and the mind of a professor. This combination lends to an informed view of how things are supposed to be done in theory with how things really get done out in the field. Traditional topics discussed: agency organization, personnel recruitment and selection, pre-service training, criminal law, search and seizure, use of force, policy guidelines, stress. Non-traditional topics discussed: career preparation, training practices, personal adjustments to sworn status, choosing an appropriate course of action, how organizational mandates affect the job-holder. William G. Doerner, Ph.D., has been a faculty member in the School of Criminology & Criminal Justice at Florida State University since 1977, as well as serving as a part-time sworn law enforcement officer for the Tallahassee Police Department since 1980. Dr. Doerner is the author of numerous criminal justice related books and articles. complete introductory text presents a unique combination of academic and police worlds instructor's manual included

Critical Issues In Crime And Justice Thought Policy And Practice

Author: Mary Maguire
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412970571
Size: 48.83 MB
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This text provides a comprehensive overview of the criminal justice and criminology curriculum through contributed essays designed to review and expand upon key areas of study. The text will explore and examine theory, cases, laws and policies as they have been shaped by a larger social, cultural, and historical context. Topics span the gamut of the Criminal Justice and Criminology curriculum, including crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections and organizations.

Best Practices For The Mentally Ill In The Criminal Justice System

Author: Lenore E.A. Walker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319216562
Size: 55.44 MB
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This timely brief resource introduces a new evidence-based model for treatment of mentally ill individuals in jails, with emphasis on community-based options. Forensic mental health experts review police alternatives to arresting mentally ill persons in confrontations, the efficacy of problem-solving courts, and continuity of care between jail and community. The book's best-practices approach extends to frequently related issues such as addiction, domestic violence, juvenile considerations, and trauma and describes successful programs coordinating judicial and clinical systems. These guidelines for decriminalizing non-violent behaviors and making appropriate services available to those with mental problems should also help address issues affecting the justice system, such as overcrowding. Included in the coverage: The Best Practices Model. Best practices in law enforcement crisis interventions with the mentally ill. Problem-solving courts and therapeutic jurisprudence. Competency restoration programs. A review of best practices for the treatment of persons with mental illness in jail. Conclusions, recommendations, and helpful appendices. With its practical vision for systemic improvement, Best Practices Model for Intervention with the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System is progressive reading for practitioners in the mental health field, especially practitioners working with inmates, as well as for stakeholders in the law enforcement and justice systems.

Introduction To Corrections

Author: Robert D. Hanser
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412975662
Size: 60.74 MB
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Introduction to Corrections provides students with an understanding of basic concepts in the field of corrections. Designed for introductory corrections courses in criminal justice programs at two- and four-year schools, for both traditional ground and online settings, it offers comprehensive coverage of both institutional and community corrections, with particular emphasis on the perspective of the practitioner. Students taking corrections classes often have wild misconceptions about prison work and the corrections environment – misconceptions typically derived from movies and the news, and even current textbooks. In this new text, Robert Hanser uses his own on-the-ground experience to colorfully explain how the corrections system actually works, and what it’s like to be a part of it.

Restorative Justice And Practices In New Zealand

Author: Gabrielle M. Maxwell
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 160899905X
Size: 14.47 MB
Format: PDF
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The quest for justice has been a powerful driving force in all human societies. In recent times, the notion of restorative justice has gained currency. To achieve restorative justice all those affected by a crime must be involved in finding a solution--one that repairs the harm and restores the broken relationships. This means striving to rebuild the damaged lives not only of those who have sufferd but also of those who have caused suffering to others. It means that healing of hurts, the reconciliation of offenders and victims, and the eventual reintegration into the community of those who have offended, as responsible and productive members of society. This is no easy task. But it is vital to building a cohesive, inclusive, and fair society. Moreover, restorative practices need not be limited to the criminal justice arena. They are equally applicable in other fields of human endeavour where people have been harmed and where the restoration of broken relationships is needed. This book provides an account of how restorative processes and practices are being applied in New Zealand in the justice system, education, civil disputes, and governmental responses to historical wrongs. It will be a valuable source of ideas and inspiration for all those who are seeking to build a more restorative society.