Shaping Technology Building Society

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker
Publisher: The MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262521949
Size: 54.12 MB
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Technology is everywhere, yet a theory of technology and its social dimension remainsto be fully developed. Building on the influential book The Social Construction of TechnologicalSystems, this volume carries forward the project of creating a theory of technological developmentand implementation that is strongly grounded in both sociology and history. The 12 essays addressthe central question of how technologies become stabilized, how they attain a final form and usethat is generally accepted. The essays are tied together by a general introduction, partintroductions, and a theoretical conclusion.The first part of the book examines and criticizes theidea that technologies have common life cycles; three case studies cover the history of a successfulbut never produced British jet fighter, the manipulation of patents by a French R&D company togain a market foothold, and the managed development of high-intensity fluorescent lighting to servethe interests of electricity suppliers as well as the producing company.The second part looks atbroader interactions shaping technology and its social context: the question of who was to define"steel," the determination of what constitutes radioactive waste and its proper disposal, and thesocial construction of motion pictures as exemplified by Thomas Edison's successful development ofthe medium and its commercial failure.The last part offers theoretical studies suggestingalternative approaches to sociotechnologies; two studies argue for a strong sociotechnology in whichartifact and social context are viewed as a single seamless web, while the third looks at the waysin which a social program is a technology.Wiebe E. Bijker is Associate Professor at the Universityof Limburg, The Netherlands. John Law is Professor in Sociology at the University of Keele,Staffordshire, England.

The Social Construction Of Technological Systems

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262300877
Size: 47.77 MB
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This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume's title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

Of Bicycles Bakelites And Bulbs

Author: Wiebe E. Bijker
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262522274
Size: 18.91 MB
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The stories of the safety bicycle, the first truly synthetic plastic, and the fluorescent light bulb -each a fascinating case study in itself- reflect a cross-section of time periods, engineering and scientific disciplines, and economic, social, and political cultures. The bicycle story explores such issues as the role of changing gender relationships in shaping a technology; the Bakelite story examines the ways in which social factors intrude even in cases of seemingly pure chemistry and entrepreneurship; and the fluorescent bulb story offers insights into the ways in which political and economic relationships can affect the form of a technology.

How Users Matter

Author: Nelly Oudshoorn
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262651097
Size: 39.95 MB
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A collection of essays that examines how users shape and are shaped by technology in all phases, from design to use.

Technology And Society

Author: Deborah G. Johnson
Publisher: The MIT Press
ISBN:
Size: 39.34 MB
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An anthology of writings by thinkers ranging from Freeman Dyson to Bruno Latour that focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and values and how these may affect the future.

Knowledge Technology And Law

Author: Emilie Cloatre
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136002081
Size: 21.29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The relationships between knowledge, technologies, and legal processes are central to the constitution of contemporary societies. As such, they have come to provide the focus for a range of academic projects, across interdisciplinary legal studies and the social sciences. The domains of medical law and ethics, intellectual property law, environmental law and criminal law are just some of those within which the pervasive place and ‘impact’ of technoscience is immediately apparent. At the same time, social scientists investigating the making of technology and expertise - in particular, scholars working within the tradition of science and technology studies - frequently interrogate how regulation and legal processes, and the making of knowledge and technologies, are intermingled in complex ways that come to shape and define each other. This book charts the important interface between studies of law, science and society, as explored from the perspectives of socio-legal studies and the increasingly influential field of science and technology studies. It brings together scholars from both areas to interrogate the joint roles of law and science in the construction and stabilization of socio-technical networks, objects, and standards, as well as their place in the production of contemporary social realities and subjectivities.

The Handbook Of Science And Technology Studies

Author: Edward J. Hackett
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262083647
Size: 57.44 MB
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Science and Technology Studies is a flourishing interdisciplinary field that examinesthe creation, development, and consequences of science and technology in their cultural, historical,and social contexts. The New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies provides a comprehensive andauthoritative overview of the field, reviewing current research and major theoretical andmethodological approaches and analyzing emergent issues in a form that is accessible to new andestablished scholars from a range of disciplines. Handbook chapters review the dominant theoreticalperspectives of STS, present the current state of research on a spectrum of topics in the field,analyze changes brought about by the commercialization of science, study interactions betweenscience and other institutions, examine the role of experts and the public in scientific andtechnological decision making, and consider the cultural and social dimensions of new technologies.The New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies is the third in a series of volumes sponsored bythe Society for Social Studies of Science that have defined the field of Science and TechnologyStudies. It will be an essential resource for scholars in that field as well as for those in suchneighboring disciplines as anthropology, history, philosophy, sociology, law, political science,feminist and critical theory, and literary studies.Edward J. Hackett is Professor in the School ofHuman Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University and Director of the Division of Socialand Economic Sciences at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Olga Amsterdamska teaches socialstudies of science, philosophy of science, and history of medicine in the Science and TechnologyStudies program at the University of Amsterdam. Michael Lynch is Professor of Science and TechnologyStudies at Cornell University. Judy Wajcman is Professor of Sociology in the Demography andSociology Program at Australia National University. Contributors Vincanne Adams, Warwick Anderson,Brian Balmer, Daneil Barben, Pablo Boczkowski, Steve Breyman, Massimiano Bucchi, Regula Burri, NancyCampbell, Adele E. Clarke, H.M. Collins, Susan E. Cozzens, Jennifer L. Croissant, Park Doing, JosephDumit, Steven Epstein, Henry Etzkowitz, Robert Evans, Erik Fisher, Stefan Fuchs, Sonia Gatchair,Ronald N. Giere, Thomas F. Gieryn, Namrata Gupta, David H. Guston, Adam Hedgecoe, Christopher R.Henke, David Hess, Linda Hogle, Alan Irwin, Sheila Jasanoff, Deborah G. Johnson, David Kaiser,William Keith, Carol Kemelgor, Kyung-Sup Kim, Andrew Lakoff, Bruno Latour, Leah A. Lievrouw,Margaret Lock, Brian Martin, Paul Martin, Philip Mirowski, Cyrus Mody, Federico Neresini, GonzaloOrdóñez, Nelly Oudshoorn, Trevor Pinch, Alex Preda, Brian Rappert, William Rehg, Marina Ranga,Cynthis Selin, Esther-Mirjam Sent, Steven Shapin, Sergio Sismondo, Laurel Smith-Doerr, MiriamSolomon, Susan Leigh Star, John Stone, Lucy Suchman, Anupit Supnithadnaporn, Charles Thorpe, StephenTurner, The Virtual Knowledge Studio, Jameson M. Wetmore, Sally Wyatt, Steven Yearley

Inside The Politics Of Technology

Author: Hans Harbers
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053567569
Size: 61.88 MB
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Though the old saying claims that man is the measure of all things, the authors of Inside the Politics of Technology argue that the distinction implied between autonomous humans and neutral instruments of technology is an illusion. On the contrary, the technologies humans create simultaneously shape humans themselves. By means of case studies of technologies as diverse as video cameras, electric cars, pregnancy tests, and genetic screenings, this volume considers the implications of this "co-production" of technology and society for our philosophical and political ideas. Are only humans endowed with social, political, and moral agency, or does our technology share those qualities? And if so, how should we understand—or practice—a politics of technology?