Pragmatist Neurophilosophy American Philosophy And The Brain

Author: John R. Shook
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472505859
Size: 80.68 MB
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Pragmatist Neurophilosophy :American Philosophy and the Brainexplains why thebroad tradition ofpragmatism is needed now more than ever. Bringing pragmatist philosophers togetherwith cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists, this volume explores topicsof urgent interest across neuroscience and philosophy from the perspective ofpragmatism. � Discussing how Charles Peirce, William James, John Dewey, andGeorge Mead benefited from their laboratory-knowledge, contributors treat America'sfirst-generation pragmatists as America's first cognitive scientists. They explainwhy scientists today should participate in pragmatic judgments, just as theclassical pragmatists did, and how current scientists can benefit from their earlierphilosophical explorations across the same territory. Looking at recentneuroscientific discoveries in relation to classical pragmatists, they exploreemerging pragmatic views supported directly from the behavioral and brainsciences and describe how "neuropragmatism" engages larger cultural questions byadequately dealing with meaningful values and ethical ideals. PragmatistNeurophilosophy is an important contribution to scholars of bothpragmatism and neuroscience and a timely reminder that America's firstgeneration of pragmatists did not stumble onto its principles, but designedthem in light of biology's new discoveries.

Dictionary Of Early American Philosophers

Author: John R. Shook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441171401
Size: 22.39 MB
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The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, which contains over 400 entries by nearly 300 authors, provides an account of philosophical thought in the United States and Canada between 1600 and 1860.� The label of "philosopher" has been broadly applied in this Dictionary to intellectuals who have made philosophical contributions regardless of academic career or professional title. Most figures were not academic philosophers, as few such positions existed then, but they did work on philosophical issues and explored philosophical questions involved in such fields as pedagogy, rhetoric, the arts, history, politics, economics, sociology, psychology, medicine, anthropology, religion, metaphysics, and the natural sciences. � Each entry begins with biographical and career information, and continues with a discussion of the subject's writings, teaching, and thought. A cross-referencing system refers the reader to other entries. The concluding bibliography lists significant publications by the subject, posthumous editions and collected works, and further reading about the subject.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia Of Philosophers In America

Author: John R. Shook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472570553
Size: 54.54 MB
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For scholars working on almost any aspect of American thought, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America presents an indispensable reference work. Selecting over 700 figures from the Dictionary of Early American Philosophers and the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, this condensed edition includes key contributors to philosophical thought. From 1600 to the present day, entries cover psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology and political science, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy. Clear and accessible, each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, a bibliography of writings and suggestions for further reading. Featuring a new preface by the editor and a comprehensive introduction, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America includes 30 new entries on twenty-first century thinkers including Martha Nussbaum and Patricia Churchland. With in-depth overviews of Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Noah Porter, Frederick Rauch, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, this is an invaluable one-stop research volume to understanding leading figures in American thought and the development of American intellectual history.

Pragmatism And Embodied Cognitive Science

Author: Roman Madzia
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110478935
Size: 41.11 MB
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American pragmatism has been arguably the first intellectual current which systematically built its theories of knowledge, mind and valuation upon the concept of a bodily interaction between an organism and its environment. This book investigates the historical as well as systematic relations between the philosophy of pragmatism and the current theories of mind, known as situated or embodied cognition.

Neurophilosophy Of Free Will

Author: Walter
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262265034
Size: 28.71 MB
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Neuroscientists routinely investigate such classical philosophical topics as consciousness, thought, language, meaning, aesthetics, and death. According to Henrik Walter, philosophers should in turn embrace the wealth of research findings and ideas provided by neuroscience. In this book Walter applies the methodology of neurophilosophy to one of philosophy's central challenges, the notion of free will. Neurophilosophical conclusions are based on, and consistent with, scientific knowledge about the brain and its functioning.Walter's answer to whether there is free will is, It depends. The basic questions concerning free will are (1) whether we are able to choose other than we actually do, (2) whether our choices are made intelligibly, and (3) whether we are really the originators of our choices. According to Walter, freedom of will is an illusion if we mean by it that under identical conditions we would be able to do or decide otherwise, while simultaneously acting only for reasons and being the true originators of our actions. In place of this scientifically untenable strong version of free will, Walter offers what he calls natural autonomy -- self-determination unaided by supernatural powers that could exist even in an entirely determined universe. Although natural autonomy can support neither our traditional concept of guilt nor certain cherished illusions about ourselves, it does not imply the abandonment of all concepts of responsibility. For we are not mere marionettes, with no influence over our thoughts or actions.

Dictionary Of Modern American Philosophers

Author: John R. Shook
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1843710374
Size: 10.40 MB
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The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers includes both academic and non-academic philosophers, anda large number of female and minority thinkers whose work has been neglected. It includes those intellectualsinvolved in the development of psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology, politicalscience, and several other fields, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy in thelate nineteenth century.Each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, abibliography of writings, and suggestions for further reading. While all the major post-Civil War philosophers arepresent, the most valuable feature of this dictionary is its coverage of a huge range of less well-known writers,including hundreds of presently obscure thinkers. In many cases, the Dictionary of Modern AmericanPhilosophers offers the first scholarly treatment of the life and work of certain writers. This book will be anindispensable reference work for scholars working on almost any aspect of modern American thought.

Dewey S Logical Theory

Author: F. Thomas Burke
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
ISBN: 9780826513946
Size: 73.29 MB
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Despite the resurgence of interest in the philosophy of John Dewey, his work on logical theory has received relatively little attention. Ironically, Dewey's logic was his "first and last love." The essays in this collection pay tribute to that love by addressing Dewey's philosophy of logic, from his work at the beginning of the twentieth century to the culmination of his logical thought in the 1938 volume, Logic: The Theory of Inquiry. All the essays are original to this volume and are written by leading Dewey scholars. Ranging from discussions of propositional theory to logic's social and ethical implications, these essays clarify often misunderstood or misrepresented aspects of Dewey's work, while emphasizing the seminal role of logic to Dewey's philosophical endeavors. This collection breaks new ground in its relevance to contemporary philosophy of logic and epistemology and pays special attention to applications in ethics and moral philosophy.

The Emperor S New Mind

Author: Roger Penrose
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198784929
Size: 33.39 MB
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For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating tour through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Hell On The Way To Heaven

Author: Chrissie Foster
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 1459623584
Size: 20.94 MB
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Chrissie and Anthony Foster were like any other young family, raising their three daughters in suburban Melbourne with what they hoped were the right values. Chrissie could not have known that the stranger-danger she feared actually lurked in the presbytery attached to the girls' Catholic primary school. Father Kevin O'Donnell, a long-term paedophile, lived and worked there. Two of their young daughters became victims of O'Donnell. And once the truth was revealed, the Fosters began a battle to find out how this could have happened. The Church offered silence, lies, denials and threats. Meanwhile, their daughters tried to piece together their fractured lives. This is the chilling true story that made national and international headlines. Chrissie Foster's heartbreaking account of her family's suffering, and their determination to stand up for themselves against the might of the Catholic Church, is testament to the strength of a mother's love, and the resilience of the human spirit.

Critical Neuroscience

Author: Suparna Choudhury
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444343335
Size: 34.27 MB
Format: PDF
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Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together multi-disciplinary scholars from around the world to explore key social, historical and philosophical studies of neuroscience, and to analyze the socio-cultural implications of recent advances in the field. This text’s original, interdisciplinary approach explores the creative potential for engaging experimental neuroscience with social studies of neuroscience while furthering the dialogue between neuroscience and the disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. Critical Neuroscience transcends traditional skepticism, introducing novel ideas about ‘how to be critical’ in and about science.