Smart Metering Design And Applications

Author: K. S. K Weranga
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9814451827
Size: 51.95 MB
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Taking into account the present day trends and the requirements, this Brief focuses on smart metering of electricity for next generation energy efficiency and conservation. The contents include discussions on the smart metering concepts and existing technologies and systems as well as design and implementation of smart metering schemes together with detailed examples.

External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems Etics

Author: Eva Barreira
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319203827
Size: 73.27 MB
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This book analyzes the hygrothermal behaviour of external thermal insulation composite systems (ETICS), components that increase the thermal efficiency of buildings. Treating a topic that has largely been neglected, it explores the main cause of biological growth within ETICS. The results of two experimental test series are presented: (i) a long-term assessment of four façades covered with ETICS and (ii) an evaluation of the factors affecting the façades’ hygrothermal behaviour. Furthermore, using a previously validated numerical model, it presents a sensitivity analysis of the hygrothermal behaviour of façades coated with ETICS. It also provides a methodology to assess the surface humidification of ETICS, which combines the effect of surface condensation, wind-driven rain and the drying process (three of the most prevalent parameters influencing the surface moisture content), which can then be used as a decision-support tool. ETICS are now frequently used in Europe to improve the thermal efficiency of buildings. Despite their advantages in terms of thermal efficiency, their low cost and their ease of application, these systems are adversely affected by microbiological growth, which causes defacement of cladding. Although the thermal and mechanical performance of the system is not impaired, biological defacement has an enormous aesthetic impact, affecting the inhabitants’ living experience and restricting the full implementation of this technology. External Thermal Insulation Composite Systems (ETICS): An Evaluation of Hygrothermal Behaviour provides a valuable resource to engineers and architects utilizing ETICS in their work, and for researchers and students interested in the hygrothermal behaviour of ETICS. It is also intended for those employed in industry and manufacturers of ETICS.

Materials That Change Color

Author: Marinella Ferrara
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319002902
Size: 47.69 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents a design-driven investigation into smart materials developed by chemists, physicists, materials and chemical engineers, and applied by designers to consumer products. Introducing a class of smart materials, that change colors, the book presents their characteristics, advantages, potentialities and difficulties of applications of this to help understanding what they are, how they work, how they are applied. The books also present a number of case studies: products, projects, concepts and experiments using smart materials, thus mapping out new design territories for these innovative materials. These case studies involve different fields of design, including product, interior, fashion and communication design. Within the context of rising sustainable and human-centered design agendas, the series will demonstrate the role and influence of these new materials and technologies on design, and discuss how they can implement and redefine our objects and spaces to encourage more resilient environments.

Secure And Privacy Preserving Data Communication In Internet Of Things

Author: Liehuang Zhu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811032351
Size: 66.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book mainly concentrates on protecting data security and privacy when participants communicate with each other in the Internet of Things (IoT). Technically, this book categorizes and introduces a collection of secure and privacy-preserving data communication schemes/protocols in three traditional scenarios of IoT: wireless sensor networks, smart grid and vehicular ad-hoc networks recently. This book presents three advantages which will appeal to readers. Firstly, it broadens reader’s horizon in IoT by touching on three interesting and complementary topics: data aggregation, privacy protection, and key agreement and management. Secondly, various cryptographic schemes/protocols used to protect data confidentiality and integrity is presented. Finally, this book will illustrate how to design practical systems to implement the algorithms in the context of IoT communication. In summary, readers can simply learn and directly apply the new technologies to communicate data in IoT after reading this book.

Cancer Nanotheranostics

Author: P. Gopinath
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812874356
Size: 18.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This Brief provides a clear insight of the recent advances in the field of cancer theranostics with special emphasis upon nano scale carrier molecules (polymeric, protein and lipid based) and imaging agents (organic and inorganic).

Visualizing The Data City

Author: Paolo Ciuccarelli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319021958
Size: 27.98 MB
Format: PDF
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This book investigates novel methods and technologies for the collection, analysis and representation of real-time user-generated data at the urban scale in order to explore potential scenarios for more participatory design, planning and management processes. For this purpose, the authors present a set of experiments conducted in collaboration with urban stakeholders at various levels (including citizens, city administrators, urban planners, local industries and NGOs) in Milan and New York in 2012. It is examined whether geo-tagged and user-generated content can be of value in the creation of meaningful, real-time indicators of urban quality, as it is perceived and communicated by the citizens. The meanings that people attach to places are also explored to discover what such an urban semantic layer looks like and how it unfolds over time. As a conclusion, recommendations are proposed for the exploitation of user-generated content in order to answer hitherto unsolved urban questions. Readers will find in this book a fascinating exploration of techniques for mining the social web that can be applied to procure user-generated content as a means of investigating urban dynamics.

Future Solar Energy Devices

Author: Mihaela Girtan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319673378
Size: 68.83 MB
Format: PDF
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This book addresses electronics and the rise of photonics, and asks what the future holds in store for this technology. It highlights the latest research on all types of solar cells and photonic devices, and a new approach combining photonics and electronics. Beyond simply explaining the existing systems or providing a synthesis of the current state of knowledge, the book also offers readers new perspectives for their own research. Lastly, drawing on the interconnections between electronics and photonics, the book suggests a possible means of using solar energy directly with the aid of future photonic devices.

Thermal Comfort And Energy Efficient Cooling Of Nonresidential Buildings

Author: Doreen E. Kalz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319045822
Size: 69.34 MB
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This book supports HVAC planners in reducing the cooling energy demand, improving the indoor environment and designing more cost-effective building concepts. High performance buildings have shown that it is possible to go clearly beyond the energy requirements of existing legislation and obtaining good thermal comfort. However, there is still a strong uncertainty in day-to-day practice due to the lack of legislative regulations for mixed-mode buildings which are neither only naturally ventilated nor fully air-conditioned, but use a mix of different low-energy cooling techniques. Based on the findings from monitoring campaigns (long-term measurements in combination with field studies on thermal comfort), simulation studies, and a comprehensive review on existing standards and guidelines, this book acts as a commonly accessible knowledge pool for passive and low-energy cooling techniques.

From Smart City To Smart Region

Author: Corinna Morandi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319173383
Size: 41.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book offers a fascinating exploration of the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and spatial planning, expanding the concept of “urban smartness” from the usual scale of buildings or urban projects to the regional dimension. In particular, it presents the outcomes of research undertaken at Politecnico di Milano, in collaboration with Telecom Italia, that had three principal goals: to investigate the use of ICTs for the representation, promotion, management, and dissemination of an integrated system of services; to explore the spatial impacts of digital services at different scales (regional, urban, local); and to understand how a system of mobile services can encourage new spatial uses and new collective behavior in the quest for better spatial quality of places. Useful critical analysis of international case studies is also included with the aim of verifying the opportunities afforded by new digital services not only to improve the urban efficiency but also to foster the evolution of urban communities through enhancement of the public realm. The book will be a source of valuable insights for both scholars and local administrators and operators involved in smart city projects.

Next Generation Microchannel Heat Exchangers

Author: Michael Ohadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461407796
Size: 12.76 MB
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In Next Generation Microchannel Heat Exchangers, the authors’ focus on the new generation highly efficient heat exchangers and presentation of novel data and technical expertise not available in the open literature. Next generation micro channels offer record high heat transfer coefficients with pressure drops much less than conventional micro channel heat exchangers. These inherent features promise fast penetration into many mew markets, including high heat flux cooling of electronics, waste heat recovery and energy efficiency enhancement applications, alternative energy systems, as well as applications in mass exchangers and chemical reactor systems. The combination of up to the minute research findings and technical know-how make this book very timely as the search for high performance heat and mass exchangers that can cut costs in materials consumption intensifies.