Pigment Of The Imagination

Author: Linda C. Sage
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323138543
Size: 50.63 MB
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Pigment of the Imagination chronicles the story of phytochrome, the bright-blue photoreversible pigment through which plants constantly monitor the quality and presence of light. The book begins with work that led to the discovery of phytochrome and ends with the latest findings in gene regulation and expression. The phytochrome story provides a paradigm for the process of scientific discovery. This book should thus be of interest to scientists who work on phytochrome and related subjects in plant science, as well as to all scientists and science historians interested in how a scientific research field begins, develops, and matures. Documents the science and history of phytochrome research over an 80 year span Combines information from scientific literature, archival documents, and in-person inteviews Describes in scholarly and readable style an elegant example of biological discovery Accessible to researchers and students in all areas of science and history of science

Photomorphogenesis In Plants

Author: R.E. Kendrick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401118841
Size: 78.60 MB
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It is perhaps not surprising that plants have evolved a mechanism to sense the light environment about them and to modify growth for optimal use of the available `life-giving' light. Green plants, and ultimately all forms of life, depend on the energy of sunlight fixed during photosynthesis. Unlike animals that use behaviour to find food, sedentary plants use physiology to optimize their growth and development for light absorption. By appreciating the quality, quantity, direction and duration of light, plants can control such complex processes as germination, growth and flowering. To perceive the light environment several receptor pigments have evolved, including the red/far-red reversible phytochrome and the blue/UV-absorbing photoreceptors (Part 1). The quantification of light (Part 2) and importance of instrumentation for photomorphogenesis research are introduced in Part 3. Isolation and characterization of phytochrome is a classic example of how photobiological techniques can predict the nature of an unknown photoreceptor. Current knowledge of the phytochrome photoreceptor family is given in Part 4 and that of blue/UV receptors in Part 5. Part 6 deals with the coaction of photoreceptors. The light environment and its perception is addressed in Part 7. Molecular and genetic approaches and the photoregulation of gene expression compose Part 8. Part 9 contains further selected topics: photomodulation of growth phototropism, photobiology of stomatal movements, photomovement, photocontrol of flavonoid biosynthesis, photobiology of fungi and photobiology of ferns. The 28 chapters written by leading experts from Europe, Israel, Japan and the USA, provide an advanced treatise on the exciting and rapidly developing field of plant photomorphogenesis.

Tetrapyrroles

Author: Martin Warren
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387785183
Size: 22.55 MB
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Excluding the biological polymers proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, modified tetrapyrroles are the biological molecules that have had the greatest impact on the evolution of life over the past 4 billion years. They are involved in a wide variety of fundamental processes that underpin central primary metabolism in all kingdoms of life, from photosynthesis to methanogenesis. Moreover, they bring colour into the world and it is for this reason that these compounds have been appropriately dubbed the ‘pigments of life’. To understand how and why these molecules have been so universally integrated into the life processes one has to appreciate the chemical properties of the tetrapyrrole scaffold and, where appropriate, the chemical characteristics of the centrally chelated metal ion. This book addresses why these molecules are employed in Nature, how they are made and what happens to them after they have finished their usefulness.

Discoveries In Plant Biology

Author: Shain-Dow Kung
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810235475
Size: 56.86 MB
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"the book is a valuable source of information and reference and may also inspire young researchers on how to advance their own field of plant science. This discovery book, which is recommended to a wide readership from advanced students to the established scientists, should be present in all central libraries and all libraries of plant biology institutions".Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000

Photomorphogenesis In Plants And Bacteria

Author: Eberhard Schäfer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038119
Size: 33.14 MB
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This unique resource reviews progress made by scientists researching into how ambient changes in the wavelength, intensity, direction and duration of light environment affect plant growth and development. It explains how combinations of new research with classical photobiology and physiology have made it feasible to interpret intriguing light dependent phenomena such as phototropism, determination of flowering time, shade avoidance etc. at molecular level. Written by over 20 leading experts in the field the book covers major breakthroughs achieved in the last decade. It is generously referenced with more than 2389 bibliographic citations.

R Mpp Encyclopedia Natural Products 1st Edition 2000

Author: Burkhard Fugmann
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
ISBN: 3131795514
Size: 22.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Compiled by German natural products chemist Wolfgang Steglich and his co-editors Burkhard Fugmann and Susanne Lang-Fugmann, RÖMPP Encyclopedia Natural Products provides highly reliable and comprehensive information on the 6,000 most relevant natural substances, including 15,000 cross references and 2,200 formulas. The book contains descriptions of the different substance classes and important analytical methods, comprehensive indices of Latin Species names and molecular formulas as well as a vast amount of cross referencing. It has been compiled by 40 leaders in their respective fields. Written in a clear, consistent style and thoroughly copy edited, this is a must-have reference work for chemists, biochemists working with natural products, researchers in plant protection, pharmacists and medical researchers, biologists working in drug research as well as microbiologists and botanists working on microorganisms, plants or marine organisms, and interested layman.

Photobiology

Author: Lars Olof Björn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387726557
Size: 56.25 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition in 2002, there has been an explosion of new findings and applications in the field of photobiology. This brand new edition is fully updated, includes new references, and offers five new chapters for a comprehensive look at photobiology. The chapters cover all areas of photobiology, photochemistry, and the relationship between light and biology. The book starts with the physics and chemistry of light and then deals with the evolution of photosynthesis. Four chapters deal with how organisms use light for their orientation in space and time. There are also several medically oriented chapters and two chapters specifically aimed at the photobiology educator.

Natural Colorants For Food And Nutraceutical Uses

Author: Francisco Delgado-Vargas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420031716
Size: 39.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As our understanding of the science and functions of color in food has increased, the preferred colorants, forms of use, and legislation regulating their uses have also changed. Natural Colorants for Food and Nutraceutical Uses reflects the current tendency to use natural pigments. It details their science, technology, and applications as well as their nutraceutical properties. Starting with the basics, the book creates an understanding of physical colors, discusses color measurement, and analyzes why natural pigments are preferred today. The authors present an overview of global colorants, including safety, toxicity and regulatory aspects. Information about inorganic and synthetic colorants is included. The book then focuses on applications of natural colorants, with special attention given to characteristics, extraction and processing stability, and the use of biotechnology and molecular biology to increase colorant production. Finally, the book examines the nutraceutical properties of natural colorants and compares them to other well-known nutraceutical components. From the basics to highly specialized concepts and applications, Natural Colorants for Food and Nutraceutical Uses presents essential, practical information about pigments in the food industry. With its coverage of state-of-the-art technologies and future trends in the application of color to food, this book provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date survey of the field.

The Curious Cook

Author: Harold McGee
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780865474529
Size: 25.76 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1971
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Examines the biochemistry behind cooking and food preparation, rejecting such common notions as that searing meat seals in juices and that cutting lettuce causes it to brown faster