The Friar And The Cipher

Author: Lawrence Goldstone
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 0385515154
Size: 65.75 MB
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A compulsively readable account of the most mysterious manuscript in the world, one that has stumped the world’s greatest scholars and codebreakers. The Voynich Manuscript, a mysterious tome discovered in 1912 by the English book dealer Wilfrid Michael Voynich, has puzzled scholars for a century. A small six inches by nine inches, but over two hundred pages long, with odd illustrations of plants, astrological diagrams, and naked women, it is written in so indecipherable a language and contains so complicated a code that mathematicians, book collectors, linguists, and historians alike have yet to solve the mysteries contained within. However, in The Friar and the Cipher, the acclaimed bibliophiles and historians Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone describe, in fascinating detail, the theory that Roger Bacon, the noted thirteenth-century, pre-Copernican astronomer, was its author and that the perplexing alphabet was written in his hand. Along the way, they explain the many proposed solutions that scholars have put forth and the myriad attempts at labeling the manuscript's content, from Latin or Greek shorthand to Arabic numerals to ancient Ukrainian to a recipe for the elixir of life to good old-fashioned gibberish. As we journey across centuries, languages, and countries, we meet a cast of impassioned characters and case-crackers, including, of course, Bacon, whose own personal scientific contributions, Voynich author or not, were literally and figuratively astronomical. The Friar and the Cipher is a wonderfully entertaining and historically wide-ranging book that is one part The Code Book, one part Possession, and one part The Da Vinci Code and will appeal to bibliophiles and laypeople alike.

Unsolved

Author: Craig P. Bauer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400884799
Size: 64.48 MB
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A mathematical tour of some of the greatest unsolved ciphers of all time In 1953, a man was found dead from cyanide poisoning near the Philadelphia airport with a picture of a Nazi aircraft in his wallet. Taped to his abdomen was an enciphered message. In 1912, a book dealer named Wilfrid Voynich came into possession of an illuminated cipher manuscript once belonging to Emperor Rudolf II, who was obsessed with alchemy and the occult. Wartime codebreakers tried—and failed—to unlock the book's secrets, and it remains an enigma to this day. In this lively and entertaining book, Craig Bauer examines these and other vexing ciphers yet to be cracked. Some may reveal the identity of a spy or serial killer, provide the location of buried treasure, or expose a secret society—while others may be elaborate hoaxes. Unsolved! begins by explaining the basics of cryptology, and then explores the history behind an array of unsolved ciphers. It looks at ancient ciphers, ciphers created by artists and composers, ciphers left by killers and victims, Cold War ciphers, and many others. Some are infamous, like the ciphers in the Zodiac letters, while others were created purely as intellectual challenges by figures such as Nobel Prize–winning physicist Richard P. Feynman. Bauer lays out the evidence surrounding each cipher, describes the efforts of geniuses and eccentrics—in some cases both—to decipher it, and invites readers to try their hand at puzzles that have stymied so many others. Unsolved! takes readers from the ancient world to the digital age, providing an amazing tour of many of history's greatest unsolved ciphers.

The Medieval New

Author: Patricia Clare Ingham
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812291239
Size: 69.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Despite the prodigious inventiveness of the Middle Ages, the era is often characterized as deeply suspicious of novelty. But if poets and philosophers urged caution about the new, Patricia Clare Ingham contends, their apprehension was less the result of a blind devotion to tradition than a response to radical expansions of possibility in diverse realms of art and science. Discovery and invention provoked moral questions in the Middle Ages, serving as a means to adjudicate the ethics of invention and opening thorny questions of creativity and desire. The Medieval New concentrates on the preoccupation with newness and novelty in literary, scientific, and religious discourses of the twelfth through sixteenth centuries. Examining a range of evidence, from the writings of Roger Bacon and Geoffrey Chaucer to the letters of Christopher Columbus, and attending to histories of children's toys, the man-made marvels of romance, the utopian aims of alchemists, and the definitional precision of the scholastics, Ingham analyzes the ethical ambivalence with which medieval thinkers approached the category of the new. With its broad reconsideration of what the "newfangled" meant in the Middle Ages, The Medieval New offers an alternative to histories that continue to associate the medieval era with conservation rather than with novelty, its benefits and liabilities. Calling into question present-day assumptions about newness, Ingham's study demonstrates the continued relevance of humanistic inquiry in the so-called traditional disciplines of contemporary scholarship.

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Size: 62.10 MB
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The Complete Voynich Manuscript Reference Edition

Author: Dr. Jay Winter
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329800273
Size: 33.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This digitally enhanced version of the full Voynich Manuscript (VM) has been packaged in a 22.5MB ePUB and made highly accessible to researchers. With page formatting setup in individual XML files with one Voynich page each this reference edition establishes the feeling that you are actually reading the VM. Included is a brief introduction, external sources to consider, and information regarding a VM think tank for active researchers. The VM has been organized into a "no-impression" style presentation; no references to any possible theory or suggestion is presented with each page itself, only a page number and the actual VM page - no additional, possibly distracting or incorrect data presentations. Designed as a standard reference material for the researcher on the go this edition is to assist in the global decoding effort.

The Complete Voynich Manuscript Digitally Enhanced Researchers Edition

Author: Dr. Jay Winter
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329607740
Size: 48.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The world's most mysterious literary enigma has now been digitally remastered and packaged into an eBook to assist researchers in decoding it comfortably on their tablets. Imaging has been enhanced and optimized into a 22mb ePUB as well as organized into a reference material style paging system. This version is intended to make the Voynich Manuscript (VM) more widely available to researchers by giving them easy access to the full enhanced book on a very mobile tablet platform. Designed for the researcher on the go or for any intellectual seeking to get away from their computer screen for awhile. With a brief introduction for new comers to the VM as well as a list of theories and access to a Voynich online thinktank community this book intends to assist in the global decoding effort. This cover to cover version of the VM was made primarily for those seriously invested in deciphering the VM and is intended to aid those in their quest to unlock the secrets of the world's most mysterious book.

Great Lives From History Abbas Ibn Firnas Philip Emeagwali

Author: Alvin K. Benson
Publisher: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9781587655234
Size: 65.10 MB
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Provides in-depth critical essays on important men and women in all areas of achievement, from around the world and throughout history, and includes 409 essays covering 413 individual inventors (including 27 women).--From publisher's note, p. vii.

Choice

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Size: 43.23 MB
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Manoscritto Voynich E Castel Del Monte

Author: Giuseppe Fallacara
Publisher: Gangemi Editore Spa
ISBN: 8849277490
Size: 31.84 MB
Format: PDF
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Sono rimasto colpito dalla interpretazione che Fallacara e Occhinegro danno dei disegni contenuti nel folio 85r-2 come meta—progetto di Castel del Monte: se si assume questa chiave di lettura, tutto sembra andare al suo posto nella realizzazione architettonica, disvelando il complesso programma simbolico, scientifico, esoterico e funzionale che ne fu alla base: la complessa "macchina idraulica" federiciana, unico esempio del medioevo occidentale, composta intrinsecamente di tubazioni, canalizzazioni, sanitari, docce, camini ed altro sembra essere a tutti gli effetti la trasposizione reale e concreta di ciò che viene "descritto" nelle pagine del Manoscritto Voynich. I was particularly impressed by the authors interpretation of folio 85 1-2 [of the Voynich Manuscript] as a meta-project of Castel del Monte. With this illustration as a key to reading the monument, everything falls into place: the architectural design is revealed in its full symbolic, scientific, esoteric and functional nature. Frederick ll's "hydraulic machine", a unique exemplum in Western Medieval architecture, made of pipes, tubes, channels, cisterns, showers and fireplaces, does indeed appear as the concrete transposition of that which is 'described' in the Voynich Manuscript of real and tangible what is "described" in the pages of the Voynich Manuscript.