The Earliest Instrument

Author: Lana Neal
ISBN: 9781576472217
Size: 58.33 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2986
Flutes in upper paleolithic culture : an introduction -- Interpretation and classification of artifacts -- Chronological and geographical distribution of upper paleolithic flutes -- Engravings on the artifacts -- Archeological contexts -- Upper paleolithic art -- Comparative ethnography -- Birds and flutes in myth and folktale -- Birds, flutes, and divinities -- The flute in mythology -- The flute in folktales -- Epilogue

The Earliest Instrument

Author: Lana Carol Neal
Size: 46.12 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3579
The present study examines the earliest known musical instruments, Upper Paleolithic flutes. Flutes dating to the Upper Paleolithic period are the oldest musical instruments that have survived in the archeological record. These have been discovered at archeological sites in Europe dating from approximately 40,000 to 15,000 years ago. Although humans were most likely creating music prior to this time, the people who entered Europe approximately 40,000 years ago began to create musical instruments that have survived to the present day. This study investigates the significance and function of these instruments in Upper Paleolithic culture. Analysis of the artifacts is followed by discussions of archeological contexts, Upper Paleolithic art, ethnographic comparison, and the flute in mythology. Such diverse sources provide multiple layers of evidence regarding the role of the flute in Upper Paleolithic culture. The phallic shape of the instrument and the fact that it is played with the breath, also a symbol of life, connect the flute with the fertility of humans, plants, and animals, the cycle of life and death, and rebirth after death. There is evidence that the flute was intrinsically linked to these themes even in the Upper Paleolithic period, in which the flute was of vital significance, as it was magically imbued with the power to bestow life.

The Evolution Of Our Tribe

Author: Barbara Welker
Publisher: Open SUNY Textbooks
ISBN: 9781942341413
Size: 15.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6677
Where did we come from? What were our ancestors like? Why do we differ from other animals? How do scientists trace and construct our evolutionary history? The Evolution of Our Tribe: Hominini provides answers to these questions and more. The book explores the field of paleoanthropology past and present. Beginning over 65 million years ago, Welker traces the evolution of our species, the environments and selective forces that shaped our ancestors, their physical and cultural adaptations, and the people and places involved with their discovery and study. It is designed as a textbook for a course on Human Evolution but can also serve as an introductory text for relevant sections of courses in Biological or General Anthropology or general interest. It is both a comprehensive technical reference for relevant terms, theories, methods, and species and an overview of the people, places, and discoveries that have imbued paleoanthropology with such fascination, romance, and mystery.

History Of Humanity From The Third Millennium To The Seventh Century B C

Author: Sigfried J. de Laet
Publisher: UNESCO
ISBN: 9789231028113
Size: 20.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7302
The second volume covers the first two and a half thousand years of recorded history, from the start of the Bronze Age 5,000 years ago to the beginnings of the Iron Age. Written by a team of over sixty specialists, this volume includes a comprehensive bibliography and a detailed index.

Man And His Symbols

Author: C. G. Jung
Publisher: Dell
ISBN: 0307800555
Size: 26.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4632
Illustrated throughout with revealing images, this is the first and only work in which the world-famous Swiss psychologist explains to the layperson his enormously influential theory of symbolism as revealed in dreams. From the Paperback edition.

Philosophy In A New Key

Author: Susanne K. Langer
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039940
Size: 50.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 7646
Modern theories of meaning usually culminate in a critique of science. This book presents a study of human intelligence beginning with a semantic theory and leading into a critique of music. By implication it sets up a theory of all the arts; the transference of its basic concepts to other arts than music is not developed, but it is sketched, mainly in the chapter on artistic import. Thoughtful readers of the original edition discovered these far-reaching ideas quickly enough as the career of the book shows: it is as applicable to literature, art and music as to the field of philosophy itself. The topics it deals with are many: language, sacrament, myth, music, abstraction, fact, knowledge--to name only the main ones. But through them all goes the principal theme, symbolic transformation as the essential activity of human minds. This central idea, emphasizing as it does the notion of symbolism, brings Mrs. Langer's book into line with the prevailing interest in semantics. All profound issues of our age seem to center around the basic concepts of symbolism and meaning. The formative, creative, articulating power of symbols is the tonic chord which thinkers of all schools and many diverse fields are unmistakably striking; the surprising, far-reaching implications of this new fundamental conception constitute what Mrs. Langer has called "philosophy in a new key." Mrs. Langer's book brings the discussion of symbolism into a wider general use than criticism of word meaning. Her volume is vigorous, effective, and well written and will appeal to everyone interested in the contemporary problems of philosophy.

When Egypt Ruled The East

Author: George Steindorff
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022622855X
Size: 38.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5853
Here, adequately presented for the first time in English, is the fascinating story of a splendid culture that flourished thirty-five hundred years ago in the empire on the Nile: kings and conquests, gods and heroes, beautiful art, sculpture, poetry, architecture. Significant archeological discoveries are constantly being made in Egypt. In this revision Professor Steele has rewritten whole chapters on the basis of these new finds and offers several new conclusions to age-old problems.

The Anthropology Of Music

Author: Alan P. Merriam
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
ISBN: 9780810106079
Size: 26.46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 5676
This is a comprehensive approach to music from the point of view of anthropology. The author maintains that ethnomusicology, by definition, must not divorce the sound-analysis of music from its cultural context of people thinking, acting, and creating.