The Earth Machine

Author: Edmond A. Mathez
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231125796
Size: 54.37 MB
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From the scorching center of Earth's core to the outer limits of its atmosphere, from the gradual process of erosion that carved the Grand Canyon to the earth-shaking fury of volcanoes and earthquakes, this fascinating book-inspired by the award-winning Hall of Planet Earth at New York City's American Museum of Natural History-tells the story of the evolution of our planet and of the science that makes it work. With the same exuberance and expertise they brought to the creation of the Hall of Planet Earth, Edmond A. Mathez and James D. Webster explore the major factors in our planet's evolution: how Earth emerged from the swirling dusts of a nascent solar system; how an oxygen-rich, life-sustaining atmosphere developed; how continents, mountain ranges, and oceans formed; and how earthquakes and volcanic eruptions alter Earth's surface. By incorporating stories of real-life fieldwork, Mathez and Webster explain how Earth is capable of supporting life, how even the smallest rocks can hold the key to explaining the formation of mountains, and how scientists have learned to read nature's subtle clues and interpret Earth's ever-evolving narrative.

The Story Of Western Science From The Writings Of Aristotle To The Big Bang Theory

Author: Susan Wise Bauer
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393243273
Size: 80.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A riveting road map to the development of modern scientific thought. In the tradition of her perennial bestseller The Well-Educated Mind, Susan Wise Bauer delivers an accessible, entertaining, and illuminating springboard into the scientific education you never had. Far too often, public discussion of science is carried out by journalists, voters, and politicians who have received their science secondhand. The Story of Western Science shows us the joy and importance of reading groundbreaking science writing for ourselves and guides us back to the masterpieces that have changed the way we think about our world, our cosmos, and ourselves. Able to be referenced individually, or read together as the narrative of Western scientific development, the book's twenty-eight succinct chapters lead readers from the first science texts by Hippocrates, Plato, and Aristotle through twentieth-century classics in biology, physics, and cosmology. The Story of Western Science illuminates everything from mankind's earliest inquiries to the butterfly effect, from the birth of the scientific method to the rise of earth science and the flowering of modern biology. Each chapter recommends one or more classic books and provides entertaining accounts of crucial contributions to science, vivid sketches of the scientist-writers, and clear explanations of the mechanics underlying each concept. The Story of Western Science reveals science to be a dramatic undertaking practiced by some of history's most memorable characters. It reminds us that scientific inquiry is a human pursuit—an essential, often deeply personal, sometimes flawed, frequently brilliant way of understanding the world. The Story of Western Science is an "entertaining and unique synthesis" (Times Higher Education), a "fluidly written" narrative that "celebrates the inexorable force of human curiosity" (Wall Street Journal), and a "bright, informative resource for readers seeking to understand science through the eyes of the men and women who shaped its history" (Kirkus). Previously published as The Story of Science.

The Restoration Of Flaws The Phantom Of The Earth Book Five

Author: Raeden Zen
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
ISBN: 132979043X
Size: 65.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In THE RESTORATION OF FLAWS, with the Liberation Front scattered in the East and much of the Leadership deceased or in custody, the situation for Jeremiah and Lady Verena is dire. Captain Broden Barão has been exiled to the Lower Level, while Supreme Scientist Heywood Querice reluctantly accepts Antosha's new strike team, which will execute the commonwealth's most daring mission ever. Antosha's new protégé, Champion Oriana Barão, fights her way through time and space to discover the truth about her family, Reassortment, and its cure. The actions of the few will determine the fate of the many in The Restoration of Flaws, the explosive fifth book of The Phantom of the Earth.

Rising Seas

Author: Vivien Gornitz
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519206
Size: 79.47 MB
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The Earth’s climate is already warming due to increased concentrations of human-produced greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and the specter of rising sea level is one of global warming’s most far-reaching threats. Sea level will keep rising long after greenhouse gas emissions have ceased, because of the delay in penetration of surface warming to the ocean depths and because of the slow dissipation of excess atmospheric carbon dioxide. Adopting a long perspective that interprets sea level changes both underway and expected in the near future, Vivien Gornitz completes a highly relevant and necessary study of an unprecedented age in Earth’s history. Gornitz consults past climate archives to help better anticipate future developments and prepare for them more effectively. She focuses on several understudied historical events, including the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Anomaly, the Messinian salinity crisis, the rapid filling of the Black Sea (which may have inspired the story of Noah’s flood), and the Storrega submarine slide, an incident possibly connected to a sea level occurrence roughly 8,000 years old. By examining dramatic variations in past sea level and climate, Gornitz concretizes the potential consequences of rapid, human-induced warming. She builds historical precedent for coastal hazards associated with a higher ocean level, such as increased damage from storm surge flooding, even if storm characteristics remain unchanged. Citing the examples of Rotterdam, London, New York City, and other forward-looking urban centers that are effectively preparing for higher sea level, Gornitz also delineates the difficult economic and political choices of curbing carbon emissions while underscoring, through past geological analysis, the urgent need to do so.

Rare Earth

Author: Peter D. Ward
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387218483
Size: 51.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

Climate Change

Author: Edmond Mathez
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780231172837
Size: 41.11 MB
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This second edition of Climate Change is an accessible and comprehensive guide to the science behind global warming. Edmond A. Mathez and Jason E. Smerdon provide a broad, informative introduction to the science that underlies our understanding of the climate system and the effects of human activity on the warming of our planet.

Climate Change

Author: Edmond A. Mathez
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231518188
Size: 75.67 MB
Format: PDF
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Climate Change is geared toward a variety of students and general readers who seek the real science behind global warming. Exquisitely illustrated, the text introduces the basic science underlying both the natural progress of climate change and the effect of human activity on the deteriorating health of our planet. Noted expert and author Edmond A. Mathez synthesizes the work of leading scholars in climatology and related fields, and he concludes with an extensive chapter on energy production, anchoring this volume in economic and technological realities and suggesting ways to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. Climate Change opens with the climate system fundamentals: the workings of the atmosphere and ocean, their chemical interactions via the carbon cycle, and the scientific framework for understanding climate change. Mathez then brings the climate of the past to bear on our present predicament, highlighting the importance of paleoclimatology in understanding the current climate system. Subsequent chapters explore the changes already occurring around us and their implications for the future. In a special feature, Jason E. Smerdon, associate research scientist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, provides an innovative appendix for students.

Plate Tectonics

Author: Iain Stewart
Publisher: Michael Joseph
ISBN: 9780718187187
Size: 31.68 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Part of the new Ladybird Expert series, Plate Tectonicsis a clear, simple and entertaining introduction to what really goes on under the ground beneath our feet. Written by the celebrated geologist, lecturer and scientific presenter Iain Stewart, it explores Earth's building blocks and the theory that changed the way we look at the world. You'll learn about the puzzle pieces that make up the Earth today, monsoon-like currents in our planet's radioactive core, magnetic currents and how the ocean would look without water.