Personality And Motivational Differences In Persons With Mental Retardation

Author: Harvey N. Switzky
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135685819
Size: 46.57 MB
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This book presents the most comprehensive review of research regarding personality and motivational differences in persons with mental retardation. From the personal commentary of Edward Zigler, H. Carl Haywood, and Harvey N. Switzky, the book summarizes the classical work of the Yale and Peabody-Vanderbilt School over the last 40 years. A sampling of new directions in research is provided, including work on self-determination theory and practice; decision making; direct and indirect effects of genetic mental retardation syndromes on personality; personality and psychopathology in genetic mental retardation syndromes; a new theory of information processing linking cognition, motivation, and performance; and a sensitivity theory of motivation. This definitive work presents older and evolving newer models and applications to the field in order to demonstrate the power of motivational variables in understanding the behavior of persons with mental retardation. The purpose is to enhance the quality of life in persons with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities.

Disorders Of Childhood Development And Psychopathology

Author: Robin Parritz
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0534592740
Size: 56.96 MB
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This text is written with the whole child in mind and discusses disorders in connection with the different stages of development, providing both a meaningful framework to promote students’ learning and a practical, true-to-life approach for organizing the course. Four themes recur throughout the text, each informed by the principles and practices of developmental psychopathology, an interdisciplinary approach that asserts that maladaptive patterns of emotion, cognition, and behavior occur in the context of normal development. The authors emphasize multi-factor explanations of disorders as well as developmental frameworks and developmental pathways--presenting disorders and sets of disorders in the order in which they typically appear in a child’s life. They also focus on the child-in-context (calling attention to the multiple settings in which the child is embedded) and emphasize the importance of taking a broad view that considers the whole child and his or her patterns of interest, abilities, and strengths, rather than a narrow view of a disorder or developmental delay. As a result of this holistic approach, which reflects the most up-to-date understanding of child and adolescent psychopathology, students learn to think about disorders in the same way that caring adults think about disorders they encounter every day--in terms of an individual child who is coping with distress and dysfunction. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Development Of Self Determination Through The Life Course

Author: Michael L. Wehmeyer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402410422
Size: 27.61 MB
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This volume examines the developmental aspects of the general psychological construct of self-determination. The term refers to self- (vs. other-) caused action—to people acting volitionally—as based on their own will. Research conducted in the fields of psychology and education shows the importance of self-determination to adolescent development and positive adult outcomes. The first part of this volume presents an overview of theories and historical antecedents of the construct. It looks at the role of self-determination in major theories of human agentic behavior and of adolescent development and individuation. The second part of the volume examines the developmental origins and the trajectory of self-determination in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and looks as aging aspects. The next part presents studies on the evolutionary aspects, individual differences and healthy psychological development. The last part of the book covers the development of causal and agentic capability.

Proceedings Of Iac 2018 In Vienna

Author: Group of Authors
Publisher: Czech Institute of Academic Education
ISBN: 8088203066
Size: 64.80 MB
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International Academic Conferences: Teaching, Learning and E-learning (IAC-TLEl 2018) and Management, Economics and Marketing (IAC-MEM 2018) and Engineering, Transport, IT and Artificial Intelligence (IAC-ETITAI 2018)

The Oxford Handbook Of Positive Psychology And Disability

Author: Michael L. Wehmeyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195398785
Size: 28.47 MB
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This handbook is the first comprehensive text on positive psychology and disability. Emphasizing paradigmatic changes in understanding disability, the text covers traditional disciplines in positive psychology; and applications of positive psychology to domains like education or work.

Handbook Of Evidence Based Practices In Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities

Author: Nirbhay N. Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319265830
Size: 47.82 MB
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This handbook presents a diverse range of effective treatment approaches for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Its triple focus on key concepts, treatment and training modalities, and evidence-based interventions for challenging behaviors of individuals with IDD provides a solid foundation for effective treatment strategies, theory-to-implementation issues, and the philosophical and moral aspects of care. Expert contributions advocate for changes in treating individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities by emphasizing caregiver support as well as respecting and encouraging client autonomy, self-determination, and choice. With its quality-of-life approach, the handbook details practices that are person-centered and supportive as well as therapeutically sound. Topics featured in the handbook include: Functional and preference assessments for clinical decision making. Treatment modalities from cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy to mindfulness, telehealth, and assistive technologies. Self-determination and choice as well as community living skills. Quality-of-life issues for individuals with IDD. Early intensive behavior interventions for autism spectrum disorder. Skills training for parents of children with IDD as well as staff training in positive behavior support. Evidence-based interventions for a wide range of challenging behaviors and issues. The Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in clinical psychology, social work, behavior therapy, and rehabilitation.