Principles And Reactions Of Protein Extraction Purification And Characterization

Author: Hafiz Ahmed
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203507438
Size: 11.70 MB
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Principles and Reactions of Protein Extraction, Purification, and Characterization provides the mechanisms and experimental procedures for classic to cutting-edge techniques used in protein extraction, purification, and characterization. The author presents the principles and reactions behind each procedure and uses tables to compare the different methods. The book also discusses the development of antibodies and immunochemical techniques as tools for characterizing proteins and modified proteins such as glycoproteins. Helpful illustrations, diagrams, and tables effectively transform theoretical concepts into practical knowledge. Along with methodical working procedures for most techniques, the book also offers useful advice on which technique to use and when to apply a particular method. Presenting the advantages and disadvantages of the various protein techniques, Principles and Reactions of Protein Extraction, Purification, and Characterization enables students and researchers to master the mechanisms behind the protocols and choose the best method for their purposes.

Handbook Of Molecular And Cellular Methods In Biology And Medicine Third Edition

Author: Leland J. Cseke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881952
Size: 23.12 MB
Format: PDF
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Several milestones in biology have been achieved since the first publication of the Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine. This is true particularly with respect to genome-level sequencing of higher eukaryotes, the invention of DNA microarray technology, advances in bioinformatics, and the development of RNAi technology. Now in its third edition, this volume provides researchers with an updated tool kit that incorporates conventional as well as modern approaches to tackle biological and medicinal research in the post-genomics era. Significantly revised to address these recent changes, the editors have evaluated, revised, and sometimes replaced protocols with more efficient, more reliable, or simpler ones. The book has also been reorganized with section headings focusing on different biological levels connected to one another, taking into account the central dogma of biology (DNA → RNA → protein → metabolites). The book first explores traditional approaches and then moves to the modern "omics" approaches, including genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. It also discusses the manipulation of biological systems (including RNAi) and macromolecular analyses, focusing on the use of microscopy. In each chapter, various notes and cautionary considerations are presented for potentially hazardous reagents. Filled with diagrams, tables, and figures to clarify methods, most chapters also contain Troubleshooting Guides indicating problems, possible causes, and solutions that may be incurred in carrying out the procedures. Researchers and scientists who master the techniques in this book are putting themselves at the cutting edge of biological and medicinal research.

The Plasma Proteins

Author: Frank W Putnam
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148325867X
Size: 12.34 MB
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The Plasma Proteins, Volume I: Isolation, Characterization, and Function focuses on the reactions, properties, characteristics, and transformations of plasma proteins. The selection first offers information on the fractionation and isolation of purified components by precipitation methods and electrophoretic and ultracentrifugal analysis of normal human serum. Discussions focus on correlation of electrophoretic and ultracentrifugal results, electrophoretic analytical methodology and results, parameters influencing protein solubility, and techniques for the separation of proteins by precipitation methods. The text then ponders on the chromatography of plasma proteins and chemical composition and molecular parameters of purified plasma proteins. The manuscript elaborates on plasma albumin and macroglobulins and high molecular weight antibodies. Topics include immunological properties, physical and chemical properties of normal and pathological macroglobulins, purity, homogeneity, and variability, denaturation behavior, and sulfhydryl groups, mercaptalbumin, and the mercury dimer. The book then examines glycoproteins and metal-binding plasma proteins and cation transport. The selection is a highly recommended reference for biochemists and clinicians interested in plasma proteins.

The Protein Protocols Handbook

Author: John M. Walker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1592591698
Size: 75.52 MB
Format: PDF
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The Protein Protocols Handbook, Second Edition aims to provide a cross-section of analytical techniques commonly used for proteins and peptides, thus providing a benchtop manual and guide for those who are new to the protein chemistry laboratory and for those more established workers who wish to use a technique for the first time. All chapters are written in the same format as that used in the Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series. Each chapter opens with a description of the basic theory behind the method being described. The Materials section lists all the chemicals, reagents, buffers, and other materials necessary for carrying out the protocol. Since the principal goal of the book is to provide experimentalists with a full account of the practical steps necessary for carrying out each protocol successfully, the Methods section contains detailed st- by-step descriptions of every protocol that should result in the successful execution of each method. The Notes section complements the Methods material by indicating how best to deal with any problem or difficulty that may arise when using a given technique, and how to go about making the widest variety of modifications or alterations to the protocol. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1996 there have, of course, been significant developments in the field of protein chemistry.

Affinity Chromatography And Biological Recognition

Author: Irwin Chaiken
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323146627
Size: 61.87 MB
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Affinity Chromatography and Biological Recognition contains manuscripts presented at the Fifth International Symposium on Affinity Chromatography and Biological Recognition convened in June 12-17, 1983, at St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland. Organized into six parts encompassing 82 chapters, the book begins by examining the growing synergism between affinity methods and the understanding and study of basic principles of biological recognition. The book then focuses on the trends and progress in the design and application of affinity methods for isolation, therapeutics, diagnostics, and biotechnology. Significant chapters are devoted to the contributions of affinity methodology in such areas as cell membrane receptors, quantitative properties of macromolecular interactions, microscale analytical and preparative applications of high performance affinity chromatography, antibodies as in vivo and in vitro diagnostic and therapeutic agents, and drug targeting. This volume will be a stimulus for broad and creative application of affinity concepts and methods in many fields of biomedical research and biotechnology.

Introduction To Peptides And Proteins

Author: Ulo Langel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439882045
Size: 35.14 MB
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Human cells produce at least 30,000 different proteins. Each has a specific function characterized by a unique sequence and native conformation that allows it to perform that function. While research in this post-genomic era has created a deluge of invaluable information, the field has lacked for an authoritative introductory text needed to inform researchers and students in all of those fields now concerned with protein research. Introduction to Peptides and Proteins brings together some of the most respected researchers in protein science to present a remarkably coherent introduction to modern peptide and protein chemistry. The first sections of the book delve into – Basic peptide and protein science from assembly through degradation Traditional and emerging research methods including those used in bioinformatics and proteomics New computational approaches and algorithms used to find patterns in the vast data collected by sequencing projects After providing a foundation in tools and methods, the authors closely examine six protein families, including representative classes such as enzymes, cell-surface receptors, antibodies, fibrous proteins, and bioactive peptide classes. They concentrate on biochemical mechanisms and where possible indicate therapeutic or biotechnical possibilities. Then focusing on clinical aspects, the authors investigate misfolding as found in prion diseases, miscleavage as found in Alzheimer’s, and mis-sequencing as found with some cancers. Drawing from some of their own research, the authors summarize recent achievements and emerging applications. They discuss the use of proteins and peptides as drugs and the solid-phase synthesis required for drug production. They also look at the use of peptides as functional biomolecules and research tools. No longer just the domain of biologists, many key advances in protein research started in physics labs and have involved contributions from a host of fields including statistics, drug development, genetics, and chemical spectroscopy. Introduction to Peptides and Proteins provides researchers across these fields with the thorough foundation needed to explore all the potential that protein research offers.

Unity And Diversity In Biochemistry

Author: Marcel Florkin
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483280969
Size: 18.69 MB
Format: PDF
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International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology, Volume 1: Unity and Diversity in Biochemistry focuses on the advancements of processes, techniques, methodologies, and approaches involved in biochemistry. The publication first offers information on the constituents of the biosphere, modes of linkage by covalent bonds and macromolecules, general principles of biochemical energetics, and enzymes. The text then examines the destructive and non-destructive methods in modern biochemistry, priming reactions, and biosynthesis. Discussions focus on the mechanisms for the breakdown of amino acids, glycolysis and the hexosemonophosphate shunt, interrelations between priming reactions, respiratory chains, biochemical investigation and use of isotopes, and use of mutant strains micro-organisms. The manuscript takes a look at cellular topochemistry and regulation, aspects of biochemical diversity, inheritance of biochemical characteristics, and biochemical evolution. Topics include evolution of biochemical systems and constituents, control of biochemical characteristics by genes, biochemical differentiation of cells in a single organism, and factors which determine the velocity and path of enzymatic reaction chains. The selection is a dependable source of data for biochemists and readers interested in the different aspects of biochemistry.

Rna Methodologies

Author: Robert E. Farrell, Jr.
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128046791
Size: 56.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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RNA Methodologies, Fifth Edition continues its tradition of excellence in providing the most up-to-date ribonucleic acid lab techniques for seasoned scientists and graduate students alike. This edition features new material on the exploding field of microRNA as well as the methods for the profiling of gene expression, both which have changed considerably in recent years. As a leader in the field, Dr. Farrell provides a wealth of knowledge on the topic of RNA while also giving readers helpful hints from his own personal experience in this subject area. Beginning with the most contemporary, RNA Methodologies, Fifth Edition, presents the essential techniques to use when working with RNA for the experienced practitioner while at the same time providing images and examples to aid the beginner in fully understanding this important branch of molecular biology. The next generation of scientists can look to this work as a guide for ensuring high productivity and highly representative data, as well as best practices in troubleshooting laboratory problems when they arise. Features new material in miRNA, MIQE guidelines, biomarkers, RNA sequencing, digital PCR and more Includes expanded coverage on quantitative PCR techniques, RNAi, bioinformatics, the role of locked nucleic acids, aptamer biology, PCR arrays, and other modern technologies Presents comprehensive, cutting-edge information covering all aspects of working with RNA Builds from basic information on RNA techniques to in-depth protocols to guidance on how to modify and adjust each step of a particular application Presents multiple avenues for addressing the same experimental goals

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Size: 27.82 MB
Format: PDF
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Olives And Olive Oil In Health And Disease Prevention

Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080922201
Size: 68.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems