Second Generation Biometrics The Ethical Legal And Social Context

Author: Emilio Mordini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400738927
Size: 16.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5457
Download
While a sharp debate is emerging about whether conventional biometric technology offers society any significant advantages over other forms of identification, and whether it constitutes a threat to privacy, technology is rapidly progressing. Politicians and the public are still discussing fingerprinting and iris scan, while scientists and engineers are already testing futuristic solutions. Second generation biometrics - which include multimodal biometrics, behavioural biometrics, dynamic face recognition, EEG and ECG biometrics, remote iris recognition, and other, still more astonishing, applications – is a reality which promises to overturn any current ethical standard about human identification. Robots which recognise their masters, CCTV which detects intentions, voice responders which analyse emotions: these are only a few applications in progress to be developed. This book is the first ever published on ethical, social and privacy implications of second generation biometrics. Authors include both distinguished scientists in the biometric field and prominent ethical, privacy and social scholars. This makes this book an invaluable tool for policy makers, technologists, social scientists, privacy authorities involved in biometric policy setting. Moreover it is a precious instrument to update scholars from different disciplines who are interested in biometrics and its wider social, ethical and political implications.

Routledge Handbook Of European Politics

Author: José M. Magone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317628365
Size: 37.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6647
Download
Since the Treaty of the European Union was ratified in 1993, the European Union has become an important factor in an ever-increasing number of regimes of pooled sovereignty. This Handbook seeks to present a valuable guide to this new and unique system in the twenty-first century, allowing readers to obtain a better understanding of the emerging multilevel European governance system that links national polities to Europe and the global community. Adopting a pan-European approach, this Handbook brings together the work of leading international academics to cover a wide range of topics such as: the historical and theoretical background the political systems and institutions of both the EU and its individual member nations political parties and party systems political elites civil society and social movements in European politics the political economy of Europe public administration and policy-making external policies of the EU. This is an invaluable and comprehensive resource for students, scholars, researchers and practitioners of the European Union, European politics and comparative politics.

Biometrics Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522509844
Size: 33.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7504
Download
Security and authentication issues are surging to the forefront of the research realm in global society. As technology continues to evolve, individuals are finding it easier to infiltrate various forums and facilities where they can illegally obtain information and access. By implementing biometric authentications to these forums, users are able to prevent attacks on their privacy and security. Biometrics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a multi-volume publication highlighting critical topics related to access control, user identification, and surveillance technologies. Featuring emergent research on the issues and challenges in security and privacy, various forms of user authentication, biometric applications to image processing and computer vision, and security applications within the field, this publication is an ideal reference source for researchers, engineers, technology developers, students, and security specialists.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives On Contemporary Conflict Resolution

Author: Novais, Paulo
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522502467
Size: 24.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7666
Download
Since the dawn of human speech and interaction, there have been conflicts among individuals, regions, and whole nations. Disagreements, miscommunications, no matter the name they take; conflicts will continue to be present in every field of work or study. New technologies such as social media have extended people’s ability to communicate, and therefore dispute, making additional research and practical solutions for resolving conflict all the more necessary. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Contemporary Conflict Resolution presents theoretical perspectives on the causes of diverse conflicts, approaches novel disputes and the technology associated therein, and provides readers with multifaceted solutions to the myriad of potential arguments and disagreements that arise as part of the human condition. This interdisciplinary publication is a critical resource for researchers, legal practitioners, policy makers, government officials, and students and educators in the fields of political science, communication studies, and business.

Combating Security Breaches And Criminal Activity In The Digital Sphere

Author: Geetha, S.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522501940
Size: 25.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 3521
Download
With the rapid advancement in technology, a myriad of new threats have emerged in online environments. The broad spectrum of these digital risks requires new and innovative methods for protection against cybercrimes. Combating Security Breaches and Criminal Activity in the Digital Sphere is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on current trends in cyber forensic investigations, focusing on advanced techniques for protecting information security and preventing potential exploitation for online users. Featuring law enforcement perspectives, theoretical foundations, and forensic methods, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, analysts, researchers, technology developers, and upper-level students.

Encyclopedia Of Information Ethics And Security

Author: Quigley, Marian
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1591409888
Size: 66.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6533
Download
Rapid technological advancement has given rise to new ethical dilemmas and security threats, while the development of appropriate ethical codes and security measures fail to keep pace, which makes the education of computer users and professionals crucial. The Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security is an original, comprehensive reference source on ethical and security issues relating to the latest technologies. Covering a wide range of themes, this valuable reference tool includes topics such as computer crime, information warfare, privacy, surveillance, intellectual property and education. This encyclopedia is a useful tool for students, academics, and professionals.

The Sage Handbook Of Gis And Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 141294645X
Size: 75.50 MB
Format: PDF
View: 301
Download
"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.

Ethics Dumping

Author: Doris Schroeder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319647318
Size: 27.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5425
Download
This book is published under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book provides original, up-to-date case studies of “ethics dumping” that were largely facilitated by loopholes in the ethics governance of low and middle-income countries. It is instructive even to experienced researchers since it provides a voice to vulnerable populations from the fore mentioned countries. Ensuring the ethical conduct of North-South collaborations in research is a process fraught with difficulties. The background conditions under which such collaborations take place include extreme differentials in available income and power, as well as a past history of colonialism, while differences in culture can add a new layer of complications. In this context, up-to-date case studies of unethical conduct are essential for research ethics training.

Encyclopedia Of Science Technology And Ethics

Author: Carl Mitcham
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 840
Download
This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.

Young People Ethics And The New Digital Media

Author: Carrie James
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262258285
Size: 53.82 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3780
Download
Social networking, blogging, vlogging, gaming, instant messaging, downloading music and other content, uploading and sharing their own creative work: these activities made possible by the new digital media are rich with opportunities and risks for young people. This report, part of the GoodPlay Project, undertaken by researchers at Harvard Graduate School of Education's Project Zero, investigates the ethical fault lines of such digital pursuits. The authors argue that five key issues are at stake in the new media: identity, privacy, ownership and authorship, credibility, and participation. Drawing on evidence from informant interviews, emerging scholarship on new media, and theoretical insights from psychology, sociology, political science, and cultural studies, the report explores the ways in which youth may be redefining these concepts as they engage with new digital media. The authors propose a model of "good play" that involves the unique affordances of the new digital media; related technical and new media literacies; cognitive and moral development and values; online and offline peer culture; and ethical supports, including the absence or presence of adult mentors and relevant educational curricula. This proposed model for ethical play sets the stage for the next part of the GoodPlay project, an empirical study that will invite young people to share their stories of engagement with the new digital media.The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning