Simulation In Textile Technology

Author: D Veit
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097083
Size: 17.62 MB
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The use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation can vastly improve the quality, efficiency and economic success of textile technology. Simulation in textile technology provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production. After an introduction to modelling and simulation, Simulation in textile technology goes on to review the principles and applications of the main types of model. The book first discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic. It then considers computational fluid dynamics and finite element modelling. The modelling of fibrous structures and yarns are considered in the following chapters, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures. The book concludes by reviewing the simulation of textile processes and machinery. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Simulation in textile technology is a valuable reference tool for all those involved in both developing models of textile processes and those applying them to improve process efficiency and product quality. Provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production Discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic Considers the modelling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures

Advances In Military Textiles And Personal Equipment

Author: E Sparks
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095579
Size: 59.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The right clothing and equipment is of vital importance to the survival and effectiveness of military personnel. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment summarises key research on the design, manufacture and applications of military textiles. Beginning with an overview of design issues, part one explores anthropometric methods, psychological, colour and camouflage issues related to the successful design of military textiles. Materials and design issues in military helmets, footwear and hand wear are also reviewed. Part two goes on to consider applications of particular types of military clothing and equipment, including optimisation of body armour design, high performance ballistic protection using polymer nanocomposite technology as well as advances in materials and modelling of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear protective clothing. Finally, Advances in military textiles and personal equipment looks specifically at designing load carriage and advanced hydration systems for military personnel. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in military textiles and personal equipment is an invaluable resource for all those working in the design, manufacture and production of military clothing and equipment, as well as for the defence industry itself. Summarises key research on the design, manufacture and applications of military textiles Begins with an overview of the issues related to the successful design of military textiles and reviews materials and design issues in military helmets, footwear and hand wear Sections consider applications of particular types of military clothing and equipment, including optimisation of body armour design, and discusses advances in materials and modelling of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear protective clothing

Multidisciplinary Know How For Smart Textiles Developers

Author: Tünde Kirstein
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093533
Size: 63.82 MB
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Smart-textiles developers draw on diverse fields of knowledge to produce unique materials with enhanced properties and vast potential. Several disciplines outside the traditional textile area are involved in the construction of these smart textiles, and each individual field has its own language, specific terms and approaches. Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers provides a filtered knowledge of these areas of expertise, explaining key expressions and demonstrating their relevance to the smart-textiles field. Following an introduction to the new enabling technologies, commercialisation and market trends that make up the future of smart-textiles development, part one reviews materials employed in the production of smart textiles. Types and processing of electro-conductive and semiconducting materials, optical fibres for smart photonic textiles, conductive nanofibres and nanocoatings, polymer-based resistive sensors, and soft capacitance fibres for touch-sensitive smart textiles are all discussed. Part two then investigates such technologies as the embedding of electronic functions, the integration of thin-film electronics, and the development of organic and large-area electronic (OLAE) technologies for smart textiles. Joining technologies are also discussed, alongside kinetic, thermoelectric and solar energy harvesting technologies, and signal processing technologies for activity-aware smart textiles. Finally, product development and applications are the focus of part three, which investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved sustainability, before the book concludes by exploring medical, automotive and architectural applications of smart textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers is a key tool for readers working in industries including design, fashion, textiles, through to electronics, computing and material science. It also provides a useful guide to the subject for academics working across a wide range of fields. Reviews materials used in the production of smart textiles Examines the technologies used in smart textiles, such as optical fibres and polymer based resistive sensors Investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved development

Advances In The Dyeing And Finishing Of Technical Textiles

Author: M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709761X
Size: 49.41 MB
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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Woven Textile Structure

Author: B K Behera
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845697812
Size: 34.47 MB
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Understanding and predicting the structure and properties of woven textiles is important for achieving specific performance characteristics in various woven applications. Woven textiles are used in a range of products such as apparel, technical and industrial textiles. Woven textile structure: Theory and applications provides comprehensive coverage of the structure, behaviour, modeling and design of woven fabrics and their relevance to the textile industry. The first group of chapters review the fundamental principles of woven fabric structures. Part two discusses the mechanics of woven fabrics, topics include shrinkage in woven fabrics, yarn behaviour in woven fabrics and bending behaviour of woven fabrics. Part three presents a selection of chapters on design engineering of woven fabrics, themes such as textile product design methods and modelling for woven fabric design are covered. A final group of chapters is dedicated to addressing practical applications of woven fabrics. Woven textile structure: Theory and applications is essential reading for designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles and garments. It will also bebeneficial to academics and students. Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of woven fabric structure including geometrical modeling Examines mechanisms of woven fabric structure featuring shrinkage, buckling, bending and creasing behaviour of textiles Illustrates mathematical modeling and building predictive models for textile product design incorporating validation and testing

Structure And Mechanics Of Woven Fabrics

Author: Jinlian Hu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845690400
Size: 53.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Fabric mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, tested and manufactured and underpin the way woven fabrics are used in the modern world. With fully comprehensive coverage of all aspects of fabric anisotropy, stress-strain relationships and fabric drape modelling and testing, Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics, discusses and exemplifies all major aspects of fabric mechanics and their relevance to every stage of the contemporary textile industry. After a general introduction illustrating the role and study of woven fabric mechanics, the first group of chapters examines the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven fabrics. Sections cover the general behaviour of these properties, how they are modelled and their anisotropy. Drape deformation modelling is covered extensively, one chapter detailing theory and a second, computation and simulation. The properties of fabrics with seams and fabric complex deformation analysis and simulation are also detailed. Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics is an essential reference for all textile academics, students, researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering all areas of textile material applications, from composites and geotextiles, to medical textiles and biotextiles. Investigates the behaviour of woven fabrics Discusses advanced methods including finite volume methods

Biomechanical Engineering Of Textiles And Clothing

Author: Yan Li
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845691482
Size: 37.99 MB
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Biomechanical engineering enables wearers to achieve the highest level of comfort, fit and interaction from their clothing as it is designed with the mechanics of the body in mind. This enables products to be developed that are specifically designed for the mechanics of their end purpose (e.g. sports bra) as well as the everyday movement of the body. This is the first book to systematically describe the techniques of biomechanical engineering principles, methods, computer simulation, measurements and applications. Biomechanical engineering of textiles and clothing addresses issues of designing and producing textiles and clothing for optimum interaction and contact with the body. It covers the fundamental theories, principles and models behind design and engineering for the human body’s biomechanics, contact problems arising between textiles/clothing and the body and the mechanics of fibres, yarns, textiles and clothing. Material properties are discussed in relation to mechanical performance. It also includes coverage of the Clothing Biomechanical Engineering System developed at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and its associated models and databases. The book concludes with practical examples of clothing applications to illustrate how to carry out biomechanical engineering design for specific applications. Addresses issues of designing and producing textiles for interaction and contact with the body Covers fundamental theories, principles and models behind design and engineering Contains practical examples of clothing applications to illustrate biomechanical engineering design for specific applications

Advances In Braiding Technology

Author: Yordan Kyosev
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081004265
Size: 23.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Braiding is the process of interlacing three or more threads or yarns in a diagonal direction to the product axis in order to obtain thicker, wider or stronger textiles or, in the case of overbraiding, in order to cover a profile. Braids are becoming the reinforcement of choice in composite manufacturing, and have found a range of technical applications in fields including medicine, candles, transport and aerospace. Building on the information provided in Prof. Kyosev’s previous book, Braiding Technology for Textiles, this important title covers advanced technologies and new developments for the manufacture, applications and modelling of braided products. Part One covers the braiding of three-dimensional profiles, and includes a detailed overview of three-dimensional braiding technologies as well as chapters devoted to specific kinds of 3D braiding. Part Two addresses specialist braiding techniques and applications, and includes chapters reviewing the use of braids for medical textiles and candles. Part Three focuses on braiding techniques for ropes and Part Four reviews braiding for composites. The final part of the book considers modelling and simulation, and covers topics including overbraiding simulation, Finite Element Method (FEM) modelling and geometrical modelling. Covers advanced braiding techniques, technical applications, and modelling and simulation of braided textiles. Focused on the needs of the textile industry by offering suitable breadth and depth of coverage of a range of braiding manufacturing technology, applications and modelling techniques in a single volume. Written by an eminent team of authors, composed of leading scientists and developers in the field who have a wealth of relevant, first-hand experience in braiding, and edited by a high-profile editor who is an expert in his field.

Innovative Jacquard Textile Design Using Digital Technologies

Author: Frankie Ng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098705
Size: 67.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Jacquard fabrics feature intricately woven designs. Through the use of digital technology, new design concepts, principles and methods for producing jacquard fabrics have been established, facilitating the creation of a range of novel effects. Innovative jacquard textile design using digital technologies is a unique guide to the fundamental design principles, techniques and applications resulting from this important development. Beginning with an introduction to jacquard textile design, the book goes on to give an overview of the development of jacquard fabrics and textile design methods. The principles and methods of digital jacquard textile design are considered, followed by a chapter on structural digital design. Subsequent chapters cover the digital design of colourless and colourful jacquard textiles, and the use of novel simulative effects, shot effects and double-face effects in jacquard textiles. A review of the applications of digitally designed jacquard textiles is then presented before the book concludes with a discussion of current issues and future trends in digital jacquard textile design. With its distinguished authors, Innovative jacquard textile design using digital technologies is an authoritative guide for all those looking to employ this exciting technology in their work, including designers and product developers in the textile, interior and apparel industries, and academics interested in this field. Provides a unique guide to the fundamental design principles, techniques and applications of jacquard textile design Covers structural digital design, digital design of colourless and colourful jacquard textiles, simulative effects, shot effects and double-face effects Includes a comprehensive discussion of current issues and future trends in digital jacquard textile design