Rare Diseases And Orphan Drugs

Author: Jules J. Berman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124200095
Size: 52.90 MB
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Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs shows that much of what we now know about common diseases has been achieved by studying rare diseases. It proposes that future advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of common diseases will come as a consequence of our accelerating progress in the field of rare diseases. Understanding the complex steps in the development of common diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic diseases, has proven a difficult problem. Rare diseases, however, are often caused by aberrations of a single gene. In rare diseases, we may study how specific genetic defects can trigger a series of events that lead to the expression of a particular disease. Often, the disease process manifested in a certain rare disease is strikingly similar to the disease process observed in a common disease. This work ties the lessons learned about rare diseases to our understanding of common ones. Chapters covering the number of common diseases are minimized, while rare diseases are introduced as single diseases or as members of diseases classes. After reading this book, readers will appreciate how further research into the rare diseases may lead to new methods for preventing, diagnosing, and treating all diseases, rare or common. Makes rare diseases relevant to clinicians and researchers by tying lessons learned about the rare diseases to our understanding of the common diseases Stresses basic pathologic mechanisms that account for human disease (e.g., disorders of cell development, replication, maintenance, function and structure), that can be understood without prior training in pathology Discusses advanced concepts in molecular biology and genetics in a simple, functional context appropriate for medical trainees and new researchers Offers insights into how further research into rare diseases may lead to new methods for preventing, diagnosing, and treating all diseases.

Physicians Guide To Rare Diseases

Author: Jess G. Thoene
Publisher: Dowden Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780962871610
Size: 52.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This classic reference, now with almost 900 disease descriptions, is edited by nationally known pediatrician Jess G. Thoene, M.D. & provides a quick, organized approach to identifying puzzling & unusual symptoms, giving patients the opportunity for early diagnosis & treatment. Special features include: * A full color atlas of visual clues, cross referenced to disease listings. * Thirteen separate specialty sections with an expert overview to introduce each section. Eminent clinicians from the outstanding research centers in rare diseases give you the current status of research & practical approaches to diagnosis & therapy of the rare diseases in that specialty. * Full reference to more than 250 orphan drugs. Each drug is cross referenced to the appropriate disease description. * Clear language for the Layperson. Though written for physicians, the descriptions of diseases, symptoms & treatments are clear & understandable for patients, educators & others outside the medical profession. Each disease description provides symptomatology, etiology, affected population & a comparison of related disorders. Each disease description contains a list of other resources to consult: voluntary agencies, units of the National Institutes of Health, research centers around the country, etc. Addresses & phone numbers are provided in a central reference. Library Journal: "...PHYSICIAN'S GUIDE...is recommended for medical collections & public libraries with consumer health collections."

Nord Guide To Rare Disorders

Author: National Organization for Rare Disorders
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781730631
Size: 17.91 MB
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NORD Guide to Rare Disorders is a comprehensive, practical, authoritative guide to the diagnosis and management of more than 800 rare diseases. The diseases are discussed in a uniform, easy-to-follow format--a brief description, signs and symptoms, etiology, related disorders, epidemiology, standard treatment, investigational treatment, resources, and references.The book includes a complete directory of orphan drugs, a full-color atlas of visual diagnostic signs, and a Master Resource List of support groups and helpful organizations. An index of symptoms and key words offers physicians valuable assistance in finding the information they need quickly.

Precision Medicine And The Reinvention Of Human Disease

Author: Jules J. Berman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128143940
Size: 55.35 MB
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Despite what you may have read in the popular press and in social media, Precision Medicine is not devoted to finding unique treatments for individuals, based on analyzing their DNA. To the contrary, the goal of Precision Medicine is to find general treatments that are highly effective for large numbers of individuals who fall into precisely diagnosed groups. We now know that every disease develops over time, through a sequence of defined biological steps, and that these steps may differ among individuals, based on genetic and environmental conditions. We are currently developing rational therapies and preventive measures, based on our precise understanding of the steps leading to the clinical expression of diseases. Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease explains the scientific breakthroughs that have changed the way that we understand diseases, and reveals how medical scientists are using this new knowledge to launch a medical revolution. Clarifies the foundational concepts of Precision Medicine, distinguishing this field from its predecessors such as genomics, pharmacogenetics, and personalized medicine. Gathers the chief conceptual advances in the fields of genetics, pathology, and bioinformatics, and synthesizes a coherent narrative for the field of Precision Medicine. Delivers its message in plain language, and in a relaxed, conversational writing style, making it easy to understand the complex subject matter. Guides the reader through a coherent and logical narrative, gradually providing expertise and skills along the way. Covers the importance of data sharing in Precision Medicine, and the many data-related challenges that confront this fragile new field.

Orphan

Author: Philip R. Reilly
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781621821373
Size: 33.93 MB
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Orphan is about the struggle to save the lives of children who, because of an unlucky roll of the genetic dice, are born with any one of several thousand rare genetic disorders. Many are burdened with diseases that carry mysterious names, some of which you will read about for the first time in this book, along with compelling stories about the physicians, scientists, and parents who have taken them on. Orphan is more than a book about disease and research-it gives voice to thousands of people who, all too often, have endured terrible illnesses, bravely faced arduous clinical trials, and (sometimes) known victories, almost always in silence. It recounts extraordinary breakthroughs and hopes for the future. Many of the disorders that will end our lives are in some part genetically influenced. We really are all orphans, and this book is for all of us.

Rare Diseases In The Age Of Health 2 0

Author: Rajeev K. Bali
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642386431
Size: 36.84 MB
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This text focuses on various factors associated with orphan diseases and the influence and role of health information technologies. Orphan diseases have not been adopted by the pharmaceutical industry because they provide little financial incentive to treat or prevent it. It is estimated that 6,000-7,000 orphan diseases exist today; as medical knowledge continues to expand, this number is likely to become much greater. The book highlights the opportunities and challenges in this increasingly important area. The book explores new avenues which are opened by information technologies and Health 2.0, and highlights also economic opportunities of orphan disease medicine. The editors of this new book have international experience and competencies in the key areas of patient empowerment, healthcare and clinical knowledge management, healthcare inequalities and disparities, rare diseases and patient advocacy.

Orphan Drugs And Rare Diseases

Author: David C Pryde
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782624201
Size: 18.55 MB
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Orphan drugs are designated drug substances that are intended to treat rare or ‘orphan’ diseases. More than 7000 rare diseases are known that collectively affect some 6-7% of the developed world’s population; however, individually, any single, rare disease may only affect a handful of people making them commercially unattractive for the biopharmaceutical industry to target. Ground breaking legislation, starting with the Orphan Drug Act that was passed in the US in 1983 to provide financial incentives for companies to develop orphan drugs, has sparked ever increasing interest from biopharmaceutical companies to tackle rare diseases. These developments have made rare diseases, and the orphan drugs that treat them, sufficiently attractive to pharmaceutical development and many pharmaceutical companies now have research units dedicated to this area of research. It is therefore timely to review the area of orphan drugs and some of the basic science, drug discovery and regulatory factors that underpin this important, and growing, area of biomedical research. Written by a combination of academic and industry experts working in the field, this text brings together expert authors in the regulatory, drug development, genetics, biochemistry, patient advocacy group, medicinal chemistry and commercial domains to create a unique and timely reference for all biomedical researchers interested in finding out more about orphan drugs and the rare diseases they treat. Providing an up-to-date monograph, this book covers the basic science, drug discovery and regulatory elements behind orphan drugs and will appeal to medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists, biochemists and anyone working within the fields of rare disease research and drug development or pharmaceuticals in industry or academia.

Rare Diseases Epidemiology Update And Overview

Author: Manuel Posada de la Paz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319671448
Size: 68.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The fields of rare diseases research and orphan products development continue to expand with more products in research and development status. In recent years, the role of the patient advocacy groups has evolved into a research partner with the academic research community and the bio-pharmaceutical industry. Unique approaches to research and development require epidemiological data not previously available to assist in protocol study design and patient recruitment for clinical trials required by regulatory agencies prior to approval for access by patents and practicing physicians.

Registries For Evaluating Patient Outcomes

Author: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/AHRQ
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 1587634333
Size: 73.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This User’s Guide is intended to support the design, implementation, analysis, interpretation, and quality evaluation of registries created to increase understanding of patient outcomes. For the purposes of this guide, a patient registry is an organized system that uses observational study methods to collect uniform data (clinical and other) to evaluate specified outcomes for a population defined by a particular disease, condition, or exposure, and that serves one or more predetermined scientific, clinical, or policy purposes. A registry database is a file (or files) derived from the registry. Although registries can serve many purposes, this guide focuses on registries created for one or more of the following purposes: to describe the natural history of disease, to determine clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of health care products and services, to measure or monitor safety and harm, and/or to measure quality of care. Registries are classified according to how their populations are defined. For example, product registries include patients who have been exposed to biopharmaceutical products or medical devices. Health services registries consist of patients who have had a common procedure, clinical encounter, or hospitalization. Disease or condition registries are defined by patients having the same diagnosis, such as cystic fibrosis or heart failure. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews.

Orphan Lung Diseases

Author: J.-F. Cordier
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISBN: 1849840148
Size: 60.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Orphan lung diseases differ from the more common pulmonary disorders, due to the fact that the respiratory physician will only see a few of them each year or even during their career. However, as a specialist, it is necessary to identify and confirm such a diagnosis in a patient. This Monograph comprehensively covers the most common and/or complex of these orphan lung diseases. This Monograph should be seen as a solid companion for the respiratory specialist each time they need to consider a diagnosis of one of these orphan diseases.