Practical Stereology

Author: John C. Russ
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461512336
Size: 69.97 MB
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Stereology is the science that relates three-dimensional structure to the two-dimensional images that can be measured. The most common field of application is in microscopy, both of man-made materials (metals, ceramics, composites, etc.) and of biological tissue samples. This book covers the applications and terminology of both fields. Recent emphasis in stereology is concerned with sampling strategies to avoid bias due to directionality and non-uniformity, and these methods are fully covered. So are the classic techniques that measure size distributions, surface curvature, etc., which are widely useful but not discussed in other recent texts. Finally, most stereology is taught as manual procedures using counting and grids, but this text also covers the use of modern desktop computers for image analysis and processing to obtain and interpret the stereological data.

Practical Stereology

Author: John C. Russ
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461512336
Size: 13.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2788
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Stereology is the science that relates three-dimensional structure to the two-dimensional images that can be measured. The most common field of application is in microscopy, both of man-made materials (metals, ceramics, composites, etc.) and of biological tissue samples. This book covers the applications and terminology of both fields. Recent emphasis in stereology is concerned with sampling strategies to avoid bias due to directionality and non-uniformity, and these methods are fully covered. So are the classic techniques that measure size distributions, surface curvature, etc., which are widely useful but not discussed in other recent texts. Finally, most stereology is taught as manual procedures using counting and grids, but this text also covers the use of modern desktop computers for image analysis and processing to obtain and interpret the stereological data.

Unbiased Stereology

Author: Vyvyan Howard
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 0203006399
Size: 24.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Unbiased Stereology, Second Edition is a practical guide to making unbiased 3-D measurements via the microscope. Only those stereological techniques which have been tried and tested by real application are included. Although this technology is essentially mathematical and statistical, the authors do not immerse the reader in complex analysis, but rather provide simple heuristic explanations and references to the original proof, and illustrate the theory by analogies drawn from everyday experience. To give practical experience in application of the techniques, exercises are provided at the end of each chapter, complete with detailed worked answers.

Stereology For Statisticians

Author: Adrian Baddeley
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1135438366
Size: 36.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Setting out the principles of stereology from a statistical viewpoint, this book focuses on both basic theory and practical implications. The authors discuss ways to effectively communicate statistical issues to clients, draw attention to common methodological errors, and provide references to essential literature. The first full text on design-based stereology opens with a review of classical and modern stereology, followed by a treatment of mathematical foundations and then on to core techniques. The final chapters discuss implementing techniques in practical sampling designs, summarize understanding of the variance of stereological estimators, and describe open problems for further research. The book also details isotropic, vertical or local sampling designs for estimating stereological parameters such as volume, surface area, particle number and spatial distribution. This extensive text offers support to statistical consultants using examples, applications and unique Advice to Consultants sections. It contains numerous literature references, bibliographic notes and nearly 150 illustrations.

Quenching Theory And Technology Second Edition

Author: Bozidar Liscic
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439859868
Size: 30.64 MB
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Quenching is one of the most fundamentally complex processes in the heat treatment of metals, and it is something on which mechanical properties and distortion of engineering components depend. With chapters written by the most respected international experts in the field, Quenching Theory and Technology, Second Edition presents the most authoritative, exhaustive, and recent findings in this vital area. Understanding and control of quenching and quenchants is a critical constant in all well established and emerging heat treatment process technology. The collection of up-to-date knowledge in this book is the latest outcome from continuing formal and informal discussions by experts within the framework of the International Federation for Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering (IFHTSE). It covers topics including: Thermo-and fluid dynamic principles of heat transfer during cooling Wetting kinematics Residual stresses after cooling Computer modeling and prediction of microstructure transformation Hardness distribution Stress-strain and distortion With revised and updated content from the first edition, this book adds coverage of important technological developments. Although the primary focus continues to be on the quenching of steel, it also details quenching of aluminum and titanium alloys, quench severity of selected vegetable oils, gas quenching, intensive quenching, and simulation of quenching. Presenting the most recent findings in this area, this essential piece of literature is a substantial contribution to the general field of the thermal processing of metals. It is useful not only for specialists in heat treatment practice, but also those in higher education or numerous specialized courses and seminars worldwide.

Stereology And Stochastic Geometry

Author: John E. Hilliard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402016875
Size: 55.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Somebody had to do it. The Chinese speak of deep water wells called "grandfather wells" because they take three generations of diggers to complete. Imagine the thought of such a well being abandoned incomplete by the third generation. What a loss! This book is like a grandfather well except that it has taken only two generations, John Hilliard's and mine, to finish. When I saw his manuscript lying in a heap, I decided that I must spend the time to put it and his notes into a publishable form. Now, it is done. This book is mostly about performing spatial measurements through the statistical sampling of images; it is a text on classical stereology as John Hilliard saw it. His vision of the subject was broad. Consequently, its title is broad too. It presents this subject and some of its modem extensions from the classical perspective of the one of the founders of the field, and my first advisor at Northwestern University, John Hilliard. There is nothing new in this book but much that may have been lost over time. It rediscovers many useful discussions about such subjects as the variances of stereo logical measurements, anisotropy etc. It recovers some of the dialogues between John Hilliard and his students on such topics as fractals and Monte Carlo simulations. It recaptures a little of John Hilliard's unique and subtle wit.

Ceramography

Author: Richard E. Chinn
Publisher: ASM International
ISBN: 161503255X
Size: 79.38 MB
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"Ceramography" provides detailed instructions on how to saw, mount, grind, polish, etch, examine, interpret and measure ceramic microstructures. This new book includes an atlas of ceramic microstructures, quantitative microstructural example problems with solutions, properties and data tables specific to ceramic microstructures, more than 100 original photographs and illustrations, and numerous practical tips and tricks of the trade. An excellent reference guide for technicians in quality control and R&D, process engineers in ceramic manufacturing, and their counterparts in engineering firms, national laboratories, research institutes, and universities.

Nanotechnology In Construction

Author: Peter Bartos
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The importance of nanotechnology related research and development has become recognised worldwide. Substantial public and private investment is now being ploughed into research and development in a number of industrial sectors, where nanotechnology has become established and has led to new commercial products. The construction industry, having major economic significance with nano-scale research and development which is only emerging, offers a wide scope for exploitation of nanotechnology. With international contributions from experts in the field, Nanotechnology in Construction amalgamates previously fragmented research and emerging trends. It reflects the inherent multi-disciplinary nature of nano-scale research in construction and contributions cover a wide spectrum, from highly scientific investigations to futuristic applications. The books is organised into four broad sections, the first reviews and analyses the prospects of exploitation of nanotechnology in construction, the second discusses novel tools and their capabilities, the final two sections show existing significant products where nanotechnology has been already been exploited or where product development is under-way. Nanotechnology in Construction will appeal to researchers already working in this field as well as those wishing to enter it. It will also inform governmental and other funding agencies of the most promising future directions and their related timescales. Practical applications are considered and explanations of the underlying basics are given, raising awareness and understanding of what nanotechnology can offer to construction professionals in general.

Stochastic Geometry And Its Applications

Author: Sung Nok Chiu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118658256
Size: 47.89 MB
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An extensive update to a classic text Stochastic geometry and spatial statistics play a fundamental role in many modern branches of physics, materials sciences, engineering, biology and environmental sciences. They offer successful models for the description of random two- and three-dimensional micro and macro structures and statistical methods for their analysis. The previous edition of this book has served as the key reference in its field for over 18 years and is regarded as the best treatment of the subject of stochastic geometry, both as a subject with vital applications to spatial statistics and as a very interesting field of mathematics in its own right. This edition: Presents a wealth of models for spatial patterns and related statistical methods. Provides a great survey of the modern theory of random tessellations, including many new models that became tractable only in the last few years. Includes new sections on random networks and random graphs to review the recent ever growing interest in these areas. Provides an excellent introduction to theory and modelling of point processes, which covers some very latest developments. Illustrate the forefront theory of random sets, with many applications. Adds new results to the discussion of fibre and surface processes. Offers an updated collection of useful stereological methods. Includes 700 new references. Is written in an accessible style enabling non-mathematicians to benefit from this book. Provides a companion website hosting information on recent developments in the field www.wiley.com/go/cskm Stochastic Geometry and its Applications is ideally suited for researchers in physics, materials science, biology and ecological sciences as well as mathematicians and statisticians. It should also serve as a valuable introduction to the subject for students of mathematics and statistics.

Cell Imaging Techniques

Author: Douglas J. Taatjes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592599931
Size: 76.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Cell imaging methodologies have now become essential research tools for a variety of disciplines that traditionally had not relied on them. In Cell Imaging Techniques: Methods and Protocols, distinguished international researchers describe in detail their state-of-the-art methods for the microscopic imaging of cells and molecules. The authors cover a wide spectrum of complementary techniques, including such methods as fluorescence microscopy, electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and laser scanning cytometry. Additional protocols on confocal scanning laser microscopy, quantitative computer-assisted image analysis, laser-capture microdissection, microarray image scanning, near-field scanning optical microscopy, and reflection contrast microscopy round out this eclectic collection of cutting-edge imaging techniques now available. The authors also discuss preparative methods for particles and cells by transmission electron microscopy. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Timely and highly practical, Cell Imaging Techniques: Methods and Protocols provides researchers and clinicians with a richly useful guide to selecting and performing the best imaging method from a bewildering variety of microscopy-based techniques.