Optical Angular Momentum

Author: L. Allen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750309011
Size: 52.40 MB
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Spin angular momentum of photons and the associated polarization of light has been known for many years. However, it is only over the last decade or so that physically realizable laboratory light beams have been used to study the orbital angular momentum of light. In many respects, orbital and spin angular momentum behave in a similar manner, but they differ significantly in others. In particular, orbital angular momentum offers exciting new possibilities with respect to the optical manipulation of matter and to the study of the entanglement of photons. Bringing together 44 landmark papers, Optical Angular Momentum offers the first comprehensive overview of the subject as it has developed. It chronicles the first decade of this important subject and gives a definitive statement of the current status of all aspects of optical angular momentum. In each chapter the editors include a concise introduction, putting the selected papers into context and outlining the key articles associated with this aspect of the subject.

The Angular Momentum Of Light

Author: David L. Andrews
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006341
Size: 25.56 MB
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The first comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the angular momentum of light, illustrating both its theoretical and applied aspects.

Singular Optics

Author: Gregory J. Gbur
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146658078X
Size: 68.17 MB
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"This engagingly written text provides a useful pedagogical introduction to an extensive class of geometrical phenomena in the optics of polarization and phase, including simple explanations of much of the underlying mathematics." —Michael Berry, University of Bristol, UK "The author covers a vast number of topics in great detail, with a unifying mathematical treatment. It will be a useful reference for both beginners and experts...." —Enrique Galvez, Charles A. Dana Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Colgate University "a firm and comprehensive grounding both for those looking to acquaint themselves with the field and those of us that need reminding of the things we thought we knew, but hitherto did not understand: an essential point of reference." —Miles Padgett, Kelvin Chair of Natural Philosophy and Vice Principal (Research), University of Glasgow This book focuses on the various forms of wavefield singularities, including optical vortices and polarization singularities, as well as orbital angular momentum and associated applications. It highlights how an understanding of singular optics provides a completely different way to look at light. Whereas traditional optics focuses on the shape and structure of the non-zero portions of the wavefield, singular optics describes a wave’s properties from its null regions. The contents cover the three main areas of the field: the study of generic features of wavefields, determination of unusual properties of vortices and wavefields that contain singularities, and practical applications of vortices and other singularities.

Quantum Imaging

Author: Mikhail I. Kolobov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387339884
Size: 63.23 MB
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This book gives an overview of the latest progress in the domain of quantum imaging. It reflects three and a half years of research carried out by leading specialists in the area within the Quantum Imaging network, a research programme of the European Community. Quantum Imaging is a newly born branch of quantum optics that investigates the ultimate performance limits of optical imaging allowed by the laws of quantum mechanics. Using the methods and techniques from quantum optics, quantum imaging addresses the questions of image formation, processing and detection with sensitivity and resolution exceeding the limits of classical imaging.

Computer Design Of Diffractive Optics

Author: V A Soifer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093746
Size: 67.62 MB
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Diffractive optics involves the manipulation of light using diffractive optical elements (DOEs). DOEs are being widely applied in such areas as telecommunications, electronics, laser technologies and biomedical engineering. Computer design of diffractive optics provides an authoritative guide to the principles and applications of computer-designed diffractive optics. The theoretical aspects underpinning diffractive optics are initially explored, including the main equations in diffraction theory and diffractive optical transformations. Application of electromagnetic field theory for calculating diffractive gratings and related methods in micro-optics are discussed, as is analysis of transverse modes of laser radiation and the formation of self-replicating multimode laser beams. Key applications of DOEs reviewed include geometrical optics approximation, scalar approximation and optical manipulation of micro objects, with additional consideration of multi-order DOEs and synthesis of DOEs on polycrystalline diamond films. With its distinguished editor and respected team of expert contributors, Computer design of diffractive optics is a comprehensive reference tool for professionals and academics working in the field of optical engineering and photonics. Explores the theoretical aspects underpinning diffractive optics Discusses key applications of diffractive optical elements A comprehensive reference for professionals and academics in optical engineering and photonics

The Angular Momentum Of Light

Author: David L. Andrews
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006341
Size: 75.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The first comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the angular momentum of light, illustrating both its theoretical and applied aspects.

Blackie S Dictionary Of Physics

Author: Blackie
Publisher: S. Chand Publishing
ISBN: 8121942373
Size: 12.58 MB
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Dictionary of Physics provides a comprehensive coverage of different fields of Classic Physics And Modern Physics which include classical mechanics, acoustics, optics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, hydrotatics, hydrodynamics, aerodynamics, atomic, molecular, optical, solar, photonics, radio frequency and microwave, liquid chromatography, fiber optics, optical networking, plasma physics

Small Scale Optics

Author: Preecha Yupapin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466592346
Size: 66.84 MB
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The behavior of light in small scale optics or nano/micro optical devices has shown promising results, which can be used for basic and applied research, especially in nanoelectronics. Small Scale Optics presents the use of optical nonlinear behaviors for spins, antennae, and whispering gallery modes within micro/nano devices and circuits, which can be used in many applications. This book proposes a new design for a small scale optical device—a microring resonator device. Most chapters are based on the proposed device, which uses a configuration know as a PANDA ring resonator. Analytical and numerical methods demonstrate that many applications can be exploited using this device, in particular when it is coated with metallic material. The book begins with the background and description of the PANDA ring resonator. The authors examine optical bistability in microring resonators and test the analytical results with those predicted by the OptiFDTD software package. They then describe their new design for a microring resonator device, which can be used to generate four forms of light on a chip, while also allowing the storing and harvesting of trapped atoms/molecules. The four behaviors of light, for instance, fast, slow, stopping, and storing, can be manipulated and seen simultaneously by using the PANDA ring planar waveguide, which can be fabricated and tested on-chip. Chapters examine optical spin, nano-antennas, optical mesh networks, micro-optical gyroscopes, and spin transport networks. They also address applications for optical devices, including molecular motors for drug discovery, short pulse lasers for treatment of cancer, microsurgery, nano-antenna use in radiotherapy, and neuron cell communications. There are many other possibilities of applications for the PANDA ring resonator, such as quantum coding, optical tweezers, and stopping light, which will play an important role in future optical devices.

Optics Light And Lasers

Author: Dieter Meschede
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527685499
Size: 14.37 MB
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This new, updated and enlarged edition of the successful and exceptionally well-structured textbook features new chapters on such hot topics as optical angular momentum, microscopy beyond the resolution limit, metamaterials, femtocombs, and quantum cascade lasers. It provides comprehensive and coherent coverage of fundamental optics, laser physics, and important modern applications, while equally including some traditional aspects for the first time, such as the Collins integral or solid immersion lenses. Written for newcomers to the topic who will benefit from the author's ability to explain difficult theories and effects in a straightforward and readily comprehensible way.

Twisted Photons

Author: Juan P. Torres
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527635378
Size: 18.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book deals with applications in several areas of science and technology that make use of light which carries orbital angular momentum. In most practical scenarios, the angular momentum can be decomposed into two independent contributions: the spin angular momentum and the orbital angular momentum. The orbital contribution affords a fundamentally new degree of freedom, with fascinating and wide-spread applications. Unlike spin angular momentum, which is associated with the polarization of light, the orbital angular momentum arises as a consequence of the spatial distribution of the intensity and phase of an optical field, even down to the single photon limit. Researchers have begun to appreciate its implications for our understanding of the ways in which light and matter can interact, and its practical potential in different areas of science and technology.