The Minipig In Biomedical Research

Author: Peter A. McAnulty
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439811199
Size: 80.82 MB
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The Minipig in Biomedical Research is a comprehensive resource for research scientists on the potential and use of the minipig in basic and applied biomedical research, and the development of drugs and chemicals. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, and drawing on the authors’ global contacts and experience with regulatory authorities and the pharmaceutical and other industries, this accessible manual ranges widely over the biological, scientific, and practical uses of the minipig in the laboratory. Its coverage extends from the minipig’s origins, anatomy, genetics, immunology, and physiology to its welfare, health, and husbandry; practical dosing and examination procedures; surgical techniques; and all areas of toxicity testing and the uses of the minipig as a disease model. Regulatory aspects of its use are considered. The reader will find an extensive amount of theoretical and practical information in the pharmacology; ADME and toxicology chapters which will help scientists and managers when deciding which species to use in basic research; drug discovery and pharmacology; and toxicology studies of chemicals, biotechnology products and devices. The book discusses regulatory uses of minipigs in the evaluation of human and veterinary pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and other classes of xenobiotics. It describes features of normal health, normal laboratory values, and common diseases. It also carefully elucidates ethical and legal considerations in their supply, housing, and transport. The result is an all-inclusive and up to date manual about the experimental uses of the minipig that describes ‘How to’ and ‘Why’ and ’What to expect in the normal’, combining enthusiasm and experience with critical assessment of its values and potential problems.

Advances In Swine In Biomedical Research

Author: L.B. Schook
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461558859
Size: 24.82 MB
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Similarities in structure and function between pigs and human beings include size, feeding patterns, digestive physiology, dietary habits, kidney structure and function, pulmo nary vascular bed structure, coronary artery distribution, propensity to obesity, respiratory rates, tidal volumes and social behaviors. Since the pig is an omnivore, it provides an adaptable model to evaluate chronic and acute exposures to xenobiotics such as alcohoL caffeine, tobacco, food additives and environmental pollutants. Swine have been used successfully as models to evaluate alcoholism, diabetes, absorption, digestion, total paren teral nutrition, organ transplantation, atherosclerosis, exercise, hypertension. hemorrhagic hypotension, melanoma, gingivitis, obstructive and reflux nephropathy. osteochondrosis. dermal healing and septic shock. A severe and worsening shortage of organs and tissues for transplantation in patients with severe organ failure has encouraged the consideration of inter species or xenotransplan tation. In developing programs toward this end, the pig generally is viewed as the preferred donor because of its size, physiology and availability. The pig harbors relatively few diseases which could be transmitted inadvertently to human patients. The ability to genetically modify swine to ameliorate the consequences of the human immune response offers a further significant advantage. Another important consideration for an animal model is that basic biologic back ground information be available for investigators to design future prospective studies.

Sourcebook Of Models For Biomedical Research

Author: P. Michael Conn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1588299333
Size: 30.34 MB
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The collection of systems represented in this volume is a unique effort to reflect the diversity and utility of models used in biomedicine. That utility is based on the consideration that observations made in particular organisms will provide insight into the workings of other, more complex systems. This volume is therefore a comprehensive and extensive collection of these important medical parallels.

Animal Models In Toxicology Third Edition

Author: Shayne C. Gad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466554290
Size: 75.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Animal Models in Toxicology is a single-source reference for the use of animal models in toxicology. Chapters cover nine species used in toxicology and experimental biology. With contributions from experts in toxicology, toxicological pathology, and species-specific metabolism, each of these chapters provides an excellent introductory "course" along with guidance to the literature for a more detailed understanding. This edition includes five new chapters. The first of these provides specific and detailed guidance on the humane, efficient, and effective performance of necropsies for laboratory animals. Other new chapters discuss new technologies available for laboratory animal research—imaging technologies, use of telemetry in animal studies, transgenic animal models, and immunology endpoint for assessment. Also provided is an overview of the increasingly complex laws and regulations that govern how laboratory animals are obtained, maintained, and utilized. A helpful appendix provides a quick guide to commercial sources of laboratory animals.

Swine In The Laboratory

Author: M. Michael Swindle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553529
Size: 40.11 MB
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For two decades, Swine in the Laboratory: Surgery, Anesthesia, and Experimental Techniques has been the most respected practical technical guide for medical and veterinary researchers using swine as experimental animals. Extensively updated and expanded since the publication of the second edition in 2007 and now sponsored by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), it continues to be the most authoritative source of scientific and technical information on the use of domestic and miniature swine in research. Additions to the Third Edition Include: New chapters on toxicology, transgenics, cancer models, and necropsy techniques An overview of porcine models that were not included in the previous edition Updates to chapters on the various body systems Contributions from 25 new coauthors, as well as a new coeditor Significant expansions to the accompanying DVD, including new normal data on farm and minipig breeds, videos on training swine and surgical procedures, updated anatomical imaging, and a colored histological atlas Detailed sections on anesthesia, analgesia, and perioperative care present the best current practices for using swine in experimental surgery. Providing a deepened reference of the most current information and best techniques in an increasingly popular field since the publication of the first edition, this book is a vital tool in conducting the best possible research using porcine models.

Molecular And Functional Models In Neuropsychiatry

Author: Jim J. Hagan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642197031
Size: 65.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The development of more effective treatments for neuropsychiatric disorders requires scientific progress on a broad front. Animal models have a vital role to play in advancing the field. When deployed in conjunction with detailed study of these diseases in man they bring the power to make controlled experimental interventions which allow the functional consequences of genetic variations and polymorphisms to be understood in terms of their cellular, systems and behavioural effects. Further, they provide a means by which complex cognitive and behavioural phenomena may be dissected and understood. Finally, they provide a bridge to understanding the effects of drugs on the functioning of the central nervous system, thereby improving our understanding of the actions of those drugs in man.