Optimal Human Being

Author: Kennon M. Sheldon
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135636249
Size: 15.24 MB
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Ken Sheldon's comprehensive new book addresses two questions: how can individuals best integrate the different facets of themselves to achieve "optimal human being", and how can researchers best integrate the different levels of analysis within the human sciences to understand "optimal human being" in general? In the process, the book supplies two new frameworks—one for viewing the human sciences as a group, and the other for viewing personality theory within that group. Optimal Human Being features a multi-level model that moves from biologically based levels of analysis to higher, socially based levels, and demonstrates how these different levels interact to determine behavior. The author then proposes a new way of looking at personality by examining four "tiers": organismic foundations, personality traits, goals/intentions, and self-concepts, and demonstrates how these levels relate to the state of optimal human being. The book concludes with two higher levels of analysis relevant to personality—social interaction and culture—and proposes a new profile of optimal human being. Intended for researchers and students in social and personality, clinical, developmental, and industrial psychology and other social sciences, the book will also serve as a supplement in a variety of courses including personality, positive psychology, well being, personal development, and motivation.

Handbook Of Eudaimonic Well Being

Author: Joar Vittersø
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319424459
Size: 59.28 MB
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This handbook presents the most comprehensive account of eudaimonic well-being to date. It brings together theoretical insights and empirical updates presented by leading scholars and young researchers. The handbook examines philosophical and historical approaches to the study of happy lives and good societies, and it critically looks at conceptual controversies related to eudaimonia and well-being. It identifies the elements of happiness in a variety of areas such as emotions, health, wisdom, self-determination, internal motivation, personal growth, genetics, work, leisure, heroism, and many more. It then places eudaimonic well-being in the larger context of society, addressing social elements. The most remarkable outcome of the book is arguably its large-scale relevance, reminding us that the more we know about the good way of living, the more we are in a position to build a society that can be supportive and offer opportunities for such a way of living for all of its citizens.

Designing Positive Psychology

Author: Kennon M. Sheldon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195373588
Size: 18.51 MB
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Positive psychology exploded into public consciousness 10 years ago and has captured attention around the world ever since. In this book, experts from diverse fields address the question of whether the movement is fulfilling its promise. Join authors like Csikszentmihalyi, Simonton, Emmons, and Fredrickson in charting a bold new course for the future of positive psychology.

The Selfish Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192860927
Size: 78.38 MB
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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit

The Science Of Subjective Well Being

Author: Michael Eid
Publisher: Guilford Publication
ISBN: 9781593855819
Size: 56.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This authoritative volume reviews the breadth of current scientific knowledge on subjective well-being (SWB): its definition, causes and consequences, measurement, and practical applications that may help people become happier. Leading experts explore the connections between SWB and a range of intrapersonal and interpersonal phenomena, including personality, health, relationship satisfaction, wealth, cognitive processes, emotion regulation, religion, family life, school and work experiences, and culture. Interventions and practices that enhance SWB are examined, with attention to both their benefits and limitations. The concluding chapter from Ed Diener dispels common myths in the field and presents a thoughtful agenda for future research.

The Sage Handbook Of Personality Theory And Assessment

Author: Gregory J Boyle
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN:
Size: 27.76 MB
Format: PDF
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A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences This brand new Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment 2-Volume Set constitutes an essential resource for shaping the future of the scientific foundation of personality research, measurement, and practice. There is need for an up-to-date and international Handbook that reviews the major contemporary personality models Vol. 1 and associated psychometric measurement instruments Vol. 2 that underpin the scientific study of this important area of individual differences psychology, and in these two Handbooks this is very much achieved. Made unique by its depth and breadth the Handbooks are internationally edited and authored by Professors Gregory J. Boyle, Gerald Matthews, and Donald H. Saklofske and authored by internationally known academics, this work will be an important reference work for a host of researchers and practitioners in the fields of individual differences and personality assessment, clinical psychology, educational psychology, work and organizational psychology, health psychology and other applied fields as well. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models. Deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments and covers the following broad topics, listed by section heading: " Explanatory Models For Personality " Comprehensive Trait Models " Key Traits: Psychobiology " Key Traits: Self-Regulation And Stress " New Trait And Dynamic Trait Constructs " Applications

Health Illness And Optimal Aging Second Edition

Author: Carolyn M. Aldwin, Ph.D.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826193471
Size: 43.39 MB
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"Aldwin and Gilmer have supplied an interesting textual model for examining health, illness, and aging. Their homogenized approach to aging research is refreshing and insightful."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly "Clearly written at a level for college students, this is an excellent resource on aging...Highly recommended.--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries Spanning the biological and psychosocial aspects of aging, this upper-level undergraduate and graduate text integrates current findings in biology, psychology, and the social sciences to provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary coverage of the aging process. This new edition incorporates the tremendous amount of research that has come to light since the first edition was published. From a physical perspective, the text examines age-related changes and disease-related processes, the demography of the aging population, aging theories, and how to promote optimal aging. Coverage of the psychosocial aspects of aging encompasses mental health, stress and coping, spirituality, and caregiving in later years. The authors address demographic, theoretical, and methodological issues on aging, including a worldwide overview of aging demographics. The book reviews biological and psychosocial theories and offers much-needed information on longitudinal design and statistics as they relate to aging research. It discusses the aging of the major organ systems, the brain and sensory systems, and the endocrine and immune systems; basic anatomy and physiology; normal, impaired, and optimal aging; and functional health. Psychosocial factors that affect health are addressed, including the interplay between physical health and mental health, stress, coping, and social support. The text also covers current issues in social gerontology, including such promising new trends as gerontechnology and Green Houses, and provides information on health promotion programs. New to the Second Edition: Information involving retirement, volunteer opportunities, housing, and adaptation to health changes Coverage of economics and aging, including information on social security and other retirement income and the future of Medicare and Medicaid Significant new information about the regulatory systems Revised and updated chapters on death and dying and optimal aging Discussions on two models of optimal aging and valuable tips for its promotion URLs to relevant websites for additional information

Life Goals And Well Being

Author: Peter Schmuck
Publisher: Hogrefe & Huber Pub
ISBN: 9780889372443
Size: 51.48 MB
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Everybody wants to be happy and so sets him-or herself particular life goals. But which life goals really make us happy? This question has been debated for centuries, but it is only in recent years that psychological research has started to approach it in a systematic fashion. The popularity of the current movement towards a "positive psychology" is a clear sign that interest in this and related areas is growing rapidly. In this book, for the first time, results are presented from researchers around the world on which goals actually help to lead to happiness, and thus to physical and mental wellbeing. The findings are surprising, not least because they are (at least in part) in contradiction to the goals typical of a western lifestyle.

Self Criticism And Self Enhancement

Author: Edward Chin-Ho Chang
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN:
Size: 14.75 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this book, editor Edward C. Chang has enlisted over 25 distinguished psychologists and scholars who present the pros and cons of regarding self-criticism or self-enhancement as either good or bad. Collectively, they illustrate the benefits of evaluating these concepts more complexly to demonstrate how negative and positive psychological variables may function as a virtue in one situation and as a vice in another situation. Drawing on the works of both philosophers and researchers, the contributors search for a deeper and broader understanding of these fundamental psychological concepts, and they evaluate their effect on individuals and the larger society.

The Science Of Personality

Author: Lawrence A. Pervin
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195159714
Size: 37.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Science of Personality, 2/e, focuses on the field of personality psychology as it is studied by researchers today. Offering students an up-to-date picture of the field and of the challenges faced by personality psychologists, it also explores how current research is put to use in the real world. The book examines the structure of personality--including traits, motives, and cognition--and the determinants of the unfolding of personality over time. In addition, it provides in-depth consideration of contemporary areas of such research as the self, unconscious processes, mind-body connections, and reasons why people do and do not change. The Science of Personality, 2/e, addresses questions and issues relating to the field of personality psychology today, including: · Which trait, motive, and cognitive units are fundamental to the study of personality? · How do genes and environments interact to produce an individual's personality? · To what extent is personality stable over time and across situations? · What is the nature of the self and to what extent does the concept of the self differ across cultures? · What is the relationship of thoughts and feelings to physical health? Paying particular attention to recent developments in cross-cultural research, positive psychology, and biological foundations of personality, The Science of Personality, 2/e, is an ideal text or supplement for undergraduate courses in personality psychology and advanced personality.