Simulation Of Industrial Processes For Control Engineers

Author: Philip J Thomas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080517247
Size: 10.61 MB
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Computer simulation is the key to comprehending and controlling the full-scale industrial plant used in the chemical, oil, gas and electrical power industries. Simulation of Industrial Processes for Control Engineers shows how to use the laws of physics and chemistry to produce the equations to simulate dynamically all the most important unit operations found in process and power plant. The book explains how to model chemical reactors, nuclear reactors, distillation columns, boilers, deaerators, refrigeration vessels, storage vessels for liquids and gases, liquid and gas flow through pipes and pipe networks, liquid and gas flow through installed control valves, control valve dynamics (including nonlinear effects such as static friction), oil and gas pipelines, heat exchangers, steam and gas turbines, compressors and pumps, as well as process controllers (including three methods of integral desaturation). The phenomenon of markedly different time responses ("stiffness") is considered and various ways are presented to get around the potential problem of slow execution time. The book demonstrates how linearization may be used to give a diverse check on the correctness of the as-programmed model and explains how formal techniques of model validation may be used to produce a quantitative check on the simulation model's overall validity. The material is based on many years' experience of modelling and simulation in the chemical and power industries, supplemented in recent years by university teaching at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. Several important new results are presented. The depth is sufficient to allow real industrial problems to be solved, thus making the book attractive to engineers working in industry. But the book's step-by-step approach makes the text appropriate also for post-graduate students of control engineering and for undergraduate students in electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering who are studying process control in their second year or later.

Identification Of Multivariable Industrial Processes

Author: Yucai Zhu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447120582
Size: 75.74 MB
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Identification of Multivariable Industrial Processes presents a unified approach to multivariable industrial process identification. It concentrates on industrial processes with reference to model applications. The areas covered are experiment design, model structure selection, parameter estimation as well as error bounds of the transfer function. This publication is intended to fill the gap between modern systems and control theory and industrial application. It is based on the results of 10 years of research and application experiences. The theories and models discussed are fully explained and illustrated with case studies. At an early stage the reader is introduced to real applications.

Advanced Industrial Control Technology

Author: Peng Zhang
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437778089
Size: 51.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Control engineering seeks to understand physical systems, using mathematical modeling, in terms of inputs, outputs and various components with different behaviors. It has an essential role in a wide range of control systems, from household appliances to space flight. This book provides an in-depth view of the technologies that are implemented in most varieties of modern industrial control engineering. A solid grounding is provided in traditional control techniques, followed by detailed examination of modern control techniques such as real-time, distributed, robotic, embedded, computer and wireless control technologies. For each technology, the book discusses its full profile, from the field layer and the control layer to the operator layer. It also includes all the interfaces in industrial control systems: between controllers and systems; between different layers; and between operators and systems. It not only describes the details of both real-time operating systems and distributed operating systems, but also provides coverage of the microprocessor boot code, which other books lack. In addition to working principles and operation mechanisms, this book emphasizes the practical issues of components, devices and hardware circuits, giving the specification parameters, install procedures, calibration and configuration methodologies needed for engineers to put the theory into practice. Documents all the key technologies of a wide range of industrial control systems Emphasizes practical application and methods alongside theory and principles An ideal reference for practicing engineers needing to further their understanding of the latest industrial control concepts and techniques

Process Analysis And Simulation In Chemical Engineering

Author: Iván Darío Gil Chaves
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319148125
Size: 15.52 MB
Format: PDF
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This book offers a comprehensive coverage of process simulation and flowsheeting, useful for undergraduate students of Chemical Engineering and Process Engineering as theoretical and practical support in Process Design, Process Simulation, Process Engineering, Plant Design, and Process Control courses. The main concepts related to process simulation and application tools are presented and discussed in the framework of typical problems found in engineering design. The topics presented in the chapters are organized in an inductive way, starting from the more simplistic simulations up to some complex problems.

Computational Methods For Process Simulation

Author: W. Fred Ramirez
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080529691
Size: 67.69 MB
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Process Modelling and simulation have proved to be extremely successful engineering tools for the design and optimisation of physical, chemical and biochemical processes. The use of simulation has expanded rapidly over the last two decades because of the availability of large high-speed computers and indeed has become even more widespread with the rise of the desk-top PC resources now available to nearly every engineer and student. In the chemical industry large, realistic non-linear problems are routinely solved with the aid of computer simulation. This has a number of benefits, including easy assessment of the economic desirability of a project, convenient investigation of the effects of changes to system variables, and finally the introduction of mathematical rigour into the design process and inherent assumptions that may not have been there before. Computational Methods for Process Simulation develops the methods needed for the simulation of real processes to be found in the process industries. It also stresses the engineering fundamentals used in developing process models. Steady state and dynamic systems are considered, for both spatially lumped and spatially distributed problems. It develops analytical and numerical computational techniques for algebraic, ordinary and partial differential equations, and makes use of computer software routines that are widely available. Dedicated software examples are available via the internet. Written for a compulsory course element in the US Includes examples using software used in academia and industry Software available via the Internet

Practical Process Control For Engineers And Technicians

Author: Wolfgang Altmann
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080480251
Size: 42.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is aimed at engineers and technicians who need to have a clear, practical understanding of the essentials of process control, loop tuning and how to optimize the operation of their particular plant or process. The reader would typically be involved in the design, implementation and upgrading of industrial control systems. Mathematical theory has been kept to a minimum with the emphasis throughout on practical applications and useful information. This book will enable the reader to: * Specify and design the loop requirements for a plant using PID control * Identify and apply the essential building blocks in automatic control * Apply the procedures for open and closed loop tuning * Tune control loops with significant dead-times * Demonstrate a clear understanding of analog process control and how to tune analog loops * Explain concepts used by major manufacturers who use the most up-to-date technology in the process control field · A practical focus on the optimization of process and plant · Readers develop professional competencies, not just theoretical knowledge · Reduce dead-time with loop tuning techniques

Theoretical Chemical Engineering

Author: Christo Boyadjiev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642107788
Size: 14.41 MB
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The role of theory in science was formulated very brilliantly by Max Planck: Experimenters are the striking force of science. The experiment is a question which science puts to nature. The measurement is the registration of nature’s answer. But before the question is put to nature,it must be formulated. Before the measurement result is used,itmust be explained, i.e., the answer must be understood correctly. These two problems are obligations of the theoreticians. Chemical engineering is an experimental science, but theory permits us to formulate correct experimental conditions and to understand correctly the exp- imental results. The theoretical methods of chemical engineering for modeling and simulation of industrial processes are surveyed in this book. Theoretical chemical engineering solves the problems that spring up from the necessity for a quantitative description of the processes in the chemical industry. They are quite different at the different stages of the quantitative description, i.e., a wide circle of theoretical methods are required for their solutions. Modeling and simulation are a united approach to obtain a quantitative description of the processes and systems in chemical engineering and chemical technology, which is necessary to clarify the process mechanism or for optimal process design, process control, and plant renovation. Modeling is the creation of the mathematical model, i.e., construction of the mathematical description (on the basis of the process mechanism), calculation of the model parameters (using experimental data), and statistical analysis of the model adequacy.

Simulation And Modeling Methodologies Technologies And Applications

Author: Nuno Pina
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364234335X
Size: 78.40 MB
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The present book includes extended and revised versions of a set of selected papers from the 1st International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications (SIMULTECH 2011) which was sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and held in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands. SIMULTECH 2011 was technically co-sponsored by the Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS), GDR I3, Lionphant Simulation and Simulation Team and held in cooperation with ACM Special Interest Group on Simulation and Modeling (ACM SIGSIM) and the AIS Special Interest Group of Modeling and Simulation (AIS SIGMAS).

Advanced Process Control And Simulation For Chemical Engineers

Author: Hossein Ghanadzadeh Gilani
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466568887
Size: 49.86 MB
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This book offers a modern view of process control in the context of today’s technology. It provides innovative chapters on the growth of educational, scientific, and industrial research among chemical engineers. It presents experimental data on thermodynamics and provides a broad understanding of the main computational techniques used for chemical processing. Readers will gain an understanding of the areas of process control that all chemical engineers need to know. The information is presented in a concise and readable format. The information covers the basics and also provides unique topics, such as using a unified approach to model representations, statistical quality control, and model-based control. The methods presented have been successfully applied in industry to solve real problems. Designed as an advanced research guide in process dynamics and control, the book will be useful in chemical engineering courses as well as for the teaching of mechanical, nuclear, industrial, and metallurgical engineering.

Advanced Control Of Industrial Processes

Author: Piotr Tatjewski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1846286352
Size: 47.56 MB
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This book presents the concepts and algorithms of advanced industrial process control and on-line optimization within the framework of a multilayer structure. It describes the interaction of three separate layers of process control: direct control, set-point control, and economic optimization. The book features illustrations of the methodologies and algorithms by worked examples and by results of simulations based on industrial process models.