Parasites And The Behavior Of Animals

Author: Janice Moore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195349139
Size: 10.52 MB
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When a parasite invades an ant, does the ant behave like other ants? Maybe not-and if it doesn't, who, if anyone, benefits from the altered behaviors? The parasite? The ant? Parasites and the Behavior of Animals shows that parasite-induced behavioral alterations are more common than we might realize, and it places these alterations in an evolutionary and ecological context. Emphasizing eukaryotic parasites, the book examines the adaptive nature of behavioral changes associated with parasitism, exploring the effects of these changes on parasite transmission, parasite avoidance, and the fitness of both host and parasite. The behavioral changes and their effects are not always straightforward. To the extent that virulence, for instance, is linked to parasite transmission, the evolutionary interests of parasite and host will diverge, and the current winner of the contest to maximize reproductive rates may not be clear, or, for that matter, inevitable. Nonetheless, by affecting susceptibility, host/parasite lifespan and fecundity, and transmission itself, host behavior influences parameters that are basic to our comprehension of how parasites invade host populations, and fundamentally, how parasites evolve. Such an understanding is important for a wide range of scientists, from ecologists and parasitologists to evolutionary, conservation and behavioral biologists: The behavioral alterations that parasites induce can subtly and profoundly affect the distribution and abundance of animals.

Infectious Diseases In Primates

Author: Charles Nunn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198565844
Size: 76.67 MB
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1. Questions, Terminology, and Underlying Principles2. Diversity and Characteristics of Primate Parasites3. Primate Socioecology and Disease Risk- Predictions and Rationale4. Host-Parasite Dynamics and Epidemiological Principles5. Host Defenses- The Immune System and Behavioral Counterstrategies6. Infectious Disease and Primate Social Systems7. Parasites and Primate Conservation8. From Nonhuman Primates to Human Health and Evolution9. Concluding Remarks and Future Directions

Living In Groups

Author: Jens Krause
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198508175
Size: 64.82 MB
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Group Living is a widespread phenomenon within the animal kingdom and has attracted considerable attention in a number of different contexts. This book is focused on the unifying concepts regarding group behaviour that have been developed over the last two decades. The authors set out to discuss the mechanisms that govern the evolution and maintenance of grouping behaviour throughout the animal kingdom, and the ecological factors that control observed group size and group composition in particular situations. Although the book's emphasis is on the elaboration of a conceptual framework, extensive examples and case studies illustrate the diversity of grouping phemonema across taxonomic boundaries, and demonstrate the general applicability of the concepts involved. This book will familiarise the reader with the latest ideas on the ecology and evolution of group-living animals, providing a summary and critical synthesis of the extensive and diverse literature on the subject.

Parasite Diversity And Diversification

Author: Serge Morand
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107037654
Size: 20.35 MB
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By joining phylogenetics and evolutionary ecology, this book explores the patterns of parasite diversity while revealing diversification processes.

Sensory Ecology Behaviour And Evolution

Author: Martin Stevens
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019960178X
Size: 67.54 MB
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This is the first modern textbook of sensory ecology in two decades, one of the most popular and rapidly growing subjects in biology. The topic deals with how animals capture (and send) information from their environment, and the sensory systems involved. It investigates the type of information that is gathered by animals, how it is used in a range of behaviours, and the evolution of such traits. Sensory ecology deals with both mechanistic questions (e.g. howsensory receptors capture information from the environment, and how the physical attributes of the environment affect information transmission) and functional questions (e.g. the adaptive significance ofthe information used by the animal to make a decision). Sensory ecology covers the full range of sensory systems and types of sensory information (sound, visual, chemical, magnetic, electric etc.). The latest research has dealt more explicitly with how sensory systems may actually drive evolutionary change, including the formation of new species. This book provides an introduction to the key ideas, theories, and examples, describes how sensory systems work, and explores the links between thesenses, animal signals, behaviour, and evolution.

Bird Parasite Interactions

Author: Jenella E. Loye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198577389
Size: 22.47 MB
Format: PDF
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Birds are hosts to many parasites, internal and external. The parasites inevitably form a burden to the host bird and therefore may affect its ability to grow, survive, and reproduce; its behaviour; and the distribution and abundance of the whole species. In consequence, bird-parasite systems have attracted attention from diverse fields and the literature has been spread out in a wide range of specialized journals. The editors of this book have drawn together a comprehensive range of experts in the field to provide an invaluable reference of current work in bird-parasite interactions. The book is divided into four parts. The introduction provides the contemporary context of research in bird-parasite systems and presents case studies which combine theoretical concepts with experimental data. Subsequent parts focus on the ecology; behavioural responses; and the effect of parasitism on sexual selection.

Insect Behavior

Author: Alex Córdoba-Aguilar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192518097
Size: 52.98 MB
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Insects display a staggering diversity of behaviors. Studying these systems provides insights into a wide range of ecological, evolutionary, and behavioral questions including the genetics of behavior, phenotypic plasticity, chemical communication, and the evolution of life-history traits. This accessible text offers a new approach that provides the reader with the necessary theoretical and conceptual foundations, at different hierarchical levels, to understand insect behavior. The book is divided into three main sections: mechanisms, ecological and evolutionary consequences, and applied issues. The final section places the preceding chapters within a framework of current threats to human survival - climate change, disease, and food security - before providing suggestions and insights as to how we can utilize an understanding of insect behavior to control and/or ameliorate them. Each chapter provides a concise, authoritative review of the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological foundations of each topic.

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology

Author: David Westneat
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195331931
Size: 73.80 MB
Format: PDF
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Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology presents a comprehensive treatment of theevolutionary and ecological processes shaping behavior across a wide array of organisms and a diverse set of behaviors and is suitable as a graduate-level text and as a sourcebook for professional scientists.

Sexual Selection And The Barn Swallow

Author: Anders Pape Møller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198540280
Size: 53.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An important empirical test of the theoretical predictions of sexual selection theory, this book presents a long-term field study of the monagamous barn swallow. By using information on behaviour, ecology, morphology, genetics, and evolution, the book reviews this theory and its two components: male-male competition and female choice. The selective advantages of a long tail are investigated for this common bird, demonstrating such effects as mating behaviour, copulation behaviour, migration strategies, and host-parasite interactions. A rich informative text which clearly elucidates the mechanisms and consequences of sexual selection.

Host Manipulation By Parasites

Author: David P. Hughes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199642230
Size: 29.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Parasites that manipulate the behaviour of their hosts represent striking examples of adaptation by natural selection. This innovative text provides an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of host manipulation by parasites that assesses the current state of developments in the field and lays out a framework for future research.