Optical Techniques In Biological Research

Author: Denis Rousseau
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323150217
Size: 68.26 MB
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Optical Techniques in Biological Research discusses the fundamentals and applications of light scattering, Raman scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nanosecond fluorescence spectroscopy, and circular dichroism. Electron microscopy is also included owing to some of its classical similarity to optical microscopy optical structural and resonance techniques for biological research. The chapters are aimed at a level such that only a general understanding of chemistry and biology is required. The objective is to present material in a way that allows the research worker to assess quickly the applicability, utility, and significance of the specific technique to his or her problem or field of interest. Together with Structural and Resonance Techniques in Biological Research, this book marks the introduction of a new series of volumes, Physical Techniques in Biology and Medicine, which is intended to replace a previous treatise, Physical Techniques in Biological Research.

Structural And Resonance Techniques In Biological Research

Author: Denis Rousseau
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323148301
Size: 71.43 MB
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Structural and Resonance Techniques in Biological Research discusses the fundamentals and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, Mössbauer spectroscopy, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, macromolecular crystallography, and small-angle x-ray scattering and diffraction. The chapters are aimed at a level such that only a general understanding of chemistry and biology is required. The objective is to present material in a way that allows the research worker to assess quickly the applicability, utility, and significance of the specific technique to his or her problem or field of interest. Together with Optical Techniques in Biological Research, this book marks the introduction of a new series of volumes, Physical Techniques in Biology and Medicine, which is intended to replace a previous treatise, Physical Techniques in Biological Research.

Lasers And Current Optical Techniques In Biology

Author: Giuseppe Palumbo
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847551203
Size: 57.30 MB
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The introduction of innovative light sources, fibre laser sources and light emitting diodes, is opening unexpected perspectives into optical techniques and is promising new exciting applications in the field of biomedicine. Lasers and Current Optical Techniques in Biology aims to provide an overview of light sources, together with an extensive and authoritative description of the optical techniques in bio-medicine. This book is designed to give biomedical researchers a strong feel for the capability of physical approaches, promote new interdisciplinary interests and persuade more practitioners to take advantage of optical techniques. Current developments in a variety of optical techniques, including Near-Infra Red Spectroscopy, and traditional and advanced fluorescence techniques are covered, ranging from those that are becoming common practice to those that need much more experimentation before they can be accepted as real breakthroughs. Further topics include optical coherence tomography and its variations, polarised light imaging and, principle laser and lamp sources- a usually fragmentary topic, often dispersed among specialist publications. The wide range of topics covered make Lasers and Current Optical Techniques in Biology of interest to a diverse range of scientific communities.

Optical Techniques

Author: Gerald Oster
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148319180X
Size: 76.98 MB
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Physical Techniques in Biological Research, Second Edition, Volume I, Part A: Optical Techniques focuses on the methods and theory applied to relatively pure preparations of biological substances that are derived from cells or other tissue elements. This book covers a wide variety of nonoptical techniques. Organized into five chapters, this edition begins with an overview of the fundamental principles of operation of optical instruments that can be explained in terms of the simple operations of lenses or light rays. This text then examines the limits imposed on direct observation, either through an optical instrument or with the unaided eye, by the nature of light itself. Other chapters consider the potential of certain other microprobe methods. This book discusses as well the process of molecular spectroscopy. The final chapter deals with optical rotation and its dependence on wavelength. This book is a valuable resource for biologists, scientists, physicists, physical chemists, and research workers.

Physics In Biology And Medicine

Author: Paul Davidovits
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123694119
Size: 33.45 MB
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Physics in Biology and Medicine, Fourth Edition explores concepts in physics as they apply to living systems. The discussion is organized into 18 chapters encompassing thermodynamics, electricity, optics, sound, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Each chapter provides a brief review of the background physics before focusing on the applications of physics to biology and medicine. The book describes biological systems and presents calculations of the forces exerted by muscles, as well as the maximum impact that can be sustained by a body without injury, the height from which a person can jump, the effect of an animals size on the speed at which it can run, and the circulation of blood in the body. Using the theory of fluids, the role of diffusion in the functioning of cells and the effect of surface tension on the growth of plants in soil are also analyzed. Using the principles of electricity, the conduction of impulses along the nervous system is investigated. Each section contains problems that explore and expand some of the concepts, and some of the techniques of physics and engineering are applied to the study of living systems. Moreover, the use of lasers in medical diagnostics and the applications of nanotechnology in biology and medicine are considered. This book will be a valuable resource for students and professors of physics, biology, and medicine, as well as for applied health workers. Provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems Presents material in a straight forward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology Includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body

Optical Interferometry For Biology And Medicine

Author: David D. Nolte
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461408903
Size: 62.50 MB
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This book presents the fundamental physics of optical interferometry as applied to biophysical, biological and medical research. Interference is at the core of many types of optical detection and is a powerful probe of cellular and tissue structure in interfererence microscopy and in optical coherence tomography. It is also the root cause of speckle and other imaging artefacts that limit range and resolution. For biosensor applications, the inherent sensitivity of interferometry enables ultrasensitive detection of molecules in biological samples for medical diagnostics. In this book, emphasis is placed on the physics of light scattering, beginning with the molecular origins of refraction as light propagates through matter, and then treating the stochastic nature of random fields that ultimately dominate optical imaging in cells and tissue. The physics of partial coherence plays a central role in the text, with a focus on coherence detection techniques that allow information to be selectively detected out of incoherent and heterogeneous backgrounds. Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine is divided into four sections. The first covers fundamental principles, and the next three move up successive scales, beginning with molecular interferometry (biosensors), moving to cellular interferometry (microscopy), and ending with tissue interferometry (biomedical). An outstanding feature of the book is the clear presentation of the physics, with easy derivations of the appropriate equations, while emphasizing "rules of thumb" that can be applied by experimental researchers to give semi-quantitative predictions.

Biophotonics

Author: Marion Strehle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527406227
Size: 41.66 MB
Format: PDF
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Biophotonics describes the use of the most advanced optical technologies in biological and medical research, including advanced microscopy and spectroscopy methods. These are combined with the latest computer technology for such tasks as pattern recognition, and the applications range from cell biology and cancer research to the detection of allergens. This is an account of a three-year research program funded by the German government, in which physicists and physical chemists set off together with biologists and physicians to develop new techniques for medical and biological problems and ended up with sophisticated scientific solutions and innovative equipment, partly ready for the market. From the contents: - Rapid Diagnosis and Prevention of Infectious Diseases - Online Monitoring of Airborne Allergenic Particles - Early Diagnosis of Cancer - Regenerative Surgery - Micro Array Biochips - Outlook: Further Perspectives As one of the first books on the topic, it adopts an industry-related approach to present real world applications. The authors not only include a concise description of the new discoveries, but also offer an introduction to the various fields within optics.