The Legacy Of Human Rights Violations In The Southern Cone

Author: Luis Roniger
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191585246
Size: 62.67 MB
Format: PDF
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The new democracies of the Southern Cone have publicly professed to reject and condemn the uses of the state power in various forms against citizens under military rule, thus dissociating themselves from their predecessors. And yet the experiences of military rule have become a grim legacy, raising major issues and dilemmas to the forefront of the public agenda. The Legacy of Human Rights Violations in the Southern Cone: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay analyses in a systematic and comparative way the struggles and debates, the institutional paths and crises that took place in these societies following redemocratization in the 1980s and 1990s, as they confronted the legacy of violations committed under previous authoritarian governments and as the democratic administrations tried to balance normative principles and political contingency. The book also traces how these trends affected the development of politics of oblivion and memory and the restructuring of collective identity and solidarity following redemocratization. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. The series will concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series will primarily be Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia.

Human Rights And Democratization In Latin America

Author: Alexandra Barahona de Brito
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198280386
Size: 63.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6534
This insightful new work analyses the attempts by Chile and Uruguay to resolve the human rights violations conflicts inherited from military dictatorships. The author focuses on how the post-transitional democratic governments dealt with demmands for official recognition of the truth about the human rights violations committed by the military regimes and for punishment of those guilty of committing or ordering those offences. Alexandra DeBrito sheds light on the political conditions which permitted - or prevented - the politics of truth-telling and justice under these successor regimes. This is the first study to make comparative assessment of human rights abuse in Uruguay and Chile in this way. The author contends that the experiences of these countries offer formative examples of attempts to tackle fundamental aspects of the policies of transition and democratization. She makes an original contribution to our understanding of the key political, legal, and moral issues involved.

Human Rights In The Americas

Author: James T. Lawrence
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781590339343
Size: 32.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 334
The existence of human rights helps secure the peace, deter aggression, promote the rule of law, combat crime and corruption, and prevent humanitarian crises. These human rights include freedom from torture, freedom of expression, press freedom, women's rights, children's rights, and the protection of minorities. This book surveys the countries of the Americas and is augmented by a current bibliography and useful indexes by subject, title and author.

Left In Transformation

Author: Vania Markarian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135499365
Size: 37.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 741
This book takes an innovative look at international relations. Focusing on the worldwide campaign against abuses by the right-wing authoritarian regime in Uruguay (1973-1984), it explores how norms and ideas interact with political interests, both global and domestic. It examines joint actions by differently-motivated actors such as the leftist activists who had to flee Uruguay in these years, the Organization of American States, The United Nations, Amnesty International, and the United States. It traces language and procedures for making their claims. The chief goal, however, is to peruse the specific reasons that led these actors to endorse the central core of liberal rights that gave foundation to this system. A close examination of the available documents shows that even as they joined efforts to protest abuses, they were still pursuing their individual agendas, which is often overlooked in the existing scholarship on human rights transnational activism. The book pays special attention to the Uruguayan exiles, analyzing why and how leftist activists and leaders adopted the human rights language, which had so far been used to attack communism in the context of the Cold War.


Author: Laurence Whitehead
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199253285
Size: 16.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 382
'Whitehead writes in a thoughtful and often illuminating way.' -Times Higher Education SupplementDemocratization has swept the globe over the past generation, and analysts and policy makers have been struggling to keep up. Bookshelves have been filled with case studies and assessments of this kaleidoscope of experiences, and a related scholarly community has developed seeking to systematize all this material in accordance with well-defined schemas and causal models. But experience keeps wrong-footing the country analysts, so in this fresh interpretation the author goes back to foundational issues. He argues that democratization is best understood as a complex, long-term, dynamic, and open-ended process extending over generations. Standard models of causal explanation need to be supplemented by more interpretative approaches. Basic questions of citizen security, the nature of public accountability and the role of money as a source of political power need reconsideration. The delicate balance between monetary authority and democratic consent is also examined in the light of the financial crises that have afflicted so many new democracies. This book proposes a range of new perspectives on the complex linkages between democratization and state formation, on the logic of paired comparisons and comparisons between large regions of the world and on the relationship between democratic ideals and 'really existing' democratic outcomes. It aims to equip those caught up in democratization and democracy promotion with a more realistic understanding of the tensions and turbulence involved.

The International Dimensions Of Democratization

Author: Laurence Whitehead
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019828036X
Size: 18.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Seven of 14 chapters deal with the Americas, three others provide analytic context (four treat democratization in Europe). In Americas-specific chapters, leading scholars address themes related to Caribbean democracy, US human rights policy and 'political development assistance,' international political party associations, and international dimensions of development in Brazil and Chile"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

The European Union And The Promotion Of Democracy

Author: Richard Youngs
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191529281
Size: 36.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3847
This book assesses European Union policies aimed at encouraging democratization in East Asia and the North African and Middle Eastern States within the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership - these two regions being the source of some of the strongest conceptual challenges to 'Western' liberal democracy since the end of the cold war. The book addresses theoretical debates over the international dimensions of political change and the EU's characteristics as an international actor. The factors both driving and inhibiting European democracy promotion policies are explored. The book outlines the EU's distinctive bottom-up philosophy, aimed at constructing the socio-economic and ideational foundations for political liberalization, but argues that the EU has in practice failed to develop a fully comprehensive and coherent democracy promotion strategy.

South America Central America And The Caribbean 2003

Author: Europa Publications
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781857431384
Size: 26.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4763
Introductory surveys cover topics of regional importance; individual country chapters include analysis, statistics and directory information; plus information on regional organizations

The Memory Of State Terrorism In The Southern Cone

Author: F. Lessa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230118623
Size: 70.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4071
Through various lenses and theoretical approaches, this book explores the contested experiences, meanings, realms, goals, and challenges associated with the construction, preservation, and transmission of the memories of state repression in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.

Exile Diaspora And Return

Author: Luis Roniger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190693967
Size: 79.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2556
"During the late 20th and early 21st centuries, dictatorships in Latin America hastened the outward movement of intellectuals, academics, artists, and political and social activists to other countries. Following the coups that toppled democratically elected governments or curtailed parliamentary oversight, the incoming military or civilian-military administrations assumed that, by forcing those aligned with opposition movements out of the country, they would assure their control of politics and domestic public spheres. Yet, by creating or enlarging a diaspora of co-nationals, the authoritarian rulers merely extrapolated internal dissent and conflicts, emboldening opposition forces beyond their national borders. Displaced individuals soon had a presence in many host countries, gaining the support of solidarity circles and advocacy networks that condemned authoritarianism and worked along with exiles and internal resistance towards the restoration of electoral democracy. This is the first systematic analysis of the movement of individuals who have made a substantive mark on the development of post-authoritarian politics, society and culture in the Southern Cone of the Americas, specifically Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay. It argues that political exile and expatriation have generated new awareness to the lack of convergence between national identities and the territorial boundaries of the nation-state, and also had profound effects on intellectual and political life in the countries of origin"--