Networks In The Russian Market Economy

Author: M. Lonkila
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230294936
Size: 34.75 MB
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A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. This book examines the significance of networks among the firms operative in the contemporary Russian software industry in the St. Petersburg region.

Russia S Economy Of Favours

Author: Alena V. Ledeneva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521627436
Size: 78.76 MB
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The word blat refers to the system of informal contacts and personal networks which was used to obtain goods and services under the rationing which characterised Soviet Russia. Alena Ledeneva's book is the first to analyse blat in all its historical, socio-economic and cultural aspects, and to explore its implications for post-Soviet society. In a socialist distribution system which resulted in constant shortages, blat developed into an 'economy of favours' which shadowed an overcontrolling centre and represented the reaction of ordinary people to the social constraints they faced. In social and economic terms, blat exchanges became vital to the population, and to the functioning of the Soviet system. The book shows that the nature of the economic and political changes in contemporary Russia cannot be properly understood without attention to the powerful legacy of the blat economy.

Multinational Corporations From Emerging Markets

Author: A. Nölke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137359501
Size: 45.61 MB
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The rise of multinational corporations (MNCs) from emerging markets has been a major development during the last decade. An important feature of emerging market MNCs is their close relationship with home states. The book investigates this special kind of relationship and explores how it affects the cross-border activities of these corporations.

Can Russia Modernise

Author: Alena V. Ledeneva
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107310431
Size: 14.10 MB
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In this original, bottom-up account of the evolution of contemporary Russia, Alena Ledeneva seeks to reveal how informal power operates. Concentrating on Vladimir Putin's system of governance - referred to as sistema - she identifies four key types of networks: his inner circle, useful friends, core contacts and more diffuse ties and connections. These networks serve sistema but also serve themselves. Reliance on networks enables leaders to mobilise and to control, yet they also lock politicians, bureaucrats and businessmen into informal deals, mediated interests and personalised loyalty. This is the 'modernisation trap of informality': one cannot use the potential of informal networks without triggering their negative long-term consequences for institutional development. Ledeneva's perspective on informal power is based on in-depth interviews with sistema insiders and enhanced by evidence of its workings brought to light in court cases, enabling her to draw broad conclusions about the prospects for Russia's political institutions.

Agent Based Modelling And Network Dynamics

Author: Akira Namatame
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198708289
Size: 54.30 MB
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The book integrates agent-based modeling and network science. It is divided into three parts, namely, foundations, primary dynamics on and of social networks, and applications. The authors begin with the network origin of agent-based models, known as cellular automata, and introduce a number of classic models, such as Schelling's segregation model and Axelrod's spatial game. The text shows that the modern network science mainly driven by game-theorists andsociophysicists has inspired agent-based social scientists to develop alternative formation algorithms, known as agent-based social networks.

A Russian Factory Enters The Market Economy

Author: Claudio Morrison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134113021
Size: 79.28 MB
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This book charts the experiences of a textile enterprise in Russia during the 1990s, analysing post-Soviet management and managerial practices in order to illuminate the content, nature and direction of industrial restructuring in the Russian privatised sector during the years of economic transition. Based on extensive factory-level fieldwork, it focuses upon changes in ownership, management and labour organisation, unveiling the complex texture of social, communal and gender relations in the workplace over an extended period of time, including through crisis and bankruptcy, acquisition by new capitalist owners and attempted restructuring. It argues, contrary to dominant Western managerial theories which blame the failure of transition on the irrationality of Russian managerial strategies, that the rationale for the continued reliance on Soviet era managerial practices lay in the peculiar form of social relations in the workplace which were characteristic of the Soviet system. It engages with key issues, often neglected in the literature, such as social domination, power and conflict, that capture the problematic and open-ended character of social and economic transformation in post-Soviet production. It demonstrates that far from a simple transition to a market economy, the post-Soviet transition has reproduced most of the features of the old Soviet system, including its patterns of labour relations.

Russian Organized Corruption Networks And Their International Trajectories

Author: Serguei Cheloukhine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441909909
Size: 72.19 MB
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Countries undergoing major social and legal transitions typically experience a light, but relatively insignificant, increase in crime. However, in the past decade, many transitional countries in Eastern Europe, and Russia in particular, have experienced a surge in criminal activities that came about through the collaboration of diverse players—such as criminals, state officials, businesspersons, and law enforcement—into organized networks aimed to obtain financial and economic gains.

Russian Corporations

Author: Andreĭ Igorevich Kuznet︠s︡ov
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780789014184
Size: 63.87 MB
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Do you understand what it takes to conduct business successfully in the new Russia? The large-scale market reforms that revolutionized Russian business are now nearly a decade old. In this period, as editor Andrei Kuznetsov puts it, ”The Russian economy has acquired some intriguing characteristics that affect any firm or person wishing to do business in Russia. Most noticeable of them are the spread of barter transactions, a low level of investment activities, labor hoarding, and the importance of networks and unorthodox forms of corporate governance.” Russian Corporations: The Strategies of Survival and Development shows that while predictions of the quick development of a functional market economy in the new Russia have not, for the most part, come true, it is nevertheless possible, if one's preconceptions are properly modified, to do business successfully there. In this timely and informative book you will find: information about the scale and scope of barter in the new Russia--how it works and why it is crucial to the survival of industry the pros and cons of insider shareholding in the new Russia the evolution of ownership structures and patterns of control in Russian firms a discussion of investment (and the lack of it) in Russian industry data about supplier/buyer relationship management in the region Investors, businesspeople, educators, and students will all find fascinating information in Russian Corporations: The Strategies of Survival and Development. This single source will bring you up to date on the theory and practice of corporate business in the new Russia.

Putin S Kleptocracy

Author: Karen Dawisha
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476795207
Size: 42.74 MB
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The raging question in the world today is who is the real Vladimir Putin and what are his intentions. Karen Dawisha’s brilliant Putin’s Kleptocracy provides an answer, describing how Putin got to power, the cabal he brought with him, the billions they have looted, and his plan to restore the Greater Russia. Russian scholar Dawisha describes and exposes the origins of Putin’s kleptocratic regime. She presents extensive new evidence about the Putin circle’s use of public positions for personal gain even before Putin became president in 2000. She documents the establishment of Bank Rossiya, now sanctioned by the US; the rise of the Ozero cooperative, founded by Putin and others who are now subject to visa bans and asset freezes; the links between Putin, Petromed, and “Putin’s Palace” near Sochi; and the role of security officials from Putin’s KGB days in Leningrad and Dresden, many of whom have maintained their contacts with Russian organized crime. Putin’s Kleptocracy is the result of years of research into the KGB and the various Russian crime syndicates. Dawisha’s sources include Stasi archives; Russian insiders; investigative journalists in the US, Britain, Germany, Finland, France, and Italy; and Western officials who served in Moscow. Russian journalists wrote part of this story when the Russian media was still free. “Many of them died for this story, and their work has largely been scrubbed from the Internet, and even from Russian libraries,” Dawisha says. “But some of that work remains.”

Markets Versus Hierarchies

Author: Ekaterina Brancato
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1848447256
Size: 78.39 MB
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Historians have often debate why political factors have dominated economic developments in Russian history, but never as systematically as in this ambitious interdisciplinary study. . . An excellent, highly original work. It will interest a broad scholarly audience including economists, historians, free market advocates, business historians, management specialists, and public policy experts. This well-written volume is an essential holding for research libraries. Highly recommended. J.P. McKay, Choice This unique book uses a transaction cost perspective to illustrate how hierarchies influenced the structure of markets and behaviour of individual businesses and cartels in pre-revolutionary, Soviet and present-day Russia. Ekaterina Brancato exposes the devastating effects of self-interested decision-making of government officials on economic growth, and highlights the inefficiencies of the legal system in Russia. She demonstrates that throughout Russian history considerable state involvement in the economy has meant that some markets were highly regulated; for most of the 20th century, open markets were suppressed by the political regime, and entrepreneurial success has been dependent on networking. The general population, the author argues, has exhibited an inadequate propensity to self-govern. In addition, the laws of contract and private property, crucial for development of markets, have been ineffective. The book concludes that, consequently, the cost of market transactions has been high and the cost of social networking through hierarchies relatively low. This book will strongly appeal to academics and students specializing in industrial organization, public choice, transition, entrepreneurship, social networks and cultural studies as well as Russian economic history and political economy. Business and management students focusing on transition economies will also find this book to be of particular interest.