The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials 1871 1872

Author: Lou Falkner Williams
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820326597
Size: 41.54 MB
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It is remarkable that the most serious intervention by the federal government to protect the rights of its new African American citizens during Reconstruction (and well beyond) has not, until now, received systematic scholarly study. In The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials, Lou Falkner Williams presents a comprehensive account of the events following the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the Reconstruction era. It is a gripping story--one that helps us better understand the limits of constitutional change in post-Civil War America and the failure of Reconstruction. The South Carolina Klan trials represent the culmination of the federal government's most substantial effort during Reconstruction to stop white violence and provide personal security for African Americans. Federal interventions, suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties, widespread undercover investigations, and highly publicized trials resulting in the conviction of several Klansmen are all detailed in Williams's study. When the trials began, the Supreme Court had yet to interpret the Fourteenth Amendment and the Enforcement Acts. Thus the fourth federal circuit court became a forum for constitutional experimentation as the prosecution and defense squared off to present their opposing views. The fate of the individual Klansmen was almost incidental to the larger constitutional issues in these celebrated trials. It was the federal judge's devotion to state-centered federalism--not a lack of concern for the Klan's victims--that kept them from embracing constitutional doctrine that would have fundamentally altered the nature of the Union. Placing the Klan trials in the context of postemancipation race relations, Williams shows that the Klan's campaign of terror in the upcountry reflected white determination to preserve prewar racial and social standards. Her analysis of Klan violence against women breaks new ground, revealing that white women were attacked to preserve traditional southern sexual mores, while crimes against black women were designed primarily to demonstrate white male supremacy. Well-written, cogently argued, and clearly presented, this comprehensive account of the Klan uprising in the South Carolina piedmont in the late 1860s and early 1870s makes a significant contribution to the history of Reconstruction and race relations in the United States.

Local Matters

Author: Christopher Waldrep
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082034205X
Size: 50.26 MB
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Much of the current reassessment of race, culture, and criminal justice in the nineteenth-century South has been based on intensive community studies. Drawing on previously untapped sources, the nine original papers collected here represent some of the best new work on how racial justice can be shaped by the particulars of time and place. Although each essay is anchored in the local, several important larger themes emerge across the volume--such as the importance of personality and place, the movement of former slaves from the capriciousness of "plantation justice" to the (theoretically) more evenhanded processes of the courts, and the increased presence of government in daily aspects of American life. Local Matters cites a wide range of examples to support these themes. One essay considers the case of a quasi-free slave in Natchez, Mississippi--himself a slaveowner--who was "reined in" by his master through the courts, while another shows how federal aims were subverted during trials held in the aftermath of the 1876 race riots in Ellenton, South Carolina. Other topics covered include the fear of black criminality as a motivation of Klan activity; the career of Thomas Ruffin, slaveowner and North Carolina Supreme Court Justice; blacks and the ballot in Washington County, Texas; the overturned murder conviction of a North Carolina slave who had killed a white man; the formation of a powerful white bloc in Vicksburg, Mississippi; agitation by black and white North Carolina women for greater protections from abusive white male elites; and slaves, crime, and the common law in New Orleans. Together, these studies offer new insights into the nature of law and the fate of due process at different stages of a highly racialized society.

The Harvard Guide To African American History

Author: Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674002760
Size: 49.90 MB
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Compiles information and interpretations on the past 500 years of African American history, containing essays on historical research aids, bibliographies, resources for womens' issues, and an accompanying CD-ROM providing bibliographical entries.

America History And Life

Author: Eric H. Boehm
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 17.32 MB
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

1877

Author: Michael Bellesiles
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 159558594X
Size: 11.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In 1877, a decade after the Civil War, not only was the United States gripped by a deep depression, but the country was also in the throes of nearly unimaginable violence and upheaval marking the end of the brief period known as Reconstruction and a return to white rule across the South. In the wake of the contested presidential election of 1876, white supremacist mobs swept across the South, killing and driving out the last of the Reconstruction state governments. A strike involving millions of railroad workers turned violent as it spread from coast-to-coast, and for a moment seemed close to toppling the nation’s economic structure. In 1877, celebrated historian Michael Bellesiles reveals that the fires of that fated year also fueled a hothouse of cultural and intellectual innovation. Bellesiles relates the story of 1877 not just through dramatic events, but also through the lives of famous and little-known Americans.

The African American Odyssey Media Research Update

Author: Darlene Clark Hine
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780131899315
Size: 38.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The African-American Odyssey, Volume 1 is a clear and comprehensive narrative of African-American history, from its African roots to the late 1800s. This book discusses the journey of the African-American from slavery, abolition, and the quest for freedom, through the civil war, emancipation, and black reconstruction. This is an essential read for those interested in the whole of American history.

Black Resistance To The Ku Klux Klan In The Wake Of The Civil War

Author: Kwando Mbiassi Kinshasa
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786424672
Size: 57.46 MB
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"Focusing on the years of the Reconstruction, this volume examines the actions of the Ku Klux Klan between the years of 1865 and 1899. It explores how the organization sponsored and promoted violence against former slaves, and how that violence eventually

The African American Odyssey

Author: Darlene Clark Hine
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 13.16 MB
Format: PDF
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For one/two-semester, undergraduate courses in African-American History, African-American Studies, and United States History. The Media and Research update edition includes a new CD-ROM-bound into every book-- that includes over 150 primary source documents in African American history each accompanied by essay questions. In addition, the CD ROM also contains media-rich activities that explore key episodes and developments. Finally, free access to Research Navigator is included in the Evaluating Online resources booklet that is packaged with all new copies of the text. With it students can access this powerful research tool with one site. Written by leading scholars, The African-American Odyssey is a clear and comprehensive narrative of African-American history, from its African roots to the 21st century. This text places African-American history at the center, and in the context, of American History.