Promoting Health At The Community Level

Author: Doug Easterling
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452264295
Size: 23.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Promoting Health at the Community Level is the first book to provide a systematic examination of community-based health promotion. Edited by Doug Easterling, Kaia Gallagher, and Dora Lodwick, this innovative text uses seven case studies to evaluate community-driven health promotion and present promising strategies for initiating and sustaining community-based efforts. Individual chapters describe real-world, multi-site health initiatives and summarize their evaluation outcomes. Offering unique lessons for community-based coalitions and supportive organizations, Promoting Health at the Community Level will also inspire academics and students to further explore this innovative approach to health promotion and disease prevention.

Promoting Health And Wellness In Underserved Communities

Author: Anabel Pelham
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.
ISBN: 9781579225681
Size: 54.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Starting from the premise that our health status, vulnerability to accidents and disease, and life spans – as individuals and communities – are determined by the organization, delivery, and financing (or lack thereof) of health care, this book explores how educators and community caretakers teach the complex web of inter-connection between the micro level of individual health and well-being and the macro level of larger social structures. Through the lenses of courses in anthropology, ESL, gerontology, management information systems, nursing, nutrition, psychology, public health, and sociology, the contributors offer examples of intergenerational and interdisciplinary practice, and share cutting-edge academic creativity to model how to employ community service learning to promote social change.

Promoting Health

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309071755
Size: 17.39 MB
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At the dawn of the twenty-first century, Americans enjoyed better overall health than at any other time in the nation's history. Rapid advancements in medical technologies, breakthroughs in understanding the genetic underpinnings of health and ill health, improvements in the effectiveness and variety of pharmaceuticals, and other developments in biomedical research have helped develop cures for many illnesses and improve the lives of those with chronic diseases. By itself, however, biomedical research cannot address the most significant challenges to improving public health. Approximately half of all causes of mortality in the United States are linked to social and behavioral factors such as smoking, diet, alcohol use, sedentary lifestyle, and accidents. Yet less than five percent of the money spent annually on U.S. health care is devoted to reducing the risks of these preventable conditions. Behavioral and social interventions offer great promise, but as yet their potential has been relatively poorly tapped. Promoting Health identifies those promising areas of social science and behavioral research that may address public health needs. It includes 12 papers-commissioned from some of the nation's leading experts-that review these issues in detail, and serves to assess whether the knowledge base of social and behavioral interventions has been useful, or could be useful, in the development of broader public health interventions.

A Dictionary Of Epidemiology

Author: John M. Last Professor of Epidemiology University of Ottawa (Emeritus)
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019977434X
Size: 75.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dictionary making never ends because languages are always changing. Widely used throughout the world, this book will continue to serve as the standard English-language dictionary of epidemiology and many from related fields such as biostatistics, infectious disease control, health promotion, genetics, clinical epidemiology, health economics, and medical ethics. The definitions are clear and concise, but there is space for some brief essays and discussions of the provenance of important terms. Sponsored by the International Epidemiological Association, the dictionary represents the consensus of epidemiologists in many different countries. All the definitions were reviewed repeatedly by an international network of contributors from every major branch of epidemiology. They are authoritative without being authoritarian. The Fourth Edition contains well over 150 new entries anad substantial revisions of about the same number of definitions, plus a dozen new illustrations. Many of the new terms relate to methods used in environmental and clinical epidemiology.

Communities In Action

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309452961
Size: 59.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual’s health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Health Promotion At The Community Level

Author: Neil F. Bracht
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452221502
Size: 37.43 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Like the First Edition, this book serves as a guide to the science and art of community health promotion. The last decade of research and development has considerably advanced the science of achieving and maintaining health. In this new edition, international contributors share their experiences and expertise about diverse health promotion and point out areas needing adjustment in community implementation, both on an international and domestic level.

Community Based Rehabilitation

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789241548052
Size: 43.75 MB
Format: PDF
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Comprises suggestions on how to develop or strengthen community-based rehabilitation programmes and ensure that people with disabilities and their family members are able to access the benefits of the health, education, livelihoods and social sectors. Gives particular consideration to the inclusion of disabled people, their family members, and communities in all development and decision-making processes

The Future Of The Public S Health In The 21st Century

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309133180
Size: 73.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.

The Guide To Community Preventive Services

Author: Task Force on Community Preventive Services
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199759781
Size: 16.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The gold standard for evidence-based public health, The Guide to Community Preventive Services is a primary resource to improve health and prevent disease in states, communities, independent, nonfederal Task Force on Community Preventive Services, The Guide uses comprehensive systemic review methods to evaluate population-oriented health interventions. The recommendations of the Task Force are explicitly linked to the scientific evidence developed during systematic reviews. This volume examines the effectiveness and efficiency of interventions to combat such risky behaviors as tobacco use, physical inactivity, and violence; to reduce the impact and suffering of specific conditions such as cancer, diabetes, vaccine-preventable diseases, and motor vehicle injuries; and to address social determinants oh health such as education, housing, and access to care. The chapters are grouped into three broad categories: changing risk behaviors; reducing specific diseases, injuries, and impairments; and methodological background for the book itself.

Promoting Healthy Behaviour

Author: Dominic Upton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317818873
Size: 25.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There is ever growing recognition by governments and healthcare professionals of the need to respond to the challenges of preventable diseases, especially so-called "lifestyle diseases", and of the influence that social class, gender, ethnicity, as well as individual differences play in health. This text explores the fundamental importance of psychology in the development of these lifestyle diseases, and how an understanding of psychological models is essential for the healthcare practitioner to predict behaviours and develop evidence-based interventions. This thoroughly updated edition includes new chapters looking at health inequalities, health promotion, working with special populations and understanding the role of social and psychological factors in some common conditions. These four additional chapters will enable the reader to better understand the place of lifestyle change within wider society. Beginning with an introduction to healthy behaviour and the context that health practitioners work in, the book goes on to look at issues, including: The role of psychology in lifestyle change Diet, alcohol, smoking and active lifestyles Sexual behaviour Chronic illness and vulnerable populations. Each chapter includes key features including learning objectives, case studies, key points and discussion questions, as well as how to apply the various research and theories to practice. Promoting Healthy Behaviour is a practical and informative guide for your practice both now and in the future, and is invaluable reading for healthcare professionals at any stage of their careers.