Reconnecting Markets

Author: Estelle Biénabe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317070380
Size: 58.40 MB
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The rapid changes taking place in the structure and governance of national and regional agri-food markets in developing countries seriously affect the ability of agriculture, especially small-scale agriculture, to contribute to economic growth and sustainable development. Reconnecting Markets is the second volume of case examples from the Regoverning Markets programme (2005-2008). It focuses on the keys to inclusion of small-scale farmers and rural SMEs into dynamic national and regional markets. The cases document specific arrangements that appear to have played a positive role in supporting greater inclusion, such as public policies and business initiatives, collective action by farmers and support from development agencies.

Renewing Innovation Systems In Agriculture And Food

Author: E. Coudel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9086867685
Size: 26.44 MB
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Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc. This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.

The Supermarket Revolution And Food Security In Namibia

Author: Nickanor, Ndeyapo
Publisher: Southern African Migration Programme
ISBN: 192059728X
Size: 43.70 MB
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The surprisingly high rate of supermarket patronage in low-income areas of Windhoek, Namibia’s capital and largest city, is at odds with conventional wisdom that supermarkets in African cities are primarily patronized by middle and high-income residents and therefore target their neighbourhoods. What is happening in Namibia and other Southern African countries that make supermarkets so much more accessible to the urban poor? What are they buying at supermarkets and how frequently do they shop there? Further, what is the impact of supermarket expansion on informal food vendors? This report, which presents the findings from the South African Supermarkets in Growing African Cities project research in 2016-2017 in Windhoek, looks at the evidence and tries to answer these questions and others. The research and policy debate on the relationship between the supermarket revolution and food security is also discussed. Here, the issues include whether supermarket supply chains and procurement practices mitigate rural food insecurity through providing new market opportunities for smallholder farmers; the impact of supermarkets on the food security and consumption patterns of residents of African cities; and the relationship between supermarket expansion and governance of the food system, particularly at the local level.

2017 The State Of Food And Agriculture

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251098735
Size: 43.29 MB
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One of the greatest challenges today is to end hunger and poverty while making agriculture and food systems sustainable. The challenge is daunting because of continued population growth, profound changes in food demand, and the threat of mass migration of rural youth in search of a better life. This report presents strategies that can leverage the potential of food systems to become the engine of inclusive economic development and rural prosperity in low-income countries. It analyses the structural and rural transformations now under way, and examines the opportunities and challenges they present to millions of small-scale food producers. It shows how an “agroterritorial” planning approach, focused on connecting cities and towns and their surrounding rural areas, combined with agro-industrial and infrastructure development can generate income opportunities throughout the food sector and underpin sustainable and inclusive rural transformation.

Apprendre Innover Dans Un Monde Incertain

Author: Emilie Coudel
Publisher: Editions Quae
ISBN: 2759218589
Size: 46.64 MB
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La 4e de couv. indique : "L'agriculture est aujourd'hui interpellée par la société, qui exige bien plus qu'une simple production alimentaire : aliments de qualité, services environnementaux, insertion de populations marginalisées, revitalisation des territoires ruraux, développement de productions énergétiques... Cette ouverture des futurs agricoles incite les acteurs ruraux à expérimenter de nouveaux systèmes de production et valorisation, faisant ainsi preuve de créativité et d'obstination pour exister face aux modèles de développement dominants. Parallèlement, ces modèles dominants fondés sur la production de masse à moindre coût continuent à s'étendre, avec les promesses d'un futur basé sur les technologies vertes. Ces évolutions posent des questions. Quel type de développement durable les sociétés veulent-elles ? Comment choisir les innovations qui leur permettront d'y parvenir ? Quels rôles peuvent jouer la recherche et les politiques publiques pour favoriser l'émergence de ces innovations ? Au-delà de l'analyse des options techniques, cet ouvrage s'intéresse aux innovations sociales et institutionnelles. Il démontre que l'innovation est le résultat d'une confrontation entre des visions portées par des acteurs aux intérêts parfois divergents. Il n'y a pas de chemin unique vers un développement durable, il faut à la fois encourager l'émergence et la coexistence de différents modes d'agriculture et de systèmes alimentaires. Le succès ne dépendra pas uniquement de notre capacité à repenser les modèles existants mais également de notre volonté à nous engager dans un processus d'apprentissage dont nous sortirons forcément transformés"

Sustainability Of The Agri Food System Strategies And Performances

Author: Bernardo De Gennaro
Publisher: Universitas Studiorum
ISBN: 8897683606
Size: 42.59 MB
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The 2013 annual conference of the Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA) has been held in the attractive scenario of the city of Lecce under the organization of three different Universities of the Apulia Region (Università degli Studi di Bari, Università degli Studi di Foggia and Università del Salento). The scientific theme of the 50th SIDEA Conference has been “Sustainability of the agri-food system: Strategies and Performances” (Sostenibilità del Sistema Agroalimentare: strategie e performance). With such a topic, the SIDEA intended to cope with the challenges coming from a growing demand of food in a world where critical natural resources such as water, energy and land are becoming increasingly scarce and climate change is posing credible threats. The agri-food system and the broader bio-based economy are, in fact, human activities where the classic dimensions of sustainability (ecological, economic and social) are gaining a striking weight often showing evidence of frictions. Despite a significant growth in food production over the past century, today one of the most important challenges facing agro-food system is how to feed a growing population.

Regoverning Markets

Author: Derek Ray
Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409458164
Size: 63.93 MB
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The internationalisation of food retailing and manufacturing that has swept through the agri-food system in industrialised countries is now moving into middle- and low-income countries with large rural populations, causing significant institutional changes that affect small producer agriculture and the livelihoods of rural communities the world over. Farmers and policy-makers are struggling to keep up with the wave of new demands being made on their supply chains by food manufacturers and retailers. In the process, new questions and challenges are arising: Can small-scale farmers organise to meet the demands of corporate giants? Should governments liberalise Foreign Direct Investment in the retail sector and expose numerous small shops to competition from multinationals? Can distribution systems be adapted to make markets work better for the poor? This book offers a contemporary look at what happens when the modernisation of food supply chains comes face to face with the livelihoods of rural and poor people. The authors are drawn from eighteen countries participating in the 'Regoverning Markets' programme, which aims to not only improve our understanding of the way modernisation and re-structuring of food supply chains is affecting food production and distribution systems, but also identify best-practice in involving small-scale producers in supermarket supply chains, and ascertain the barriers to inclusion which need to be removed. The book is aimed primarily at academics but will also appeal to practitioners in developing countries, civil servants, policy-makers and NGOs.

Commercial And Inclusive Value Chains

Author: Malcolm Harper
Publisher: Practical Action
ISBN: 9781853398674
Size: 67.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Commercial and Inclusive Value Chains includes case studies on fifteen profitable and inclusive value chains from different countries in Western, Eastern and North Eastern Africa, and from India, Cambodia, Peru.

Sustainable Food Systems

Author: Robert Biel
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 191130707X
Size: 58.32 MB
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Faced with a global threat to food security, it is perfectly possible that society will respond, not by a dystopian disintegration, but rather by reasserting co-operative traditions. This book, by a leading expert in urban agriculture, offers a genuine solution to today’s global food crisis. By contributing more to feeding themselves, cities can allow breathing space for the rural sector to convert to more organic sustainable approaches. Biel’s approach connects with current debates about agroecology and food sovereignty, asks key questions, and proposes lines of future research. He suggests that today’s food insecurity – manifested in a regime of wildly fluctuating prices – reflects not just temporary stresses in the existing mode of production, but more profoundly the troubled process of generating a new one. He argues that the solution cannot be implemented at a merely technical or political level: the force of change can only be driven by the kind of social movements which are now daring to challenge the existing unsustainable order.Drawing on both his academic research and teaching, and 15 years’ experience as a practicing urban farmer, Biel brings a unique interdisciplinary approach to this key global issue, creating a dialogue between the physical and social sciences

Blueprint For A Green Economy

Author: David William Pearce
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781853830662
Size: 11.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The most influential account available of the policies needed to achieve sustainability in a national economy. A winner of the Guiseppe Mazzoti prize for literature, it is widely referred to by policy makers throughout the world, and has been adopted as a student text on a number of courses.