The Character Concept In Evolutionary Biology

Author: Günter P. Wagner
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080528902
Size: 25.22 MB
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Almost all evolutionary biologists, indeed all biologists, use particular features to study life. These characteristics or features used by evolutionary biologists are used in a particular way to unravel a tangled evolutionary history, document the rate of evolutionary change, or as evidence of biodiversity. "Characters" are the "data" of evolutionary biology and they can be employed differently in research providing both opportunities and limitations. The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology is about characters, their use, how different sorts of characters are limited, and what are appropriate methods for character analysis. Leading evolutionary biologists from around the world are contributors to this authoritative review of the "character concept." Because characters and the conception of characters are central to all studies of evolution, and because evolution is the central organizing principle of biology, this book will appeal to a wide cross-section of biologists. Focuses upon "characters" -- fundamental data for evolutionary biology Covers the myriad ways in which characters are defined, described, and distinguished Includes historical, morphological, molecular, behavioral, and philosophical perspectives

Concepts And Methods In Evolutionary Biology

Author: Robert N. Brandon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521498883
Size: 25.38 MB
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This collection of Professor Brandon's recent essays covers all the traditional topics in the philosophy of evolutionary biology.

Modularity In Development And Evolution

Author: Gerhard Schlosser
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226738536
Size: 23.51 MB
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Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives. Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance. Covering modules at levels ranging from genes to colonies, the book focuses on their roles not just in structures but also in processes such as gene regulation. Among many exciting findings, the contributors demonstrate how modules can highlight key constraints on evolutionary processes. A timely synthesis of a crucial topic, Modularity in Development and Evolution shows the invaluable insights modules can give into both developmental complexities and their evolutionary origins.

Homology Genes And Evolutionary Innovation

Author: Günter P. Wagner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400851467
Size: 64.47 MB
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Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird’s wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary biology. This groundbreaking book provides the first mechanistically based theory of what homology is and how it arises in evolution. Günter Wagner, one of the preeminent researchers in the field, argues that homology, or character identity, can be explained through the historical continuity of character identity networks—that is, the gene regulatory networks that enable differential gene expression. He shows how character identity is independent of the form and function of the character itself because the same network can activate different effector genes and thus control the development of different shapes, sizes, and qualities of the character. Demonstrating how this theoretical model can provide a foundation for understanding the evolutionary origin of novel characters, Wagner applies it to the origin and evolution of specific systems, such as cell types; skin, hair, and feathers; limbs and digits; and flowers. The first major synthesis of homology to be published in decades, Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation reveals how a mechanistically based theory can serve as a unifying concept for any branch of science concerned with the structure and development of organisms, and how it can help explain major transitions in evolution and broad patterns of biological diversity.

Keywords And Concepts In Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Author:
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
ISBN: 9788183562560
Size: 48.87 MB
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Contents: Sting Journalism: Introduction, Forms and Features, Sting Journalism: Ethics, Methods and Hidden Cameras, Sting Operations: Current Perspective, Famous Investigative Journalists and Scandals, Sting Operations in Indian Perspectives.

Modularity

Author: Werner Callebaut
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262033268
Size: 60.37 MB
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Experts from diverse fields, including artificial life, cognitive science, economics, developmental and evolutionary biology, and the arts, discuss modularity.

Philosophy Of Evolutionary Biology

Author: Stefan Linquist
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135191135X
Size: 52.59 MB
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The impact of evolutionary theory on the philosophy of science has been no less profound than its impact on the science of biology itself. Advances in this theory provide a rich set of examples for thinking about the nature of scientific explanation and the structure of science. Many of the developments in our understanding of evolution resulted from contributions by both philosophers and biologists engaging over theoretical questions of mutual interest. This volume traces some of the most influential exchanges in this field over the last few decades. Focal topics include the nature of biological functions, adaptationism as an explanatory and methodological doctrine, the levels of selection debate, the concepts of fitness and drift, and the relationship of evolutionary to developmental biology.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Author: Brian K. Hall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780412785900
Size: 59.88 MB
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Although evolutionary developmental biology is a new field, its origins lie in the last century; the search for connections between embryonic development (ontogeny) and evolutionary change (phylogeny) has been a long one. Evolutionary developmental biology is however more than just a fusion of the fields of developmental and evolutionary biology. It forges a unification of genomic, developmental, organismal, population and natural selection approaches to evolutionary change. It is concerned with how developmental processes evolve; how evolution produces novel structures, functions and behaviours; and how development, evolution and ecology are integrated to bring about and stabilize evolutionary change. The previous edition of this title, published in 1992, defined the terms and laid out the field for evolutionary developmental biology. This field is now one of the most active and fast growing within biology and this is reflected in this second edition, which is more than twice the length of the original and brought completely up to date. There are new chapters on major transitions in animal evolution, expanded coverage of comparative embryonic development and the inclusion of recent advances in genetics and molecular biology. The book is divided into eight parts which: place evolutionary developmental biology in the historical context of the search for relationships between development and evolution; detail the historical background leading to evolutionary embryology; explore embryos in development and embryos in evolution; discuss the relationship between embryos, evolution, environment and ecology; discuss the dilemma for homology of the fact that development evolves; deal with the importance of understanding how embryos measure time and place both through development and evolutionarily through heterochrony and heterotrophy; and set out the principles and processes that underlie evolutionary developmental biology. With over one hundred illustrations and photographs, extensive cross-referencing between chapters and boxes for ancillary material, this latest edition will be of immense interest to graduate and advanced undergraduate students in cell, developmental and molecular biology, and in zoology, evolution, ecology and entomology; in fact anyone with an interest in this new and increasingly important and interdisciplinary field which unifies biology.

The Evolutionary Biology Of Flies

Author: Brian Wiegmann
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231501706
Size: 55.67 MB
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Flies (Dipteria) have had an important role in deepening scientists' understanding of modern biology and evolution. The study of flies has figured prominently in major advances in the fields of molecular evolution, physiology, genetics, phylogenetics, and ecology over the last century. This volume, with contributions from top scientists and scholars in the field, brings together diverse aspects of research and will be essential reading for entomologists and fly researchers. Contributors: Michael Ashburner, University of Cambridge; Nora J. Besansky, University of Notre Dame; Daniel J. Bickel, Australian Museum; Sarah Boulter, Griffith University; Peter Cranston, University of California at Davis; Neil Davies, University of California at Berkeley; Rob DeSalle, American Museum of Natural History; W. J. Etges, University of Arkansas; J. L. Feder, University of Notre Dame; K. E. Filchak, University of Notre Dame; Philip M. Johns, University of Maryland; Margaret G. Kidwell, University of Arizona; Roger Kitching, Griffith University; Conrad C. Labandiera, Smithsonian Institution; Rudolf Meier, National University of Singapore; David Merritt, University of Queensland; George Roderick, University of California at Berkeley; Sonja J. Scheffer, USDA-ARS-PSI; Michael F. Whiting, Brigham Young University; Brian M. Wiegmann, North Carolina State University; Gerald S. Wilkinson, University of Maryland; David K. Yeates, CSIRO Entomology

The Origin Of Animal Body Plans

Author: Wallace Arthur
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521779289
Size: 59.80 MB
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This book examines both the origin of body plans in particular and the evolution of animal development in general.