Scheffer Schachtschabel Soil Science

Author: Hans-Peter Blume
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642309429
Size: 47.85 MB
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The soils are fundamental to our existence, delivering water and nutrients to plants, that feed us. But they are in many ways in danger and their conservation is therefore a most important focus for science, governments and society as a whole. A team of world recognised researchers have prepared this first English edition based on the 16th European edition. • The precursors and the processes of soil development • The physical, biological and chemical properties of soils • Nutrients and Pollutants • The various soil classifications with the main focus on the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) • The most important soils and soil landscapes of the world • Soil Evaluation Techniques • Basic Principles of Soil Conservation Whoever works with soils needs this book.

The Red Soils Of China

Author: Michael Wilson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402021374
Size: 43.96 MB
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The red soils of China are typical in their chemical, physical and mineralogical characteristics of red soils in other tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world, particularly in South America, Africa and south-east Asia. For the most part, these soils are highly weathered and inherently infertile. They are acidic, nutrient deficient, poor in organic matter and have a low water-holding and supplying capacity. They cannot sustain arable cropping systems without the most careful management and are highly susceptible to soil erosion, particularly on sloping land. It is the purpose of this book to present recent research showing how the problems associated with using the red soils in China for sustainable agricultural production can be overcome, using a variety of traditional and novel approaches. In principle, these approaches should be useful in other tropical and sub-tropical countries faced with the problem of making the best use of their fragile red soil resources. The term "in principle" is used deliberately because, of course, the different red soil countries invariably operate within dissimilar socio-economic frameworks. At the present time, China may be considered to be in the process of an "industrial revolution", rather like that that took place in Britain in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

United Arab Emirates Keys To Soil Taxonomy

Author: Shabbir A. Shahid
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400774206
Size: 71.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Central to human life and civilization, soils are an integral part of the physical and cultural environment. Although we may take them for granted, the rise and fall of civilizations is closely linked with the use and abuse of soil and water resources. It is therefore important to evaluate soils for their quality and link them to appropriate uses and services. This book provides information on soil classification and shows how to key out taxa relevant to UAE soils. The latest soil inventory of United Arab Emirates reveals that a rather uniform looking desert landscape has, in fact, a diversity of subsurface features. These features confirm the soil diversity in terms of classification, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, fertility, suitability for different uses and vulnerability to land degradation. United Arab Emirates Keys to Soil Taxonomy presents information for keying out the soils of the United Arab Emirates into separate classes and provides a guide to associated laboratory methods. The classification used predominantly is extracted from the 11th edition of the USDA-NRCS Keys to Soil Taxonomy, and sections relevant to the soils found in the UAE are included here. Primarily, this key is designed to fit the soil system of the United Arab Emirates. Information not found in the USDA key has been added, including criteria and classes for: 1) differentiating anhydritic soils from gypsic soils, 2) identifying “lithic” subgroups for Aquisalids and Haplosalids, 3) identifying “salidic” subgroups within the great groups of Gypsids, Calcids, Psamments, and Orthents, and 4) incorporation of phases for soil taxa. A subsurface diagnostic horizon and mineralogy class (anhydritic), not reported earlier in the world soil literature and, recently found in the UAE, has also been added to the book. The book also offers a mechanism for updating the current soil surveys, and will facilitate the correlation of soils from new surveys in the UAE. Additionally, it will help the international soil science community to converse about UAE soils, and facilitate comparison to soils of other regions. These linkages allow countries with similar mapping and classification procedures and similar soils to transfer agriculture technology without conducting long-term experiments under similar environmental conditions, especially for Gulf Cooperation Council countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and Saudi Arabia).

Soil Formation

Author: Nico van Breemen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0585317887
Size: 42.88 MB
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Soils form a unique and irreplaceable essential resource for all terrestrial organisms, including man. Soils form not only the very thin outer skin of the earth's crust that is exploited by plant roots for anchorage and supply of water and nutrients. Soils are complex natural bodies formed under the influence of plants, microorganisms and soil animals, water and air from their parent material, i.e. solid rock or unconsolidated sediments. Physically, chemically and mineralogically they usually differ strongly from the parent material, and normally are far more suitable as a rooting medium for plants. In addition to serving as a substrate for plant growth, including crops and pasture, soils play a dominant role in the biogeochemical cycling of water, carbon, nitrogen and other elements, influencing the chemical composition and turnover rates of substances in the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. Soils take decades to millennia to form. We tread on them and do not usually see their interior, so we tend to take them for granted. But improper and abusive agricultural management, careless land- clearing and reclamation, man-induced erosion, salinisation and acidification, desertification, air- and water pollution, and withdrawal of land for housing, industry and transportation now destroy soils more rapidly than they can be formed.

Soil

Author: Miroslav Kutílek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401797887
Size: 68.84 MB
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The main focus of this monograph is to explain the important role of soil and the environment to a broad audience. Soil is one of the five essential factors crucial for human life. On the one hand the authors describe a responsible approach and use of soil, established on a basic knowledge of the nature of soil and the countless ongoing processes within soil. On the other hand they explain the precarious link between soil and regional environment, which is indispensable for plant and animal communities. In addition to these topics its chapters describe the unique roles of soil texture, soil structure and soil pore systems in hydrologic cycles, plant nutrition and conditions affecting the preservation or eventual extinction of soil. This book concludes with the principles of soil protection and revitalization. General readers with an interest in biology, chemistry, physics or geology will find this book highly informative.

Soils

Author: Khan Towhid Osman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400756631
Size: 46.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Aimed at taking the mystery out of soil science, Soils: Principles, Properties and Management is a text for undergraduate/graduate students who study soil as a natural resource. Written in a reader-friendly style, with a host of examples, figures and tables, the book leads the reader from the basics of soil science through to complex situations, covering such topics as: the origin, development and classification of soil physical, chemical and biological properties of soil water and nutrient management management of problem soils, wetland soils and forest soils soil degradation Further, the ecological and agrological functions of soil are emphasized in the context of food security, biodiversity and climate change. The interactions between the environment and soil management are highlighted. Soil is viewed as an ecosystem itself and as a part of larger terrestrial ecosystems.

Essentials Of Soil Science

Author: Winfried E. H. Blum
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781486308910
Size: 19.57 MB
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This book is an introduction to soil science and describes the development of soils, their characteristics and material composition, and their functions in terrestrial and aquatic environments. Soil functions include the delivery of goods and services for human society, such as food, clean water, and the maintenance of biodiversity. This concise yet comprehensive text is supplemented throughout with colour illustrations, diagrams, and tables. It is ideal reading for all those looking to understand soils, their functions, their importance in terrestrial and aquatic environments, and their contribution to the development of human society. It will provide a valuable resource for teachers, practitioners, and students of soil science, agriculture, farming, forestry, gardening, terrestrial and aquatic ecology, and environmental engineering.

Soil Science Working For A Living

Author: David Dent
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331945417X
Size: 45.94 MB
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This book discusses gritty issues that society faces every day: food and water security, environmental services provided by farmers, almost accidentally, and taken for granted by everyone else, the capability of the land to provide our needs today and for the foreseeable future and pollution of soil, air and water. The chapters are grouped in four main themes: soil development - properties and qualities; assessment of resources and risks; soil fertility, degradation and improvement and soil contamination, monitoring and remediation. It is a selection of papers presented at the Pedodiversity in Space and Time Symposium held at Chernivtsi National University, Ukraine, 15-19 September 2015.

Digital Soil Morphometrics

Author: Alfred E. Hartemink
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319282956
Size: 45.98 MB
Format: PDF
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This book is about digital soil morphometrics which is defined as the application of tools and techniques for measuring, mapping and quantifying soil profile properties, and deriving depth functions of soil properties. The book is structured along four research topics: (i) Soil profile properties, (ii) Soil profile imaging, (iii) Soil depth functions, and (iv) Use and applications. The pedon is at the heart of digital soil morphometrics. The use of digital soil morphometrics exceeds the pedology and soil classification purpose that it currently serves – it is used in rapid soil assessment that are needed in a range of biophysical studies. Digital soil morphometrics has the potential to enhance our understanding of soils and how we view them. The book presents highlights from The IUSS Inaugural Global Workshop on Digital Soil Morphometrics held in June 2015 in Madison, USA.

Scheffer Schachtschabel Lehrbuch Der Bodenkunde

Author: Hans-Peter Blume
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662499606
Size: 61.27 MB
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Böden sind eine unserer wichtigsten Lebensgrundlagen. Sie liefern Wasser und Nährstoffe an die Pflanzen, die uns ernähren, und halten Schadstoffe vom Grundwasser fern. Aber sie sind auf vielfältige Weise gefährdet. Ihr Schutz ist daher eine der wichtigsten Aufgaben für Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft. Ein Team anerkannter Autoren beschreibt in der 16. Auflage dieses renommierten und erfolgreichen Lehrbuchs · die Vorgänge der Bodenbildung und -entwicklung, · die physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Eigenschaften der Böden, · Nähr- und Schadstoffe, · die verschiedenen Bodensystematiken (Deutschland, USA, FAO-UNESCO, WRB), · die wichtigsten Böden und Bodenlandschaften Mitteleuropas und der Welt, · die Nutzungsbewertung der Böden, · Grundsätze des Bodenschutzes. Die 16. Auflage wurde völlig neu bearbeitet und neu strukturiert. Für das Studium überflüssiges Wissen ist gekürzt. Einige Kapitel wurden aber auch stark erweitert, v.a. die Bodenbiologie. Die Grafiken sind erstmals 2-farbig, und es gibt insgesamt drei Tafeln mit Farbfotos von Bodenprofilen. Wer sich mit Böden befasst, braucht dieses Buch.