Science In The Archives

Author: Lorraine Daston
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022643236X
Size: 30.65 MB
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"Science in the Archives" reveals affinities and continuities among the sciences of the archives, across many disciplines and centuries, in order to present a better picture of essential archival practices and, thereby, the meaning of science. For in both the natural and human sciences, archives of the most diverse forms make cumulative, collective knowledge possible. Yet in contrast to laboratories, observatories, or the field, archives have yet to be studied across the board as central sites of science. The volume covers episodes in the history of astronomy, geology, genetics, classical philology, climatology, history, medicine, and ancient natural philosophy, as well as fundamental practices such as collecting, retrieval strategies, and data mining. The time frame spans doxology in Greco-Roman antiquity to NSA surveillance techniques and the quantified-self movement. Each chapter explores the practices, politics, economics, and open-ended potential of the sciences of the archives, making this the first book devoted to the role of archives in the natural and human sciences.

Humans And Machines At Work

Author: Phoebe V. Moore
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319582321
Size: 62.42 MB
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This edited collection provides a series of accounts of workers’ local experiences that reflect the ubiquity of work’s digitalisation. Precarious gig economy workers ride bikes and drive taxis in China and Britain; call centre workers in India experience invasive tracking; warehouse workers discover that hidden data has been used for layoffs; and academic researchers see their labour obscured by a ‘data foam’ that does not benefit them. These cases are couched in historical accounts of identity and selfhood experiments seen in the Hawthorne experiments and the lineage of automation. This book will appeal to scholars in the Sociology of Work and Digital Labour Studies and anyone interested in learning about monitoring and surveillance, automation, the gig economy and the quantified self in the workplace.

Genetics In The Madhouse

Author: Theodore M. Porter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400890500
Size: 79.21 MB
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The untold story of how hereditary data in mental hospitals gave rise to the science of human heredity In the early 1800s, a century before there was any concept of the gene, physicians in insane asylums began to record causes of madness in their admission books. Almost from the beginning, they pointed to heredity as the most important of these causes. As doctors and state officials steadily lost faith in the capacity of asylum care to stem the terrible increase of insanity, they began emphasizing the need to curb the reproduction of the insane. They became obsessed with identifying weak or tainted families and anticipating the outcomes of their marriages. Genetics in the Madhouse is the untold story of how the collection and sorting of hereditary data in mental hospitals, schools for "feebleminded" children, and prisons gave rise to a new science of human heredity. In this compelling book, Theodore Porter draws on untapped archival evidence from across Europe and North America to bring to light the hidden history behind modern genetics. He looks at the institutional use of pedigree charts, censuses of mental illness, medical-social surveys, and other data techniques--innovative quantitative practices that were worked out in the madhouse long before the manipulation of DNA became possible in the lab. Porter argues that asylum doctors developed many of the ideologies and methods of what would come to be known as eugenics, and deepens our appreciation of the moral issues at stake in data work conducted on the border of subjectivity and science. A bold rethinking of asylum work, Genetics in the Madhouse shows how heredity was a human science as well as a medical and biological one.

Science Writing In Greco Roman Antiquity

Author: Liba Taub
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521113709
Size: 12.80 MB
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We access Greek and Roman scientific ideas mainly through those texts which happen to survive. By concentrating only on the ideas conveyed, we may limit our understanding of the meaning of those ideas in their historical context. Through considering the diverse ways in which scientific ideas were communicated, in different types of texts, we can uncover otherwise hidden meanings and more fully comprehend the historical contexts in which those ideas were produced and shared, the aims of the authors and the expectations of ancient readers. Liba Taub explores the rich variety of formats used to discuss scientific, mathematical and technical subjects, from c.700 BCE to the sixth century CE. Each chapter concentrates on a particular genre - poetry, letter, encyclopaedia, commentary and biography - offering an introduction to Greek and Roman scientific ideas, while using a selection of ancient writings to focus on the ways in which we encounter them.

European Politics

Author: Klaus H Goetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317989996
Size: 46.32 MB
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This book arises out of a specially commissioned issue of West European Politics marking the journal's 30th anniversary. It examines the profound changes in the European political landscape over the last three decades, including the fall of Communism; progressive European integration; territorial restructuring; public sector reforms at European, national, regional and local levels; changes in democratic participation, protest, elections, political communication, political parties and party competition; and challenges to the welfare state. The book also discusses how political science has responded to these changes in terms of its substantive focus, concepts, methods and theories. Many of the 17 contributions included identify important challenges for the future, including those stemming from EU integration, the reduced electoral accountability of politicians, the problematic legitimation of party government and the sharpening of the edges of the state. Contributors include K. A. Anderson, F. C. Castles, C. Crouch, M. Egeberg. M. Ferrera, H. Goetz, L. Hooghe, E. M. Immergut, R. F. Inglehart, M. Keating, H.-D. Klingemann H. Kriesi, M. Lodge, J. Lovenduski, P. Mair, G. Marks, Y. Mény, L. Morlino, H. Obinger, V. A. Schmidt, P. C. Schmitter, and G. Smith. This book was published as a special issue of West European Politics.

Author: Thomas Mann
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180311315
Size: 26.10 MB
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Το Μαγικό βουνό είναι ένα αριστούργημα της ευρωπαϊκής λογοτεχνίας από έναν νομπελίστα συγγραφέα που διερευνά τη γοητεία και τον εκφυλισμό των ιδεών σε μια εσωστρεφή κοινότητα τις παραμονές του Μεγάλου Πολέμου. Η υπόθεση είναι φαινομενικά απλή. Ο νεαρός μηχανικός από το Αμβούργο Χανς Κάστορπ επισκέπτεται το σανατόριο Μπέργκχοφ της Ελβετίας για να δει τον ξάδερφό του. Μια μικρή αδιαθεσία και ένας παρατεταμένος πυρετός οδηγούν το γιατρό του σανατορίου, αυλικό σύμβουλο Μπέρενς, να του προτείνει να παρατείνει την παραμονή του. Τελικά ο Χανς Κάστορπ αποφασίζει να μείνει στο σανατόριο για τρεις βδομάδες. Μόνο που οι τρεις βδομάδες, χωρίς να το καταλάβει, μετατρέπονται σε επτά χρόνια, καθώς ο Χανς ερωτεύεται και μεθά από τις ιδέες που ακούει να συζητιούνται εκεί.

Das Verteilte Bild

Author: Simon Rothöhler
Publisher: Verlag Wilhelm Fink
ISBN: 3846763519
Size: 32.21 MB
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Die Ubiquität digitaler Bilder ist ein Effekt ihrer distributiven Versatilität. Sie können nahezu unbegrenzt gespeichert, instantan übertragen, aufwandlos vervielfältigt, vielschichtig visualisiert, verdatet und verarbeitet werden. Ihre Mobilisierung vollzieht sich nicht regellos, sondern folgt einer komplexen Medienlogistik aus Formatstandards, Infrastrukturen und Transportkalkülen. Digitale Bilder werden und sind verteilt: nicht als sessile Objekte, verbindlich feststehende Entitäten, sondern als streamförmig modulierte Prozesse. Die Studie konzeptualisiert Akteure und Agenden des Bilddatenverkehrs, untersucht retrodigitalisierte Archivbildkorpora medienhistoriografisch auf Verteilungsgeschichten und befasst sich mit den › kalmierten ‹ bildsensorischen Operationen in intelligenten Umgebungen.

Odysseas

Author: James Joyce
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.68 MB
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Playing The Numbers

Author: Shane White
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674051072
Size: 44.41 MB
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The phrase “Harlem in the 1920s” evokes images of the Harlem Renaissance, or of Marcus Garvey and soapbox orators haranguing crowds about politics and race. Yet the most ubiquitous feature of Harlem life between the world wars was the game of “numbers.” Thousands of wagers, usually of a dime or less, would be placed on a daily number derived from U.S. bank statistics. The rewards of “hitting the number,” a 600-to-1 payoff, tempted the ordinary men and women of the Black Metropolis with the chimera of the good life. Playing the Numbers tells the story of this illegal form of gambling and the central role it played in the lives of African Americans who flooded into Harlem in the wake of World War I. For a dozen years the “numbers game” was one of America’s rare black-owned businesses, turning over tens of millions of dollars every year. The most successful “bankers” were known as Black Kings and Queens, and they lived royally. Yet the very success of “bankers” like Stephanie St. Clair and Casper Holstein attracted Dutch Schultz, Lucky Luciano, and organized crime to the game. By the late 1930s, most of the profits were being siphoned out of Harlem. Playing the Numbers reveals a unique dimension of African American culture that made not only Harlem but New York City itself the vibrant and energizing metropolis it was. An interactive website allows readers to locate actors and events on Harlem’s streets.