Sorbent Deformation

Author: Andrei V. Tvardovskiy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080465944
Size: 16.91 MB
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Sorbent Deformation discusses the theoretical and experimental study of the deformation of solid bodies during their ad- or absorptive interaction with gases or vapours. The book is the first monograph which deals with the problem of ad- and absorbent non-inertness, compiled from a 15-year study by the author on swelling or deformed ad- and absorptive systems. The results from the study are of practical and scientific value to engineers and scientists in the areas of physical chemistry, chemical engineering and environmental control. They could also be of interest to those looking to solve problems in such areas as forecasting, technological processing and fuel drying stimulation. · Provides novel, practical information on the behaviour of the systems used in environment control · Presents the derivation of the equation describing single- and multicomponent adsorption and absorption in swelling / deformed systems · Identifies the results of direct measurements on ad-and absorbent deformations (charcoals, clay minerals, organic cation substituted clay minerals, etc.) with a new high sensitivity method

Interface Science And Composites

Author: Soo-Jin Park
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123750490
Size: 38.75 MB
Format: PDF
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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Self Assembly Processes At Interfaces

Author: Vincent Ball
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128019727
Size: 34.59 MB
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Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Particles At Interfaces

Author: Zbigniew Adamczyk
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081012691
Size: 36.77 MB
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Particles and Interfaces: Interaction, Deposition, Structure, Volume 20, Second Edition unifies particle and protein adsorption phenomena by presenting recent developments in this growing field of nanoscience. While experimental data is available in vast quantities, there is a deficit in quality interpretation of that data. This title provides such information, emphasizing the basic physics behind practical problems, thus empowering the reader to estimate relevant effects. The book includes solved problems of particle transport under non-linear conditions and their relevance to predicting protein adsorption, including an entirely new chapter devoted to polyelectrolyte and protein adsorption at solid/liquid and solid/gas interfaces. Unifies information from various fields, such as electrostatics, hydrodynamic, colloid science and biophysics Presents information in a user-friendly manner, including computer aided graphics and schematic drawings Applies a phenomenological approach to the content and provides readily accessible reference data

Nanoparticle Technologies

Author: Farid Bensebaa
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080919278
Size: 18.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a good introductory work to nanoparticle technology. It consists of nine complementary chapters that can be read independently. This book covers promising nanoparticles fabrication technologies with a focus on scalable processes. Integration of nanoparticles into 2D and 3D structures are covered in detail. The most promising applications of nanoparticles in the energy, optoelectronic and biomedical sectors are summarized and discussed. Current issues and challenges related to nanoparticles production and utilisation are also discussed in the book. Complete and simple overview of the field Contains practical examples that makes the book also accessible for industrialists, engineers and managers Chapters can be read relatively independently so experienced researchers can go directly to the them of interest Advantages, drawbacks and challenges are described with practical examples

Macromolecules In Solution And Brownian Relativity

Author: Stefano Antonio Mezzasalma
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080557984
Size: 20.23 MB
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Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

Heavy Metals In The Environment Origin Interaction And Remediation

Author: Heike Bradl
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008045500X
Size: 42.45 MB
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Excessive levels of heavy metals can be introduced into the environment, for example, by industrial waste or fertilizers. Soil represents a major sink for heavy metals ions, which can then enter the food chain via plants or leaching into groundwater. In Heavy Metal Ions in the Environment, the author looks at where heavy metals ions come from, how they interact with the environment and how they can be removed from the environment – by a process known as remediation. This book serves as a valuable addition to an increasingly important field of study, which is, at present, served by a limited number of archival texts. Includes comprehensive coverage of heavy metal ions in the environment Is practical and easy to read Is suitable for students and researchers in environmental science and environmental or chemical engineering

Chemistry On Modified Oxide And Phosphate Surfaces

Author: Robson Fernandes de Farias
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN:
Size: 17.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This title in the authoritative Interface Science and Technology Series presents the key features and applications of modified oxide and phosphate surfaces. * Examines both basic and applied aspects * Incorporates examples from recent publications

Advances In Materials Manufacturing Science And Technology Ii

Author: Chengyu Jiang
Publisher: Trans Tech Publication
ISBN:
Size: 78.59 MB
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The present volume contains 293 selected and peer-reviewed papers, carefully chosen from among the more than 500 papers presented, by worldwide specialists from industry and academia, at the 12th International Manufacturing Conference in China; organized by the Northwestern Polytechnic University.

Handbook Of Physical Vapor Deposition Pvd Processing

Author: D. M. Mattox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780080946580
Size: 66.18 MB
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This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories,"" to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.