The Evolution Of Plants

Author: Kathy Willis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019929223X
Size: 66.94 MB
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Blends evidence from the fossil record and data from biomolecular studies to tell the story of plant evolution from the earliest forms of life to the present day. Its straightforward explanations and clear illustrations provide the most accessible introduction to plant evolution available.

Paleobotany And The Evolution Of Plants

Author: Wilson Nichols Stewart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521382946
Size: 36.54 MB
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This 1993 textbook describes and explains the origin and evolution of plants as revealed by the fossil record.

The Evolution Of Plant Physiology

Author: Alan R. Hemsley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472720
Size: 36.52 MB
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Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

The Evolutionary Biology Of Plants

Author: Karl J. Niklas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226580838
Size: 69.55 MB
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Provides a comprehensive synthesis of modern evolutionary biology as it relates to plants. This text recounts the saga of plant life from its origins to the radiation of the flowering plants. Through computer-generated "walks" it shows how living plants might have evolved.

The Diversity And Evolution Of Plants

Author: Lorentz C. Pearson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849324833
Size: 46.55 MB
Format: PDF
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This exciting new textbook examines the concepts of evolution as the underlying cause of the rich diversity of life on earth-and our danger of losing that rich diversity. Written as a college textbook, The Diversity and Evolution of Plants introduces the great variety of life during past ages, manifested by the fossil record, using a new natural classification system. It begins in the Proterozoic Era, when bacteria and bluegreen algae first appeared, and continues through the explosions of new marine forms in the Helikian and Hadrynian Periods, land plants in the Devonian, and flowering plants in the Cretaceous. Following an introduction, the three subkingdoms of plants are discussed. Each chapter covers one of the eleven divisions of plants and begins with an interesting vignette of a plant typical of that division. A section on each of the classes within the division follows. Each section describes where the groups of plants are found and their distinguishing features. Discussions in each section include phylogeny and classification, general morphology, and physiology, ecological significance, economic uses, and potential for research. Suggested readings and student exercises are found at the end of each chapter.

Life History Evolution In Plants

Author: Timo Olavi Vuorisalo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402002793
Size: 70.87 MB
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"The lack of discussion of the life histories of modular organisms is the weakness of this book that I most regret. . . . Modular organisms are different. " S. C. Steams: The Evolution of Life Histories (1992) Life-history theory endeavours to increase our understanding of the processe,s whereby the broad features of the life cycles of organisms, such as the timing and magnitude of reproduction, have evolved. Although reproductive traits have dominated as study objects due to their immediate importance for evolutionary success, much work has also been conducted on patterns of development, growth and senescence, as well as on the shifts in resource allocation related to these processes. The basic axiom of life-history theory is that patterns of life histories, such as reproductive traits, are subject to evolutionary explanation. This idea can be traced back at least as far as Darwin's Origin of Species (1859). In his discussion of plant domestication, Darwin wrote: "I cannot doubt that the continued selection of slight variations, either in the leaves, the flowers, or the fruit, will produce races differing from each other chiefly in these characters". Darwin was impressed by the success of plant breeders in moulding the growth and reproductive parameters of cultivated plants, and believed that natural selection could have a similar impact in natural populations.

Evolution Of Plant Pollinator Relationships

Author: Sébastien Patiny
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113950407X
Size: 11.33 MB
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What are the evolutionary mechanisms and ecological implications behind a pollinator choosing its favourite flower? Sixty-five million years of evolution has created the complex and integrated system which we see today and understanding the interactions involved is key to environmental sustainability. Examining pollination relationships from an evolutionary perspective, this book covers both botanical and zoological aspects. It addresses the puzzling question of co-speciation and co-evolution and the complexity of the relationships between plant and pollinator, the development of which is examined through the fossil record. Additional chapters are dedicated to the evolution of floral displays and signalling, as well as their role in pollination syndromes and the building of pollination networks. Wide-ranging in its coverage, it outlines current knowledge and complex emerging topics, demonstrating how advances in research methods are applied to pollination biology.

Plant Evolution

Author: Karl J. Niklas
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022634228X
Size: 57.14 MB
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Although plants comprise more than 90% of all visible life, and land plants and algae collectively make up the most morphologically, physiologically, and ecologically diverse group of organisms on earth, books on evolution instead tend to focus on animals. This organismal bias has led to an incomplete and often erroneous understanding of evolutionary theory. Because plants grow and reproduce differently than animals, they have evolved differently, and generally accepted evolutionary views—as, for example, the standard models of speciation—often fail to hold when applied to them. Tapping such wide-ranging topics as genetics, gene regulatory networks, phenotype mapping, and multicellularity, as well as paleobotany, Karl J. Niklas’s Plant Evolution offers fresh insight into these differences. Following up on his landmark book The Evolutionary Biology of Plants—in which he drew on cutting-edge computer simulations that used plants as models to illuminate key evolutionary theories—Niklas incorporates data from more than a decade of new research in the flourishing field of molecular biology, conveying not only why the study of evolution is so important, but also why the study of plants is essential to our understanding of evolutionary processes. Niklas shows us that investigating the intricacies of plant development, the diversification of early vascular land plants, and larger patterns in plant evolution is not just a botanical pursuit: it is vital to our comprehension of the history of all life on this green planet.

The Art Of Plant Evolution

Author: W. John Kress
Publisher: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
ISBN:
Size: 59.59 MB
Format: PDF
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‘Art meets science’ in this beautiful book that aims to give readers a sense of some contemporary scientific discoveries that are changing our understanding of plant relationships.136 botanical paintings from the Shirley Sherwood Collection, by 84 artists, cover 50 orders of plants in 118 families, and a total of 133 species, providing a sweeping overview of the evolution of plants on earth.The paintings display a sampling of the plant world from fungi to daisies, including algae, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants arranged in the most up to date evolutionary sequence, determined by recent DNA analysis.The text places each artist’s observations as displayed in the paintings, in the context of modern plant classification, providing readers with a new understanding of the complex interrelationships between plant species, and enhancing their appreciation of the botanical artist’s ability to portray the delicate beauty of nature.This publication is based on an exhibition in the Shirley Sherwood Gallery of Botanical Art at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, running from August to December 2009, to celebrate Kew’s 250th anniversary and Darwin’s bicentenary.

Annual Plant Reviews The Evolution Of Plant Form

Author: Barbara A. Ambrose
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111825385X
Size: 30.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Evolution of Plant Form, an exciting volume in Wiley-Blackwell's Annual plant Reviews, approaches the subject from a diversity of scientific perspectives, bringing together studies of genomics, palaeobotany, developmental genetics and ecological genetics. Written by many of the World's most widely recognised and respected researchers and drawn together and edited by Professors Barbara Ambrose and Michael Purugganan, this exciting volume is an essential purchase for plant scientists, evolutionary biologists, geneticists, taxonomists, ecologists and population biologists. For libraries in universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught.