The Crisis Of Islamic Masculinities

Author: Amanullah De Sondy
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1780936931
Size: 39.22 MB
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Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.

Islamic Masculinities

Author: Lahoucine Ouzgane
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842772751
Size: 63.15 MB
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'We have waited a long time for a book on Muslim men and Islamic masculinities and now we have one. Lahoucine Ouzgane's timely collection covers the key debates about men and masculinity and includes discussion of violence, sexuality, spirituality and power.' - Professor Robert Morrell, School of Education, Faculty of Education, University of KwaZulu-Natal'Gender problems and gender justice concern men as intimately as they concern women. In recent years, studies of men and masculinities have developed rapidly around the world. Islamic Masculinities is a valuable contribution to this new branch of social science. It is also a challenge.' - R.W.Connell, University Professor at the University of Sydney and author of Masculinities and Gender'The wide-ranging and ground-breaking essays included in Ouzgane's thoughtful collection unequivocally demonstrate the diverse and suggestive complexity of both concepts and practices of Islamic masculinities, sexualities, and gender.' - Mary Layoun, Professor and Chair, Department of Comparative Literature, University of Wisconsin'Lahoucine Ouzgane has collated a powerful and impressive collection of essays, making an important and timely contribution to our understanding of men and masculinities. In an age when the complex relationship between Islam and gender has never been more critical, and yet never more susceptible to myth, Islamic Masculinities not only challenges prevalent stereotypes about Muslim men and women, but provides compelling insights into the dynamics of masculine identity construction.' - Stephen Whitehead, author of Men and Masculinities: Key themes and new directions

Islam Gender And Democracy In Comparative Perspective

Author: José Casanova
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019878855X
Size: 10.80 MB
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The relationship between secularism, democracy, religion, and gender equality has been a complex one across Western democracies and still remains contested. When we turn to Muslim countries, the situation is even more multifaceted. In the views of many western commentators, the question of Women Rights is the litmus test for Muslim societies in the age of democracy and liberalism. Especially since the Arab Awakening, the issue is usually framed as the opposition between liberal advocates of secular democracy and religious opponents of women's full equality. Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective critically re-engages this too simple binary opposition by reframing the debate around Islam and women's rights within a broader comparative literature. Bringing together leading scholars from a range of disciplines, it examines the complex and contingent historical relationships between religion, secularism, democracy, law, and gender equality. Part One addresses the nexus of religion, law, gender, and democracy through different disciplinary perspectives (sociology, anthropology, political science, law). Part Two localizes the implementation of this nexus between law, gender, and democracy and provides contextualized responses to questions raised in Part One. The contributors explore the situation of Muslim women's rights in minority conditions to shed light on the gender politics in the modernization of the nation and to ponder on the role of Islam in gender inequality across different Muslim countries.

Author: Τζούλιαν Μπαρνς
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180305609
Size: 75.93 MB
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Μάιος του 1937. Ένας τριαντάρης περιμένει δίπλα στον ανελκυστήρα μιας πολυκατοικίας του Λένινγκραντ. Περιμένει όλη τη νύχτα ότι ανά πάσα στιγμή θα τον οδηγήσουν στο Αρχηγείο της Υπηρεσίας Κρατικής Ασφάλειας. Καμιά από τις διασημότητες που γνώρισε την περασμένη δεκαετία δεν μπορεί τώρα να του φανεί χρήσιμη. Και ελάχιστοι από όσους οδηγούνται στο Αρχηγείο επιστρέφουν. Αυτή είναι η αφετηρία του νέου αριστουργηματικού μυθιστορήματος του Μπαρνς, μια ιστορία για τη σύγκρουση ζωής και τέχνης, το θάρρος, τη δειλία, και τον πόνο του αναπόφευκτου συμβιβασμού. Το βιβλίο αναφέρεται στη ζωή, το έργο του Ντμίτρι Σοστακόβιτς καθώς και στη σύγκρουσή του με το σταλινικό καθεστώς.

Muslim Masculinities In Australia

Author: Rachmad Hidayat
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 66.11 MB
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This study examined how migrant Muslim men's status as a religious minority in Australia affected their masculinities. It addressed the absence of literature of Muslim masculinities in Australia amidst the growing concern on Muslim men in Australia over their association with radical movements and questions over their loyalty to Australia as a nation. The project offered an analysis of the life experience of Muslim men as a minority in Australia through a gender lens. The study proposed an analytical framework based on the premise that masculinity is constructed through relationships (Connell 2005), specifying three contexts of relationships where Muslim masculinities are negotiated: Muslim men's relationship with the non-Muslim majority of Australian society; Muslim men's relationship with Muslim women; and a Muslim brotherhood. The framework was applied through a qualitative study exploring the life of 25 Southeast Asian Muslim men and the religious activities of five Muslim organisations. Employing in-depth interviews, group discussions, and participant observation, the project identified key aspects of negotiation of masculinity observed in the Muslim men's experience in work life, family life, and participation in religious communities. This study demonstrates that Muslim men's status as a minority has reinforced the religious aspect of their masculinities and bonding of brotherhood while weakening their traditional masculine power as the head or imam of family. Muslim men's status and awareness of being a minority and being different to the non-Muslim majority associated with White-Anglo does not imply their sense of being marginalised or experience of marginalisation in the society. Social encounters in the workplace lead to the reinforcement of religious consciousness and commitment among Muslim men as a response to a non-Muslim majority social environment that is typically regarded as suspicious and critical toward religion, secular or agnostic. This study indicates changes of power relation among the Muslim families and a crisis of men's masculine privilege. While the narrative of men as the head of family was firmly maintained, the men did not necessarily possess the cultural resources to enforce their authority. Mainstream family practices and the broader gender order in Australia, associated with values of individual freedom and equality alongside the need for family welfare, urged the men to adapt their practice of being leaders of the family. Experience in Australia also reinforced the bonding of brotherhood among the Muslim men. Religious communities centred in its male-only brotherhood network, became the most culturally-religiously comfortable context of relationship for the Muslim men to reclaim and regain their traditional religious status as the normative Muslims. The brotherhood provides a sense of belonging and identification of shared religious minority identity but superior gender identity. The study identified some key elements of Muslim masculinities including men's individual performance of religious piety, responses to their non-Muslim social surroundings, a sense of belonging to Australia, men's gender privilege, particularly status as the head of family, the narrative of womanhood, values of brotherhood, and the organisation of religious rituals. Future studies on Muslim masculinities in Australia and abroad are also suggested.

Al Qaeda S Global Crisis

Author: V. G. Julie Rajan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317645375
Size: 57.48 MB
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This book focuses on the crises facing Al Qaeda and how the mass killing of Muslims is challenging its credibility as a leader among Islamist jihadist organizations. The book argues that these crises are directly related to Al Qaeda’s affiliation with the extreme violence employed against Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the decade since 9/11. Al Qaeda’s public and private responses to this violence differ greatly. While in public Al Qaeda has justified those attacks declaring that, for the establishment of a state of ‘true believers’, they are a necessary evil, in private Al Qaeda has been advising its local affiliates to refrain from killing Muslims. To better understand the crises facing Al Qaeda, the book explores the development of Central Al Qaeda’s complex relationship with radical (mis)appropriations and manifestations of takfir, which allows one Muslim to declare another an unbeliever, and its unique relationship with each of its affiliates in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The author then goes on to consider how the prominence of takfir is contributing to the deteriorating security in those countries and how this is affecting Al Qaeda’s credibility as an Islamist terror organization. The book concludes by considering the long-term viability of Al Qaeda and how its demise could allow the rise of the even more radical, violent Islamic State and the implications this has for the future security of the Middle East, North Africa and Central/South Asia. This book will be of much interest to students of political violence and terrorism, Islamism, global security and IR.

Darfur And The Crisis Of Governance In Sudan

Author: Carina E. Ray
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801475948
Size: 50.45 MB
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A diverse group of academics, activists, officials and rebels contribute chapters about different aspects of conflict in the western Sudanese region of Darfur. These chapters discuss the origins and evolution of the conflict, the various ways in which the conflict has been understood and misperceived (both locally and internationally), the profoundly gendered nature of the conflict, the status of those involved with regard to the Sudanese and international law, and the ongoing struggle for peace in the region. A substantial appendix reproduces UN, ICC, and (many for the first time in English translation) Arabic-language documents to trace the history of the conflict. The book also includes a chronology of major events in Sudan.

Author: Paul Beatty
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600361088
Size: 15.72 MB
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**Βραβείο Man Booker 2016** Μια δηκτική, βαθιά πολιτική σάτιρα για την ταυτότητα της σύγχρονης Αμερικής, ένα μυθιστόρημα που περιγράφει την εκκεντρική ανατροφή ενός Αφροαμερικανού και μια δίκη άνευ προηγουμένου στην ιστορία των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών. Ο αφηγητής, γεννημένος στο «αγροτικό γκέτο» του Ντίκενς στο Λος Άντζελες, αποδέχεται μοιρολατρικά το περιθώριο. Τον μεγαλώνει ο πατέρας του, ένας ιδιόρρυθμος επιστήμονας, ο οποίος τον χρησιμοποιεί ως πειραματόζωο στις αιρετικές ψυχολογικές μελέτες του για τον ρατσισμό. Ο γιος πιστεύει ότι η πρωτοποριακή εργασία του πατέρα –και ένα βιβλίο που θα προκαλέσει αίσθηση, όταν κυκλοφορήσει– θα επιλύσει τα οικονομικά τους προβλήματα. Όταν όμως αστυνομικοί σκοτώνουν τον πατέρα του, ο πρωταγωνιστής συνειδητοποιεί ότι το μόνο που έχει στα χέρια του είναι ο λογαριασμός μιας κηδείας. Παρακινημένος από την ματαίωση και την παρακμή του τόπου του, αναλαμβάνει μια εξωφρενική πρωτοβουλία: την επαναφορά της δουλείας και του φυλετικού διαχωρισμού, πράγμα που θα τον οδηγήσει ως κατηγορούμενο στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο της χώρας. Ο Πουλημένος του Πωλ Μπέιτι σηματοδοτεί το δημιουργικό αποκορύφωμα ενός ιδιοφυούς συγγραφέα. Το βιβλίο τιμήθηκε με το Βραβείο Booker 2016. Το 2015 απέσπασε το Εθνικό Βραβείο του Κύκλου των Κριτικών στις ΗΠΑ. «Ο Πουλημένος είναι ένα μυθιστόρημα για την εποχή μας. Μια σύγχρονη σάτιρα, ακούραστη και ευφάνταστη, το χιούμορ της οποίας μεταμφιέζει τη ριζοσπαστική σοβαρότητα του συγγραφέα της. Ο Πωλ Μπέιτι εξουδετερώνει με τρόπο αχαλίνωτο τις “ιερές αγελάδες” και βάζει στο στόχαστρό του τα φυλετικά και πολιτικά ταμπού με οξύνοια, ζωντάνια και αμεσότητα». ΑΜΑΝΤΑ ΦΟΡΜΑΝ, πρόεδρος της κριτικής επιτροπής του Βραβείου Booker 2016 «Οι εκατό πρώτες σελίδες του Πουλημένου είναι οι πιο καυστικές και ζόρικες σε αμερικανικό μυθιστόρημα τα τελευταία δέκα χρόνια τουλάχιστον... Τα αστεία σε χτυπάνε κατευθείαν στο στομάχι... Οι αυτοσχεδιασμοί είναι ασταμάτητοι σε αυτό το σατιρικό, βαθυστόχαστο μυθιστόρημα που συνιστά σταθμό». The New York Times «Μια απίστευτη σάτιρα για τη φυλετική ταυτότητα στην Αμερική... Ο Πουλημένος συνδυάζει τη ζωηρή κωμωδία και τη δριμεία κοινωνική κριτική, αλλά το πλέον εντυπωσιακό προτέρημα του βιβλίου είναι η ολοζώντανη ανθρωπιά των χαρακτήρων του». The New Yorker «Ένα αστείο και τολμηρό βιβλίο που ανατρέπει τις επιζήμιες συμβάσεις της κουλτούρας... Είναι αυτή η συνειδητή ανατροπή... που κάνει αυτό το θαρραλέο και σκληρό μυθιστόρημα τόσο απολαυστικό». The Guardian «Ο Πουλημένος ανήκει στα σημαντικότερα και πλέον δύσκολα αμερικανικά μυθιστορήματα που έχουν γραφτεί στον 21ο αιώνα... Είναι ένα επώδυνο βιβλίο που οι αναγνώστες δύσκολα θα ξεχάσουν». Los Angeles Times

Modernist Islam 1840 1940

Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199882509
Size: 21.84 MB
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Modernist Islam was a major intellectual current in the Muslim world during the 19th and 20th centuries. Proponents of this movement typically believed that it was not only possible but imperative to show how "modern" values and institutions could be reconciled with authentically Islamic ideals. This sourcebook brings together a broad range of writings on modernist Islam from across the Muslim world. It makes available for the first time in English the writings of many of the activists and intellectuals who made up the early modernist Islamic movement. Charles Kurzman and a team of section editors, each specializing in a different region of the Islamic world, have assembled, translated, and annotated the work of the most important of these figures. With the publication of this volume, an English-speaking audience will have wider access to the literature of modernist Islam than did the makers of the movement themselves.

Stolen Honor

Author: Katherine Pratt Ewing
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804779722
Size: 71.27 MB
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The covered Muslim woman is a common spectacle in Western media—a victim of male brutality, the oppressed and suffering wife or daughter. And the resulting negative stereotypes of Muslim men, stereotypes reinforced by the post-9/11 climate in which he is seen as a potential terrorist, have become so prominent that they influence and shape public policy, citizenship legislation, and the course of elections across Europe and throughout the Western world. In this book, Katherine Pratt Ewing asks why and how these stereotypes—what she terms "stigmatized masculinity"—largely go unrecognized, and examines how Muslim men manage their masculine identities in the face of such discrimination. The author focuses her analysis and develops an ethnographic portrait of the Turkish Muslim immigrant community in Germany, a population increasingly framed in the media and public discourse as in crisis because of a perceived refusal of Muslim men to assimilate. Interrogating this sense of crisis, Ewing examines a series of controversies—including honor killings, headscarf debates, and Muslim stereotypes in cinema and the media—to reveal how the Muslim man is ultimately depicted as the "abjected other" in German society.