Structure And Function Of Collagen Types

Author: Richard Maynes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323155715
Size: 52.63 MB
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Structure and Function of Collagen Types is a collection of articles that reviews the different types of collagens (Type I to XI). Each article focuses on a particular type of collagen and written by leading investigators in the collagen field. The book begins with a review of the fibril forming collagens (types I, II, and III) and traces the early work on the structure of these collagens to our knowledge of the structure of the collagen genes. This chapter is followed by a detailed description of type IV (basement membrane) collagen. Chapter 3 addresses the biosynthesis and chain assembly of type V collagen. The evidence that type VI collagen is assembled to form tetramers is presented in chapter 4. The subsequent article shows that type VII collagens are assembled to form partially overlapping dimers. Chapter 6 presents the structure of type VIII collagen. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 discuss the structure and characteristics of collagens that are synthesized by cartilaginous tissues and these are designated as type IX, type X, and type XI. The final chapter reviews the recombinant DNA techniques used to investigate collagen structure and the possibility to recognize new collagen types from a cDNA library. Physiologists, cell biologists, and researchers in the field of collagen will find the text very insightful.

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Size: 37.38 MB
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

The Extracellular Matrix An Overview

Author: Robert Mecham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642165559
Size: 43.45 MB
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Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Cell Biology Of Extracellular Matrix

Author: E.D. Hay
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461537703
Size: 41.61 MB
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In the ten-year interval since the first edition of this volume went to press, our knowledge of extracellular matrix (ECM) function and structure has enor mously increased. Extracellular matrix and cell-matrix interaction are now routine topics in the meetings and annual reviews sponsored by cell biology societies. Research in molecular biology has so advanced the number of known matrix molecules and the topic of gene structure and regulation that we won dered how best to incorporate the new material. For example, we deliberated over the inclusion of chapters on molecular genetics. We decided that with judicious editing we could present the recent findings in molecular biology within the same cell biology framework that was used for the first edition, using three broad headings: what is extracellular matrix, how is it made, and what does it do for cells? Maintaining control over the review of literature on the subject of ECM was not always an easy task, but we felt it was essential to production of a highly readable volume, one compact enough to serve the the student as an introduction and the investigator as a quick update on graduate the important recent discoveries. The first edition of this volume enjoyed con hope the reader finds this edition equally useful. siderable success; we D. Hay Elizabeth vii Contents Introductory Remarks 1 Elizabeth D. Hay PART I. WHAT IS EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX? Chapter 1 Collagen T. F. Linsenmayer 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. The Collagen Molecule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2. 1. Triple-Helical Domain(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Extracellular Matrix And The Liver

Author: Isao Okazaki
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080531504
Size: 80.28 MB
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Extracellular Matrix of the Liver addresses the basic science of the extracellular matrix and discusses new strategies for the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver, with a primary focus on possible gene therapy approaches. The chapters are divided into six sections as follows: Basic Science of Extracellular Matrix Cells Responsible for Extracellular Matrix Production Activation Mechanism of Hepatic Cells and Signal Transduction Basic Science for Extracellular Matrix Metabolism including Enzymes and their Inhibitors Matrix Mettaloproteinases and Tissue Inhibitors for Matrix Mettaloproteinases New Strategies for the treatment of Liver Cirrhosis Discusses the possibility of gene therapy for liver cirrhosis Includes information on new aspects of hepatic stellate cells Written by top experts in basic science and clinical hepatology

Extracellular Matrix Genes

Author: Charles Boyd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323157661
Size: 65.63 MB
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Extracellular Matrix Genes provides some of the interesting complexities of the structure of the entire family of extracellular matrix genes. This book illustrates the permanent role that molecular biology and molecular genetics play in the detailed understanding of the normal biology of extracellular matrix. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structural and sequence aspects of the entire family of genomic sequences with a view to establishing common functional domains among collagens and their genes. This text then examines the status of the literature concerning human types. III and V. Other chapters consider the FACIT collagen gene family. This book discusses as well the development in understanding the structure of small proteoglycan core proteins and their role in proteoglycan biosynthesis and function as a result of their molecular cloning and expression. The final chapter deals with mutations in collagen genes. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists.

Extracellular Matrix Genes

Author: Charles Boyd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323157661
Size: 59.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Extracellular Matrix Genes provides some of the interesting complexities of the structure of the entire family of extracellular matrix genes. This book illustrates the permanent role that molecular biology and molecular genetics play in the detailed understanding of the normal biology of extracellular matrix. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structural and sequence aspects of the entire family of genomic sequences with a view to establishing common functional domains among collagens and their genes. This text then examines the status of the literature concerning human types. III and V. Other chapters consider the FACIT collagen gene family. This book discusses as well the development in understanding the structure of small proteoglycan core proteins and their role in proteoglycan biosynthesis and function as a result of their molecular cloning and expression. The final chapter deals with mutations in collagen genes. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists.

Extracellular Matrix Assembly And Structure

Author: Peter D. Yurchenco
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483289427
Size: 70.89 MB
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The complex and critical process of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly is described in this book. Assembly may involve molecules interacting with molecules of the same matrix class, such as in collagen, or interactions between different ECM molecules, such as in basement membranes. The text shows how this is driven by structural information within the matrix monomer. This information will be of interest to cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biomedical researchers involved in macromolecular assembly, biological macromolecules, and extracellular matrix. Addresses assembly of most of the known classes of extracellular matrix macromolecules Discusses higher order structures produced by ECM Gives important concepts in ECM and cell-matrix interactions, Protein structure and protein-protein interactions, Development and tissue remodeling

Biochemistry Of Collagens Laminins And Elastin

Author: Morten Karsdal
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098996
Size: 70.21 MB
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Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins. Type I collagen is one of the most abundant molecules in the body, playing essential roles in different tissues, particularly bone and skin. A key aspect of type I collagen is its post-translational modifications which are essential for correct synthesis and structural integrity of collagens, for tissue-specific functionality, as well as for application as biomarkers of different pathologies. This volume summarizes current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins and elastin), reviews how these molecules affect pathologies, and describes selected modifications of proteins that result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the ECM harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine functions. Additionally, it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Provides insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes a chapter dedicated to the biomarkers of structural proteins Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states

Collagen

Author: Peter Fratzl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387739069
Size: 25.20 MB
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Not only does this book provide a comprehensive review of current research advances in collagen structure and mechanics, it also explores this biological macromolecule’s many applications in biomaterials and tissue engineering. Readers gain an understanding of the structure and mechanical behavior of type I collagen and collagen-based tissues in vertebrates across all length scales, from the molecular (nano) to the organ (macro) level.