The Cambridge Handbook Of Expertise And Expert Performance

Author: K. Anders Ericsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108625703
Size: 54.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 544
In this updated and expanded edition of The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, some of the world's foremost experts on expertise share their scientific knowledge of expertise and expert performance and show how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of development, training, reasoning, knowledge, and social support. The book reviews innovative methods for measuring experts' knowledge and performance in relevant tasks. Sixteen major domains of expertise are covered, including sports, music, medicine, business, writing, and drawing, with leading researchers summarizing their knowledge about the structure and acquisition of expert skills and knowledge, and discussing future prospects. General issues that cut across most domains are reviewed in chapters on various aspects of expertise, such as general and practical intelligence, differences in brain activity, self-regulated learning, deliberate practice, aging, knowledge management, and creativity.

The Rationality Quotient

Author: Keith E. Stanovich
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262034840
Size: 57.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1791
Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Theoretical underpinnings -- Definitions of rationality in philosophy, cognitive science, and lay discourse -- Rationality, intelligence, and the functional architecture of the mind -- Overcoming miserly processing : detection, override, and mindware -- A framework for the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking (CART) -- The components of rational thought assessed by the CART -- Probabilistic and statistical reasoning -- Scientific reasoning -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : direct tests -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : indirect effects -- Probabilistic numeracy, financial literacy, sensitivity to expected value, and risk knowledge -- Contaminated mindware -- The dispositions and attitudes of rationality -- Comprehensive rational thinking assessment : data and conclusions -- Associations among the subtests : a short-form CART -- Associations among the subtests : the full-form CART -- The CART : context, caveats, and questions -- The social and practical implications of a rational thinking test -- Appendix: Structure and sample items for the subtests and scales of the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking -- References -- Index

The Oxford Handbook Of The Science Of Science Communication

Author: Kathleen Hall Jamieson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190497637
Size: 10.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1264
The proposal to vaccinate adolescent girls against the human papilloma virus ignited political controversy, as did the advent of fracking and a host of other emerging technologies. These disputes attest to the persistent gap between expert and public perceptions. Complicating the communication of sound science and the debates that surround the societal applications of that science is a changing media environment in which misinformation can elicit belief without corrective context and likeminded individuals are prone to seek ideologically comforting information within their own self-constructed media enclaves. Drawing on the expertise of leading science communication scholars from six countries, The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication not only charts the media landscape - from news and entertainment to blogs and films - but also examines the powers and perils of human biases - from the disposition to seek confirming evidence to the inclination to overweight endpoints in a trend line. In the process, it draws together the best available social science on ways to communicate science while also minimizing the pernicious effects of human bias. The Handbook adds case studies exploring instances in which communication undercut or facilitated the access to scientific evidence. The range of topics addressed is wide, from genetically engineered organisms and nanotechnology to vaccination controversies and climate change. Also unique to this book is a focus on the complexities of involving the public in decision making about the uses of science, the regulations that should govern its application, and the ethical boundaries within which science should operate. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers in the communication fields, particularly in science and health communication, as well as to scholars involved in research on scientific topics susceptible to distortion in partisan debate.

Clinical Judgement And Decision Making For Nursing Students

Author: Mooi Standing
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781844457540
Size: 51.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7043
Clinical decision making is now recognised as an indispensable facet of professional nursing care. It is essential that students develop sound decision making skills in order to deal with the challenges they will encounter as registered nurses. This book enables pre-registration nursing students to understand, develop and apply these skills in order to practise safely and effectively. The structure of the book helps the student progress in effective decision making right from the first to final year of their programme. The book links theory to previous students’ experiences and clinical scenarios to show how to use these skills in practice. Mooi Standing is an Independent Academic Consultant (UK and International) & Accredited NMC Reviewer. She leads on curriculum development, quality review and enhancement of theoretical and practice-based learning in nursing and allied health programmes for Universities across UK and Internationally. She also manages the development of collaborative international partnerships on educational programmes between UK higher education institutions and Asia.

Essential Decision Making And Clinical Judgement For Nurses E Book

Author: Carl Thompson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702042528
Size: 47.16 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3206
This book provides the skills and knowledge to use information effectively when exercising professional judgement and clinical decisions. By integrating theory with practical examples, it provides an overview of the key issues facing nurses in decision making today. Review of up-to-date research into clinical professional judgement and decision making Focus on evidence and skills and knowledge relevant to nursing practice Combines current theory with analysis of applications in practice Learning exercises and self-assessment components in each chapter Comprehensive coverage of subject

Managing Projects In Health And Social Care

Author: Vivien Martin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134475403
Size: 65.83 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3856
Managing Projects in Health and Social Care is designed for anyone who is asked to manage a public services project but who lacks the experience or training to feel confident in this role. The book shows how to use project management techniques to ensure that your project will be successful. The key dimensions discussed are: * budget * time * feasibility * planning / scheduling * implementation * evaluation. The book includes many examples to show how people have used the techniques described in health and care settings. There are clear explanations of how and when to use each technique and consideration of the differences between large and complex projects and smaller, less complicated ones. It is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to be sure that their project will make a useful contribution to improvement of health and care services.

Annual Report

Author: University of Wisconsin--Madison. College of Engineering
Size: 17.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7123

Principles Of Health Care Ethics

Author: Raanan Gillon
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
Size: 44.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 2703
Analyzes the moral problems confronting health care practitioners from a wide variety of perspectives, especially those connected by four major ethical principles--respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice.