Research On Pisa

Author: Manfred Prenzel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400744579
Size: 70.81 MB
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The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an important part of the OECD's Indicator Programme. It collects data and provides comparative indicators of education systems in OECD member and partner countries. PISA provides datasets of outstanding quality regarding samples, instruments and analyses. In addition to its important function for educational monitoring, the PISA datasets are the basis of a wide range of secondary analyses from a number of different scientific perspectives and disciplines. The aim of this book is to make some of the outstanding PISA related research results available for a wider audience. Specifically four research areas will be focused: (1) Content related research; (2) Methodological research; (3) Context related research; (4) Research on trends in PISA. Each part of the book is devoted to one of these areas and will start with an introduction from a leading expert in the field followed by chapters covering research conducted in this field.

Assessing Mathematical Literacy

Author: Kaye Stacey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319101218
Size: 54.28 MB
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This book describes the design, development, delivery and impact of the mathematics assessment for the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). First, the origins of PISA’s concept of mathematical literacy are discussed, highlighting the underlying themes of mathematics as preparation for life after school and mathematical modelling of the real world, and clarifying PISA’s position within this part of the mathematics education territory. The PISA mathematics framework is introduced as a significant milestone in the development and dissemination of these ideas. The underlying mathematical competencies on which mathematical literacy so strongly depends are described, along with a scheme to use them in item creation and analysis. The development and implementation of the PISA survey and the consequences for the outcomes are thoroughly discussed. Different kinds of items for both paper-based and computer-based PISA surveys are exemplified by many publicly released items along with details of scoring. The novel survey of the opportunity students have had to learn the mathematics promoted through PISA is explained. The book concludes by surveying international impact. It presents viewpoints of mathematics educators on how PISA and its constituent ideas and methods have influenced teaching and learning practices, curriculum arrangements, assessment practices, and the educational debate more generally in fourteen countries.

Handbook Of International Large Scale Assessment

Author: Leslie Rutkowski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439895120
Size: 72.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Technological and statistical advances, along with a strong interest in gathering more information about the state of our educational systems, have made it possible to assess more students, in more countries, more often, and in more subject domains. The Handbook of International Large-Scale Assessment: Background, Technical Issues, and Methods of Data Analysis brings together recognized scholars in the field of ILSA, behavioral statistics, and policy to develop a detailed guide that goes beyond database user manuals. After highlighting the importance of ILSA data to policy and research, the book reviews methodological aspects and features of the studies based on operational considerations, analytics, and reporting. The book then describes methods of interest to advanced graduate students, researchers, and policy analysts who have a good grounding in quantitative methods, but who are not necessarily quantitative methodologists. In addition, it provides a detailed exposition of the technical details behind these assessments, including the test design, the sampling framework, and estimation methods, with a focus on how these issues impact analysis choices.

Sensor Systems And Software

Author: Stephen Hailes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642115276
Size: 66.20 MB
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The First International ICST Conference on Sensor Systems and Software (S-cube 2009) was held during 7–8 September in Pisa, Italy. This new international conference was dedicated to addressing the research challenges facing system dev- opment and software support for systems based on wireless sensor networks (WSNs) that have the potential to impact society in many ways. Currently, wireless sensor networks introduce innovative and interesting application scenarios that may support a large amount of different applications including environmental monitoring, disaster prevention, building automation, object tracking, nuclear reactor control, fire det- tion, agriculture, healthcare, and traffic monitoring. The widespread acceptance of these new services can be improved by the definition of frameworks and architectures that have the potential to radically simplify software development for wireless sensor network-based applications. The aim of these new architectures is to support flexible, scalable programming of applications based on adaptive middleware. As a con- quence, WSNs require novel programming paradigms and technologies. Moreover, the design of new complex systems, characterized by the interaction of different and heterogeneous resources, will allow the development of innovative applications that meet high-performance goals. Hence, WSNs require contributions from many fields such as embedded systems, distributed systems, data management, system security and applications. The conference places emphasis on layers well above the traditional MAC and routing and transport layer protocols.

Asymptotics In Dynamics Geometry And Pdes Generalized Borel Summation

Author: Ovidiu Costin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788876423796
Size: 48.98 MB
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These are the proceedings of a one-week international conference centered on asymptotic analysis and its applications. They contain major contributions dealing with - mathematical physics: PT symmetry, perturbative quantum field theory, WKB analysis, - local dynamics: parabolic systems, small denominator questions, - new aspects in mould calculus, with related combinatorial Hopf algebras and application to multizeta values, - a new family of resurgent functions related to knot theory.

Pedagogical Stylistics

Author: Michael Burke
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441123121
Size: 64.21 MB
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This book offers a global exploration of current theory and practice in the teaching of stylistics and the implementation of stylistic techniques in teaching other subjects. Pedagogical stylistics is a field that looks at employing stylistic analysis in teaching, with the aim of enabling students to better understand literature, language and also improving their language acquisition. It is also concerned with the best practice in teaching stylistics. The book discusses a broad range of interrelated topics including hypertext, English as a Foreign Language, English as a Second Language, poetry, creative writing, and metaphor. Leading experts offer focused, empirical studies on specific developments, providing in-depth examinations of both theoretical and practical teaching methods. This interdisciplinary approach covers linguistics and literature from the perspective of current pedagogical methodology, moving from general tertiary education to more specific EFL and ESL teaching. The role of stylistics in language acquisition is currently underexplored. This contemporary collection provides academics and practitioners with the most up to date trends in pedagogical stylistics and delivers analyses of a diverse range of teaching methods.

Advances In Information Retrieval

Author: Mohand Boughanem
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642009573
Size: 55.25 MB
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These proceedings contain the papers presented at ECIR 2009, the 31st - ropean Conference on Information Retrieval. The conference was organized by the Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse (IRIT), in cooperation with the Information Retrieval Specialist Group of the British Computer So- ety (BCS-IRSG) and was supported by the Special Interest Group on Infor- tion Retrieval (ACM SIGIR), the French Association of Information Retrieval (ARIA) and E-IRSG. It was held during April 6-9, 2007 in Toulouse, hosted by the Pierre Baudis congress center. ECIR 2009 con?rmed the growth trend of submissions, with 188 full-paper submissions. Many of these submissions came from outside Europe, and 25 countries were represented in the ?nal ECIR 2009 program, re?ecting the international po- larityandreputationoftheconferenceseries.Furthermorethetraditionalstrong focus on students was well preserved, with their participation being great. All submitted papers were reviewed by at least three members of the int- national Program Committee. Out of the 188 papers 42 were selected as full research papers and a further 18 were accepted as short research papers. Short papers were given 8 pages in the proceedings (instead of 12). Out of these 60 selected papers, 30 have a student as the primary author. The accepted papers themselves come from a mixture of universities, researchinstitutes and comm- cial organizations. There was also a separate call for posters. Each of the 60 poster submissions wasreviewedbythreeProgramCommitteemembers, aswithpapersubmissions. Twenty-?ve posters were accepted for presentation. Takentogether, thesepaperscoverthestateoftheartininformationretrieval, including topicssuchasretrievalmodels, evaluationandWeb search, andeme- ing topics such as learning to rank, expert search and opinion detection.

Improving Reading Comprehension Of Middle And High School Students

Author: Kristi L. Santi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147358
Size: 17.79 MB
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This volume focuses on our understanding of the reading comprehension of adolescents in a high stakes academic environment. Leading researchers share their most current research on each issue, covering theory and empirical research from a range of specializations, including various content areas, English language learners, students with disabilities, and reading assessment. Topics discussed include: cognitive models of reading comprehension and how they relate to typical or atypical development of reading comprehension, reading in history classes, comprehension of densely worded and symbolic mathematical texts, understanding causality in science texts, the more rigorous comprehension standards in English language arts classes, balancing the practical and measurement constraints of the assessment of reading comprehension, understanding the needs and challenges of English language learners and students in special education with respect to the various content areas discussed in this book. This book is of interest to researchers in literacy and educational psychology as well as curriculum developers.