Seminal Contributions To Modelling And Simulation

Author: Khalid Al-Begain
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319337866
Size: 17.13 MB
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Marking the 30th anniversary of the European Conference on Modelling and Simulation (ECMS), this inspirational text/reference reviews significant advances in the field of modelling and simulation, as well as key applications of simulation in other disciplines. The broad-ranging volume presents contributions from a varied selection of distinguished experts chosen from high-impact keynote speakers and best paper winners from the conference, including a Nobel Prize recipient, and the first president of the European Council for Modelling and Simulation (also abbreviated to ECMS). This authoritative book will be of great value to all researchers working in the field of modelling and simulation, in addition to scientists from other disciplines who make use of modelling and simulation approaches in their work.

Microeconometrics

Author: A. Colin Cameron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139444867
Size: 10.18 MB
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This book provides the most comprehensive treatment to date of microeconometrics, the analysis of individual-level data on the economic behavior of individuals or firms using regression methods for cross section and panel data. The book is oriented to the practitioner. A basic understanding of the linear regression model with matrix algebra is assumed. The text can be used for a microeconometrics course, typically a second-year economics PhD course; for data-oriented applied microeconometrics field courses; and as a reference work for graduate students and applied researchers who wish to fill in gaps in their toolkit. Distinguishing features of the book include emphasis on nonlinear models and robust inference, simulation-based estimation, and problems of complex survey data. The book makes frequent use of numerical examples based on generated data to illustrate the key models and methods. More substantially, it systematically integrates into the text empirical illustrations based on seven large and exceptionally rich data sets.

Molecular Modeling And Simulation

Author: Tamar Schlick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387224645
Size: 34.97 MB
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Very broad overview of the field intended for an interdisciplinary audience; Lively discussion of current challenges written in a colloquial style; Author is a rising star in this discipline; Suitably accessible for beginners and suitably rigorous for experts; Features extensive four-color illustrations; Appendices featuring homework assignments and reading lists complement the material in the main text

Microsimulation As A Tool For The Evaluation Of Public Policies

Author: Amedeo Spadaro
Publisher: Fundacion BBVA
ISBN: 8496515176
Size: 25.97 MB
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Esta publicación recoge las contribuciones de los expertos que participaron en el encuentro internacional del mismo nombre, celebrado con el apoyo de la Fundación BBVA. Durante este encuentro, se presentó el SimFundaciónBBVA, un modelo de microsimulación capaz de anticipar los efectos sobre la población española de los posibles cambios en el sistema fiscal -particularmente, en el impuesto sobre la renta-, al que, en la actualidad, se puede acceder libremente desde la página web de la Fundación (www.fbbva.es). En este libro se explican los fundamentos teóricos de la microsimulación como técnica microeconométrica de evaluación de las políticas públicas. Basadas en la representación del comportamiento de los individuos frente a cambios reales o hipotéticos en su entorno económico e institucional, las técnicas de microsimulación se realizan con modelos de alta precisión y exactitud, y permiten predecir el impacto que una política determinada ejercerá sobre una muestra de individuos, familias o empresas representativa de la población total. Asimismo, se ilustran varias aplicaciones de modelos desarrollados en España, Italia y Noruega; en las áreas sanitaria, energética, fiscal y agrícola; en el comercio internacional e, incluso, como instrumento para determinar políticas de lucha contra la pobreza a nivel supranacional. Los modelos de microsimulación, al permitir evaluar ex-ante diferentes escenarios, pueden contribuir a mejorar el diseño y la eficacia de las políticas públicas, así como a facilitar la toma de decisiones en áreas fundamentales.

Computer Vision

Author: Richard Szeliski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781848829466
Size: 40.84 MB
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Humans perceive the three-dimensional structure of the world with apparent ease. However, despite all of the recent advances in computer vision research, the dream of having a computer interpret an image at the same level as a two-year old remains elusive. Why is computer vision such a challenging problem and what is the current state of the art? Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Principles Of Modeling And Simulation

Author: John A. Sokolowski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118210948
Size: 76.20 MB
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Explores wide-ranging applications of modeling and simulation techniques that allow readers to conduct research and ask "What if??" Principles of Modeling and Simulation: A Multidisciplinary Approach is the first book to provide an introduction to modeling and simulation techniques across diverse areas of study. Numerous researchers from the fields of social science, engineering, computer science, and business have collaborated on this work to explore the multifaceted uses of computational modeling while illustrating their applications in common spreadsheets. The book is organized into three succinct parts: Principles of Modeling and Simulation provides a brief history of modeling and simulation, outlines its many functions, and explores the advantages and disadvantages of using models in problem solving. Two major reasons to employ modeling and simulation are illustrated through the study of a specific problem in conjunction with the use of related applications, thus gaining insight into complex concepts. Theoretical Underpinnings examines various modeling techniques and introduces readers to two significant simulation concepts: discrete event simulation and simulation of continuous systems. This section details the two primary methods in which humans interface with simulations, and it also distinguishes the meaning, importance, and significance of verification and validation. Practical Domains delves into specific topics related to transportation, business, medicine, social science, and enterprise decision support. The challenges of modeling and simulation are discussed, along with advanced applied principles of modeling and simulation such as representation techniques, integration into the application infrastructure, and emerging technologies. With its accessible style and wealth of real-world examples, Principles of Modeling and Simulation: A Multidisciplinary Approach is a valuable book for modeling and simulation courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an indispensable reference for researchers and practitioners working in statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science, economics, and the social sciences who would like to further develop their understanding and knowledge of the field.

Land Use Modelling In Planning Practice

Author: Eric Koomen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400718227
Size: 54.14 MB
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This book provides an overview of recent developments and applications of the Land Use Scanner model, which has been used in spatial planning for well over a decade. Internationally recognized as among the best of its kind, this versatile model can be applied at a national level for trend extrapolation, scenario studies and optimization, yet can also be employed in a smaller-scale regional context, as demonstrated by the assortment of regional case studies included in the book. Alongside these practical examples from the Netherlands, readers will find discussion of more theoretical aspects of land-use models as well as an assessment of various studies that aim to develop the Land-Use Scanner model further. Spanning the divide between the abstractions of land-use modelling and the imperatives of policy making, this is a cutting-edge account of the way in which the Land-Use Scanner approach is able to interrogate a spectrum of issues that range from climate change to transportation efficiency. Aimed at planners, researchers and policy makers who need to stay abreast of the latest advances in land-use modelling techniques in the context of planning practice, the book guides the reader through the applications supported by current instrumentation. It affords the opportunity for a wide readership to benefit from the extensive and acknowledged expertise of Dutch planners, who have originated a host of much-used models.

Geologic Modeling And Simulation

Author: Daniel F. Merriam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461513596
Size: 72.91 MB
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Modeling and simulation were introduced to the earth sciences about four decades ago. Modeling has proven its worth and now it is an accepted procedure for analyzing and solving geological problems. The papers in this collection are focused on modeling sediment deposition and sedimentary sequences and have a decidedly practical flavor. Some of the leading simulation packages, such as CORRELATOR, SEDFLUX, SEDpak, SEDSIM, STRATA, and STRATSIM are applied to problems in hydrocarbon exploration, oil production, groundwater development, coal-bed appraisal, geothermics, and environmental diagnosis. All of these subjects fall under the broad heading of sedimentary basin analysis. The fifteen papers in this volume are written by internationally recognized experts from academia and industry. The contributions represent the status of geologic modeling and simulation at the start of the 21st century, and will give the reader an insight into current research problems and their possible solutions.

Foundations Of Distributed Artificial Intelligence

Author: G. M. P. O'Hare
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471006756
Size: 33.87 MB
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This up-to-date collection of contributions from around the globe examines theoretical principles and practical applications, combines a broad view of the field with detailed examinations of specific research topics, and offers superb coverage at both introductory and advanced levels.

Water Resource Systems Planning And Management

Author: Daniel P. Loucks
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319442341
Size: 79.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.