Sustainable Intensification To Advance Food Security And Enhance Climate Resilience In Africa

Author: Rattan Lal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319093606
Size: 20.18 MB
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This 32-chapter volume represents the core of several oral and poster presentations made at the conference. In addition to Introduction and Conclusion sections, the book is thematically divided into 7 sections, namely, 1) Land Use and Farming Systems, 2) Effects of Climate Change on Crop Yield, 3) Soil Nutrient and Water Management for Carbon Sequestration, 4) Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands through Forestry and Agroforestry, 5) Management of Animal Production for Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 6) Smallholder Adaptation to Climate Change, and 7) Economic, Social and Policy Issues. It addresses these themes in the context of sustainable intensification (SI). It implies increasing agronomic production from the existing land while improving/restoring its quality and decreasing the C or environmental footprint. Simply put, SI means producing more from less.

Climate Change And Multi Dimensional Sustainability In African Agriculture

Author: Rattan Lal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319412388
Size: 67.46 MB
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This 35-chapter book is based on several oral and poster presentations including both invited and contributory chapters. The book is thematically based on four pillars of sustainability, with focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Environment, Economic, Social and Institutional. The environmental sustainability, which determines economic and social/institutional sustainability, refers to the rate of use of natural resources (soil, water, landscape, vegetation) which can be continued indefinitely without degrading their quality, productivity and ecosystem services for different ecoregions of SSA. This book will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the U.N. in SSA. Therefore, the book is of interest to agriculturalists, economists, social scientists, policy makers, extension agents, and development/bilateral organizations. Basic principles explained in the book can be pertinent to all development organizations.

Agricultural Development And Sustainable Intensification

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138300590
Size: 20.23 MB
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Agricultural development and sustainable intensification: technology and policy innovations / Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Esther Bloem and Andrew Borrell -- Save and grow: translating policy advice into field action for sustainable intensification of rice production / Jan Willem Ketelaar, Alma Linda M. Abubakar, Pham Van Du, Cahyana Widyastama, Avakat Phasouysaingam, Jesse Binamira & Ngo Tien Dung -- Sustainable intensification and maize value chain improvements in Sub-Saharan Africa / Isaiah Nyagumbo, Mehreteab Tesfai, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, James K. Karanja -- The role of wheat in global food security / Maricelis Acevedo, Jason D. Zurn, Gemma Molero, Pawan Singh, Xinyao He, Meriem Aoun, Philomin Juliana, Harold Bockleman, Mike Bonman, Mahmoud El-Sohl, Ahmed Amri, Ronnie Coffman, and Linda McCandless -- Innovative practices in potato production for food and nutrition security / Ngo Tien Dung, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Alma Linda M. Abubakar, Jan Willem Ketelaar, Mehreteab Tesfai -- Pulses-millets crop diversification by smallholders and their potential for sustainable food and nutrition security / Mehreteab Tesfai, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu, Asfaw Adugna -- Global challenges in today's horticulture and prospects offered by protected vegetable cultivation / Hugo Despretz, Warwick Easdown and Mansab Ali -- Sustainable crop-livestock intensification in the Sub-Saharan Africa: improving productivity through innovative adaptation / Donald M.G. Njarui, Mupenzi Mutimura, Elias M. Gichangi and Sita R. Ghimire -- Community-driven approaches to sustainable intensification in river deltas: lessons from the Ganges and Mekong rivers / Douglas J. Merrey, Manoranjan K. Mondal, Chu Thai Hoanh, Elizabeth Humphreys, Nga Dao -- Sustainable agriculture intensification: innovations to strengthen extension services and market linkages / Udaya Sekhar Nagothu and Allison Morrill Chatrchyan -- Multi-level policy measures to support sustainable agriculture intensification for smallholders / Allison Chatrchyan, Christina Yin, Emmanuel Torquebiau, Udaya Sekhar Nagothu -- Summary, technology and policy options / udaya sekhar nagothu

Climate Smart Agriculture

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251099669
Size: 19.75 MB
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The book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of Climate-Smart Agriculture, drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional and resource economics. The book uses economic lens to identify the main features of CSA, its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. It is a product of the EPIC team in the ESA division and contributes to SO2 OO2. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a concept that calls for integration of the need for adaptation and the possibility of mitigation in agricultural growth strategies to support food security. Several countries around the world have expressed intent to adopt CSA approach to managing their agricultural sectors. However there is considerable confusion about what the CSA concept and approach actually involve, and wide variation in how the term is used. It is critical to build a more formal basis for the CSA concept and methodology and at the same time providing illustrations of how the concept can be applied across a range of conditions.

Climate Smart Agriculture

Author: Leslie Lipper
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319611941
Size: 12.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO license. The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional, and resource economics, this book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of CSA. Focusing on the adaptation/resilience dimension of CSA, the text embraces a mixture of conceptual analyses, including theory, empirical and policy analysis, and case studies, to look at adaptation and resilience through three possible avenues: ex-ante reduction of vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity, and ex-post risk coping. The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides conceptual framing, giving an overview of the CSA concept and grounding it in core economic principles. The second section is devoted to a set of case studies illustrating the economic basis of CSA in terms of reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and ex-post risk coping. The final section addresses policy issues related to climate change. Providing information on this new and important field in an approachable way, this book helps make sense of CSA and fills intellectual and policy gaps by defining the concept and placing it within an economic decision-making framework. This book will be of interest to agricultural, environmental, and natural resource economists, development economists, and scholars of development studies, climate change, and agriculture. It will also appeal to policy-makers, development practitioners, and members of governmental and non-governmental organizations interested in agriculture, food security and climate change.

Pulse Crops For Sustainable Farms In Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251300887
Size: 53.87 MB
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Pulses have a long history in sub-Saharan Africa due to their multiple benefits. Pulses, and legumes in general, can play an important role in agriculture because of their ability to biologically fix atmospheric nitrogen and to enhance the biological turnover of phosphorus; thus they could become the cornerstone of sustainable agriculture in Africa. In this sense, there is a body of literature that points to diversification of existing production systems – particularly legumes species, which provide critical environmental services, including soil erosion control and soil nutrient recapitalization. This publication is a review of some of the promising strategies to support the cultivation and utilization of pulses on smallholder farms in sub-Saharan Africa. The review is part of the legacy of the International Year of Pulses (IYP), which sought to recognize the contribution that pulses make to human well-being and the environment.

Agricultural Adaptation To Climate Change In Africa

Author: Cyndi Spindell Berck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351369504
Size: 20.46 MB
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A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.

Agricultural Development And Sustainable Intensification

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351403338
Size: 47.26 MB
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Sustainable Intensification (SI) has recently emerged as a key concept for agricultural development, recognising that yields must increase to feed a growing world population, but it must be achieved without damage to the environment, on finite land resources and while preserving social and natural capital. It also recognises that all initiatives must cope with the challenges of climate change to agricultural production, food security and livelihoods. This multidisciplinary book presents state-of-the-art reviews of current SI approaches to promote major food crops, challenges and advances made in technology, and the institutional and policy measures necessary to overcome the constraints faced by smallholder farmers. Adressing the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 2, the various chapters based on evidence and experiences of reputed researchers show how these innovations, if properly nurtured and implemented, can make a difference to food and nutrition security outcomes. Case studies from around the world are included, with a particular emphasis on Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The focus is not only on scientific aspects such as climate-smart agriculture, agroecology and improving input use efficiency and management, but also on institutional and policy challenges that must be met to increase the net societal benefits of sustainable agricultural intensification. The book is aimed at advanced students and researchers in sustainable agriculture and policy, development practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental and farmer organisations.

Save And Grow

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251068712
Size: 79.31 MB
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The book offers a rich toolkit of relevant, adoptable ecosystem-based practices that can help the world's 500 million smallholder farm families achieve higher productivity, profitability and resource-use efficiency while enhancing natural capital.

Agrimonde Scenarios And Challenges For Feeding The World In 2050

Author: Sandrine Paillard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940178745X
Size: 59.93 MB
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How will the world be able to feed close to 9 billion people in 2050 and still maintain the ecosystems? In this perspective, INRA and CIRAD launched the initiative, in 2006, to develop a foresight project for analysing issues pertaining to the world's food and agricultural systems on the 2050 timeline. This book provides a synthetic presentation of the main conclusions that this foresight project has yielded. First, it recapitulates the main statistical references for the period 1961 to 2003, before going on to describe the Agribiom simulation tool used to calculate food biomass resource use balances. Two scenarios on the 2050 timeline are then considered: Agrimonde GO is a trend-based scenario that bets on economic growth to feed the world, in a context where environmental protection is not a priority; in contrast, the idea in Agrimonde 1 is to feed the world while preserving its ecosystems.