Radioactivity

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444634967
Size: 48.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5021
Download
A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

Radioactivity A Very Short Introduction

Author: Claudio Tuniz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199692424
Size: 18.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5006
Download
Radioactivity - the breakdown of unstable atomic nuclei, releasing radiation - is a fundamental process in nature, and used to provide important applications in science, medicine, and energy production. But it remains misunderstood and feared. In this Very Short Introduction, Claudio Tuniz explains the nature and mechanisms of radioactivity.

Handbook Of Radioactivity Analysis

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123848733
Size: 43.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7754
Download
Authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity.

Nuclear Energy

Author: Raymond Murray
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124166369
Size: 32.65 MB
Format: PDF
View: 822
Download
Nuclear Energy is one of the most popular texts ever published on basic nuclear physics, systems, and applications of nuclear energy. This newest edition continues the tradition of offering a holistic treatment of everything the undergraduate engineering student needs to know in a clear and accessible way. The book presents a comprehensive overview of radioactivity, radiation protection, nuclear reactors, waste disposal, and nuclear medicine. The seventh edition is restructured into three parts: Basic Concepts, Nuclear Power (including new chapters on nuclear power plants and introduction to reactor theory), and Radiation and Its Uses. Part Two in particular has been updated with current developments, including a new section on Reactor Safety and Security (with a discussion of the Fukushima Diiachi accident); updated information on naval and space propulsion; and revised and updated information on radioactive waste storage, transportation, and disposal. Part Three features new content on biological effects of radiation, radiation standards, and radiation detection. Coverage of energy economics integrated into appropriate chapters More worked examples and end of chapter exercises Updated final chapter on nuclear explosions for current geopolitical developments

From Ultra Rays To Astroparticles

Author: Brigitte Falkenburg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400754221
Size: 44.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2976
Download
The scope of the book is to give an overview of the history of astroparticle physics, starting with the discovery of cosmic rays (Victor Hess, 1912) and its background (X-ray, radioactivity). The book focusses on the ways in which physics changes in the course of this history. The following changes run parallel, overlap, and/or interact: - Discovery of effects like X-rays, radioactivity, cosmic rays, new particles but also progress through non-discoveries (monopoles) etc. - The change of the description of nature in physics, as consequence of new theoretical questions at the beginning of the 20th century, giving rise to quantum physics, relativity, etc. - The change of experimental methods, cooperations, disciplinary divisions. With regard to the latter change, a main topic of the book is to make the specific multi-diciplinary features of astroparticle physics clear.

Nuclear Physics An Introduction

Author: S.B. Patel
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 9788122401257
Size: 43.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4691
Download
Dr. S. B. Patel Is Professor Of Physics, Bombay University. He Has Taught Physics For More Than Twenty Years At The B. Sc. And M.Sc Levels At Ramnarain Ruia College, Bombay. He Earned His Ph. D In Nuclear Physics From Tifr-Bombay University In 1976. Later He Was Involved In Post-Doctoral Research At The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, California. His Field Of Specialization Is Nuclear Spectroscopy.

Artificial Radioactivity

Author: P. B. Moon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107643937
Size: 33.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7085
Download
Originally published in 1949, this book provides an outline of the main phenomena and techniques of radioactivity as understood at the time. Moon focuses on the radioactive properties of artificially-made atomic nuclei, as well as both the processes which result in a changed atomic number and those that do not.

Radioactivity

Author: Marjorie C. Malley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199831785
Size: 52.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2621
Download
This is the story of a new science. Beginning with an obscure discovery in 1896, radioactivity led researchers on a quest for understanding that ultimately confronted the intersection of knowledge and mystery. Mysterious from the start, radioactivity attracted researchers who struggled to understand it. What caused certain atoms to give off invisible, penetrating rays? Where did the energy come from? These questions became increasingly pressing when researchers realized the process seemed to continue indefinitely, producing huge quantities of energy. Investigators found cases where radioactivity did change, forcing them to the startling conclusion that radioactive bodies were transmuting into other substances. Chemical elements were not immutable after all. Radioactivity produced traces of matter so minuscule and evanescent that researchers had to devise new techniques and instruments to investigate them. Scientists in many countries, but especially in laboratories in Paris, Manchester, and Vienna unraveled the details of radioactive transformations. They created a new science with specialized techniques, instruments, journals, and international conferences. Women entered the field in unprecedented numbers. Experiments led to revolutionary ideas about the atom and speculations about atomic energy. The excitement spilled over to the public, who expected marvels and miracles from radium, a scarce element discovered solely by its radioactivity. The new phenomenon enkindled the imagination and awakened ancient themes of literature and myth. Entrepreneurs created new industries, and physicians devised novel treatments for cancer. Radioactivity gave archaeologists methods for dating artifacts and meteorologists a new explanation for the air's conductivity. Their explorations revealed a mysterious radiation from space. Radioactivity profoundly changed science, politics, and culture. The field produced numerous Nobel Prize winners, yet radioactivity's talented researchers could not solve the mysteries underlying the new phenomenon. That was left to a new generation and a new way of thinking about reality. Radioactivity presents this fascinating history in a way that is both accessible and appealing to the general reader. Not merely a historical account, the book examines philosophical issues connected with radioactivity, and relates its topics to broader issues regarding the nature of science.

Introduction To Radioactive Minerals

Author: R. J. Lauf
Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited
ISBN: 9780764329128
Size: 29.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3553
Download
Collectors have long admired uranium and thorium minerals for their brilliant colors, intense ultraviolet fluorescence, and rich variety of habits and associates. Radioactive minerals are also critically important as our source of nuclear energy. Understanding them is crucial to the safe disposal of radioactive waste. This book provides a systematic overview of the mineralogy of uranium and thorium, generously illustrated with nearly 200 color photos and electron micrographs of representative specimens. Includes an historical discussion of the discovery of radioactive elements and the development of uranium and thorium ore deposits, a discussion of the geochemical conditions that produce significant deposits, and a description of important localities, their geological setting and history. Major occurrences of interest to mineral collectors are arranged geographically. The minerals are arranged systematically, to emphasize how they fit into chemical groups, and for each group a few minerals are selected to illustrate their formation and general characteristics. With the resurgence of interest in nuclear power, this book is an invaluable guide for mineral collectors as well as nuclear scientists and engineers interested in radioactive deposits.

Radioactivity Radioactive Su

Author: James 1891 Chadwick
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9781373956187
Size: 52.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6497
Download
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.