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Author: Alejandra Marchevsky
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814757109
Size: 36.26 MB
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Originalism is the practice of reviewing constitutional cases by seeking to discern the framers' and ratifiers' intent. Original Sin argues that the "jurisprudence of original intent," represented on the current Supreme Court by Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas, has failed on its own terms. Attempts to determine the framers' intent have not brought greater determinacy and legitimacy to the process of constitutional interpretation. Instead, the method has been marked by the very flaws—including self-interested reasoning and the manipulation of doctrine—that originalists argue marred the jurisprudence of the judicial "activists" of the Warren Court. Original Sin brings a rigorous review of the performance of the "new originalists" to the debate, applying their methodology to real cases. Marcosson focuses on the judicial decisions of Clarence Thomas, an avowed originalist who nevertheless advocates "color blind" readings of the Constitution which are at odds with the framers' ideas concerning anti-miscegenation and other laws. After critiquing what he sees as a troubling use of originalism and explaining why it has failed to provide a consistent basis for constitutional decision-making, the author goes on to offer an alternative approach: one that lends greater legitimacy to the Court's interpretations of the Constitution.

Latino Issues

Author: Rogelio Saenz
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598843141
Size: 63.97 MB
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This book provides a lively understanding of the growing Latina/o population in the United States, highlights the problems that confront this ethnic group, and discusses proposed solutions to these issues. * A chronology of the major events that have shaped the Latina/o experience in the United States * A directory of organizations, associations, and agencies focusing on the Latina/o population, with brief descriptions of the group's origins, mission, and activities

Battleground Immigration 2 Volumes

Author: Judith Ann Warner
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313344140
Size: 36.40 MB
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Among the most tumultuous conflicts of modern America is the war over legal and undocumented immigrants currently residing within U.S. borders. Since the passing of the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act, America has witnessed an unprecedented flow of immigrants onto its shores, with increased diversity of race and culture. Battleground: Immigration examines the most critical issues surrounding immigration today, including effects on the economy, education, and employment, as well as the viability of the foreign-born in American society. All sides of the immigration debate are explored in this comprehensive 2-volume set, with special weight given to the very specific issues that have arisen in post-9/11 America: homeland security and border control, 9/11's impact on legislation and civil liberties; the Department of Homeland security and its role in border control; transnational organized crime, human smuggling and trafficking; and post 9/11 border control and security impact on immigration. With direct ties to the curriculum, this set is a valuable resource for students of sociology, current events, American history, political science, ethnic studies, and public policy.

Selling Welfare Reform

Author: Frank Ridzi
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814776339
Size: 76.21 MB
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The 1996 Welfare Reform Act promised to end welfare as we knew it. In Selling Welfare Reform, Frank Ridzi uses rich ethnographic detail to examine how new welfare-to-work policies, time limits, and citizenship documentation radically changed welfare, revealing what really goes on at the front lines of the reformed welfare system. Selling Welfare Reform chronicles how entrepreneurial efforts ranging from front-line caseworkers to high-level administrators set the pace for restructuring a resistant bureaucracy. At the heart of this remarkable institutional transformation is a market-centered approach to human services that re-framed the definition of success to include diversion from the present system, de-emphasis of legal protections and behavioral conditioning of poor parents to accommodate employers. Ridzi draws a compelling portrait of how welfare staff and their clients negotiate the complexities of the low wage labor market in an age of global competition, exposing the realities of how the new "common sense" of poverty is affecting the lives of poor and vulnerable Americans.

The Immigration Crucible

Author: Philip Kretsedemas
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527322
Size: 49.61 MB
Format: PDF
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In the debate over U. S. immigration, all sides now support policy and practice that expand the parameters of enforcement. Philip Kretsedemas examines this development from several different perspectives, exploring recent trends in U.S. immigration policy, the rise in extralegal state power over the course of the twentieth century, and discourses on race, nation, and cultural difference that have influenced politics and academia. He also analyzes the recent expansion of local immigration law and explains how forms of extralegal discretionary authority have become more prevalent in federal immigration policy, making the dispersion of local immigration laws possible. While connecting such extralegal state powers to a free flow position on immigration, Kretsedemas also observes how these same discretionary powers have been used historically to control racial minority populations, particularly African Americans under Jim Crow. This kind of discretionary authority often appeals to "states rights" arguments, recently revived by immigration control advocates. Using these and other examples, Kretsedemas explains how both sides of the immigration debate have converged on the issue of enforcement and how, despite differing interests, each faction has shaped the commonsense assumptions defining the debate.

Encyclopedia Of Immigrant Health

Author: Sana Loue
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144195659X
Size: 66.43 MB
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This encyclopedia adopts a biopsychosocial-historical approach to immigrant health, with a focus on immigrant populations in, and immigration to, magnet countries. Extensive references to worldwide trends and global issues are made throughout its entries.

The Emergence Of Latino Americanos On The United States Political Stage

Author: Anthony A. Sisneros
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 48.64 MB
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This study is the first empirical study of the development of Latino empowerment on the United States political stage, utilizing data collected from voter behavior research, narrative inquiry, participant-observation, interviews, content analysis, case study analysis, case law analysis, and examinations of national and state labor force statistical data. This work should appeal to scholars interested in state and local government, legislative studies, law and courts, public administration, and nonprofit and ethnic studies. events give due cause to be impressed with Latino Americanos: first, the fact that in 2003, Latinos became the United States' largest minority; second, three Latino U.S. Senators, first-time Latino Attorney General and Secretary of Commerce, and female Mexican-born defeats incumbent native-born Hispanic and MPA graduate for a House seat in the Illinois State General Assembly are all historic events for the Latino community in America. This book is timely, considering significant population shifts in the United States which are redefining the minority, plurality, and majority status of Latinos, by utilizing data collected from voter behavior research, narrative inquiry, participant-observation, interviews, content analysis, case study analysis, case law analysis, and examinations of national and state labor force statistical data.

Ending Dependency

Author:
Publisher: Civitas/Inst for the Study of
ISBN:
Size: 73.96 MB
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There are few changes in social policy that have been so radical and so contentious as those made to the US welfare system in the 1990s. The reforms abolished the idea of a right to welfare. Claimants were to be steered firmly into the workforce, with strict time limits for those claiming benefits - no more than two years at a stretch, and no more than five years in a lifetime.

Selenidad

Author: Deborah Paredez
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN:
Size: 56.25 MB
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An outpouring of memorial tributes and public expressions of grief followed the death of the Tejana recording artist Selena Quintanilla Pérez in 1995. The Latina superstar was remembered and mourned in documentaries, magazines, websites, monuments, biographies, murals, look-alike contests, musicals, drag shows, and more. Deborah Paredez explores the significance and broader meanings of this posthumous celebration of Selena, which she labels “Selenidad.” She considers the performer’s career and emergence as an icon within the political and cultural transformations in the United States during the 1990s, a decade that witnessed a “Latin explosion” in culture and commerce alongside a resurgence of anti-immigrant discourse and policy. Paredez argues that Selena’s death galvanized Latina/o efforts to publicly mourn collective tragedies (such as the murders of young women along the U.S.-Mexico border) and to envision a brighter future. At the same time, reactions to the star’s death catalyzed political jockeying for the Latino vote and corporate attempts to corner the Latino market. Foregrounding the role of performance in the politics of remembering, Paredez unravels the cultural, political, and economic dynamics at work in specific commemorations of Selena. She analyzes Selena’s final concert, the controversy surrounding the memorial erected in the star’s hometown of Corpus Christi, and the political climate that served as the backdrop to the touring musicals Selena Forever and Selena: A Musical Celebration of Life. Paredez considers what “becoming” Selena meant to the young Latinas who auditioned for the biopic Selena, released in 1997, and she surveys a range of Latina/o queer engagements with Selena, including Latina lesbian readings of the star’s death scene and queer Selena drag. Selenidad is a provocative exploration of how commemorations of Selena reflected and changed Latinidad.