Superior Beings

Author: Steven J. Brams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475718071
Size: 69.22 MB
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The central question I pose in this book is: If there existed a supe rior being who possessed the supernatural qualities of omni science, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility, how would he/she act differently from us, and would these differences be knowable? (ßecause God, the superior being in the Judeo Christian tradition, is generally described as a male, I shall hence forth use the masculine pronoun form for convenience, but I intend no invidious gender distinctions, whether applied to super natural or natural beings.l Theologians, philosophers of religion, and erudite scholars in other disciplines have addressed this and related questions before, but their answers, generally speaking, have not been informed by any systematic or rigorous theory. I believe the mathematical theory of games, which has little to do with the frivolity and playfulness we normally associate with games, provides a powerful tool for clarifying the key theo logical concepts in my central question and drawing out their implications in games played between human and superior beings. I am fully aware that not everybody will agree that omni science, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility are what I say they are, but I invite them to propose their own defi- Preface viii nitions and derive their own conclusions with the aid of the theory. By endowing these protean concepts with unambiguous meanings, I will try to show how game theory can breathe life into questions that have been dismissed too quickly simply because they are metaphysical-outside the world of experience.

New Scientist

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Size: 58.49 MB
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New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.

The Probability Of God

Author: Dr. Stephen D. Unwin
Publisher: Crown Forum
ISBN: 1400097541
Size: 54.13 MB
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Does God exist? This is probably the most debated question in the history of mankind. Scholars, scientists, and philosophers have spent their lifetimes trying to prove or disprove the existence of God, only to have their theories crucified by other scholars, scientists, and philosophers. Where the debate breaks down is in the ambiguities and colloquialisms of language. But, by using a universal, unambiguous language—namely, mathematics—can this question finally be answered definitively? That’s what Dr. Stephen Unwin attempts to do in this riveting, accessible, and witty book, The Probability of God. At its core, this groundbreaking book reveals how a math equation developed more than 200 years ago by noted European philosopher Thomas Bayes can be used to calculate the probability that God exists. The equation itself is much more complicated than a simple coin toss (heads, He’s up there running the show; tails, He’s not). Yet Dr. Unwin writes with a clarity that makes his mathematical proof easy for even the nonmathematician to understand and a verve that makes his book a delight to read. Leading you carefully through each step in his argument, he demonstrates in the end that God does indeed exist. Whether you’re a devout believer and agree with Dr. Unwin’s proof or are unsure about all things divine, you will find this provocative book enlightening and engaging. From the Hardcover edition.

Fair Division

Author: Steven J. Brams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521556446
Size: 27.75 MB
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Fair Division, unlike most research on fairness in the social sciences and mathematics, is devoted solely to the analysis of constructive procedures for actually dividing things up and resolving disputes, including indivisible items or issues, such as the marital property in a divorce or sovereignty in an international dispute.

Biblical Games

Author: Steven J. Brams
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262523325
Size: 77.11 MB
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BACK IN PRINT with a new preface and a new chapter

God Is By Inference One Dot

Author: Peter Kien-Hong Yu
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1599428814
Size: 26.44 MB
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In September 2008, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) scientists successfully switched on the historic biggest physics device, the Large Hadron Collider (LHe, to search for the Higgs boson or the God particle, which is but a dot. The ultimate question in the context of Panentheism and/or Pantheism is: Surrounded by an infinite number of dots, good or bad, is God also a (partial) dot? This author calls for a paradigm shift in our mind, by inferring that God is the superior, original dot of all dots.

The Myth Of Matriarchal Prehistory

Author: Cynthia Eller
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 9780807067932
Size: 41.58 MB
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According to the myth of matriarchal prehistory, men and women lived together peacefully before recorded history. Society was centered around women, with their mysterious life-giving powers, and they were honored as incarnations and priestesses of the Great Goddess. Then a transformation occurred, and men thereafter dominated society. Given the universality of patriarchy in recorded history, this vision is understandably appealing for many women. But does it have any basis in fact? And as a myth, does it work for the good of women? Cynthia Eller traces the emergence of the feminist matriarchal myth, explicates its functions, and examines the evidence for and against a matriarchal prehistory. Finally, she explains why this vision of peaceful, woman-centered prehistory is something feminists should be wary of.

The God Instinct

Author: Jesse Bering
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1857889401
Size: 54.60 MB
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The God Instinct explores how people’s everyday thoughts, behaviours and emotions betray an innate tendency to reason as though God were deeply invested in their public lives and secret affairs.

Monologium

Author: St. Anselm St. Anselm of Canterbury
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781519419385
Size: 70.16 MB
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Anselm of Canterbury was a Benedictine monk and a philosopher who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. Called the founder of scholasticism, he is famous as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God. Anselm was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1720 by Pope Clement XI. Although he believed, Anselm constantly struggled to make sense of his religion. He considered the doctrines of faith an invitation to question, to think, and to learn, and he devoted his life to confronting and understanding the most elusive aspects of Christianity. Monologium, his writings on matters such as free will, the nature of truth, and the existence of God, established Anselm one of the greatest theologians and philosophers in history.