The Friar And The Cipher

Author: Lawrence Goldstone
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 0385515154
Size: 32.30 MB
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A compulsively readable account of the most mysterious manuscript in the world, one that has stumped the world’s greatest scholars and codebreakers. The Voynich Manuscript, a mysterious tome discovered in 1912 by the English book dealer Wilfrid Michael Voynich, has puzzled scholars for a century. A small six inches by nine inches, but over two hundred pages long, with odd illustrations of plants, astrological diagrams, and naked women, it is written in so indecipherable a language and contains so complicated a code that mathematicians, book collectors, linguists, and historians alike have yet to solve the mysteries contained within. However, in The Friar and the Cipher, the acclaimed bibliophiles and historians Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone describe, in fascinating detail, the theory that Roger Bacon, the noted thirteenth-century, pre-Copernican astronomer, was its author and that the perplexing alphabet was written in his hand. Along the way, they explain the many proposed solutions that scholars have put forth and the myriad attempts at labeling the manuscript's content, from Latin or Greek shorthand to Arabic numerals to ancient Ukrainian to a recipe for the elixir of life to good old-fashioned gibberish. As we journey across centuries, languages, and countries, we meet a cast of impassioned characters and case-crackers, including, of course, Bacon, whose own personal scientific contributions, Voynich author or not, were literally and figuratively astronomical. The Friar and the Cipher is a wonderfully entertaining and historically wide-ranging book that is one part The Code Book, one part Possession, and one part The Da Vinci Code and will appeal to bibliophiles and laypeople alike.

Dark Bargain

Author: Lawrence Goldstone
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781985665163
Size: 69.81 MB
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On September 17, 1787, at the State House in Philadelphia, thirty-nine men from twelve states, after months of often bitter debate, signed America's Constitution. Yet very few of the delegates, at the start, had had any intention of creating a nation that would last. Most were driven more by pragmatic, regional interests than by idealistic vision. Many were meeting for the first time, others after years of contention, and the inevitable clash of personalities would be as intense as the advocacy of ideas or ideals. No issue was of greater concern to the delegates than that of slavery: it resounded through debates on the definition of treason, the disposition of the rich lands west of the Alleghenies and the admission of new states, representation and taxation, the need for a national census, and the very make-up of the legislative and executive branches of the new government. As is provocatively made clear in Dark Bargain, "to a significant and disquieting degree, America's most sacred document was molded and shaped by the most notorious institution in its history." Dark Bargain chronicles the forging of the Constitution through the prism of the crucial compromises made by men consumed with the needs of the slave economy. As the daily debates and backroom conferences in inns and taverns stretched through July and August of that hot summer--and as the philosophical leadership of James Madison waned--Lawrence Goldstone clearly reveals how tenuous the document was, and how an agreement between unlikely collaborators--John Rutledge of South Carolina, and Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut--got the delegates past their most difficult point. Dark Bargain recounts an event as dramatic and compelling as any in our nation's history.

Unsolved

Author: Craig P. Bauer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400884799
Size: 44.51 MB
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A mathematical tour of some of the greatest unsolved ciphers of all time In 1953, a man was found dead from cyanide poisoning near the Philadelphia airport with a picture of a Nazi aircraft in his wallet. Taped to his abdomen was an enciphered message. In 1912, a book dealer named Wilfrid Voynich came into possession of an illuminated cipher manuscript once belonging to Emperor Rudolf II, who was obsessed with alchemy and the occult. Wartime codebreakers tried—and failed—to unlock the book's secrets, and it remains an enigma to this day. In this lively and entertaining book, Craig Bauer examines these and other vexing ciphers yet to be cracked. Some may reveal the identity of a spy or serial killer, provide the location of buried treasure, or expose a secret society—while others may be elaborate hoaxes. Unsolved! begins by explaining the basics of cryptology, and then explores the history behind an array of unsolved ciphers. It looks at ancient ciphers, ciphers created by artists and composers, ciphers left by killers and victims, Cold War ciphers, and many others. Some are infamous, like the ciphers in the Zodiac letters, while others were created purely as intellectual challenges by figures such as Nobel Prize–winning physicist Richard P. Feynman. Bauer lays out the evidence surrounding each cipher, describes the efforts of geniuses and eccentrics—in some cases both—to decipher it, and invites readers to try their hand at puzzles that have stymied so many others. Unsolved! takes readers from the ancient world to the digital age, providing an amazing tour of many of history's greatest unsolved ciphers.

The Medieval New

Author: Patricia Clare Ingham
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812291239
Size: 63.50 MB
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Despite the prodigious inventiveness of the Middle Ages, the era is often characterized as deeply suspicious of novelty. But if poets and philosophers urged caution about the new, Patricia Clare Ingham contends, their apprehension was less the result of a blind devotion to tradition than a response to radical expansions of possibility in diverse realms of art and science. Discovery and invention provoked moral questions in the Middle Ages, serving as a means to adjudicate the ethics of invention and opening thorny questions of creativity and desire. The Medieval New concentrates on the preoccupation with newness and novelty in literary, scientific, and religious discourses of the twelfth through sixteenth centuries. Examining a range of evidence, from the writings of Roger Bacon and Geoffrey Chaucer to the letters of Christopher Columbus, and attending to histories of children's toys, the man-made marvels of romance, the utopian aims of alchemists, and the definitional precision of the scholastics, Ingham analyzes the ethical ambivalence with which medieval thinkers approached the category of the new. With its broad reconsideration of what the "newfangled" meant in the Middle Ages, The Medieval New offers an alternative to histories that continue to associate the medieval era with conservation rather than with novelty, its benefits and liabilities. Calling into question present-day assumptions about newness, Ingham's study demonstrates the continued relevance of humanistic inquiry in the so-called traditional disciplines of contemporary scholarship.

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Size: 41.60 MB
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The Complete Voynich Manuscript Reference Edition

Author: Dr. Jay Winter
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329800273
Size: 73.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This digitally enhanced version of the full Voynich Manuscript (VM) has been packaged in a 22.5MB ePUB and made highly accessible to researchers. With page formatting setup in individual XML files with one Voynich page each this reference edition establishes the feeling that you are actually reading the VM. Included is a brief introduction, external sources to consider, and information regarding a VM think tank for active researchers. The VM has been organized into a "no-impression" style presentation; no references to any possible theory or suggestion is presented with each page itself, only a page number and the actual VM page - no additional, possibly distracting or incorrect data presentations. Designed as a standard reference material for the researcher on the go this edition is to assist in the global decoding effort.

The Complete Voynich Manuscript Digitally Enhanced Researchers Edition

Author: Dr. Jay Winter
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 1329607740
Size: 20.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The world's most mysterious literary enigma has now been digitally remastered and packaged into an eBook to assist researchers in decoding it comfortably on their tablets. Imaging has been enhanced and optimized into a 22mb ePUB as well as organized into a reference material style paging system. This version is intended to make the Voynich Manuscript (VM) more widely available to researchers by giving them easy access to the full enhanced book on a very mobile tablet platform. Designed for the researcher on the go or for any intellectual seeking to get away from their computer screen for awhile. With a brief introduction for new comers to the VM as well as a list of theories and access to a Voynich online thinktank community this book intends to assist in the global decoding effort. This cover to cover version of the VM was made primarily for those seriously invested in deciphering the VM and is intended to aid those in their quest to unlock the secrets of the world's most mysterious book.

Warmly Inscribed

Author: Lawrence Goldstone
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312262686
Size: 41.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Writings on the world of books and book collecting include a personal tour of the Library of Congress, trips to the Folger Shakespeare Library and Yale's Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and stories of famous forgeries.

The Voynich Manuscript

Author: Archival Reprint Company
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781619810914
Size: 62.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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ARCHIVAL REPRINT: LIMITED EDITION

Great Lives From History Abbas Ibn Firnas Philip Emeagwali

Author: Alvin K. Benson
Publisher: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9781587655234
Size: 38.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides in-depth critical essays on important men and women in all areas of achievement, from around the world and throughout history, and includes 409 essays covering 413 individual inventors (including 27 women).--From publisher's note, p. vii.