Needs Assessment

Author: David Royse
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195368789
Size: 62.30 MB
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This text features discussions on emerging technologies in the field of needs assessment as well as abundant social work case examples. It covers one of the most essential kinds of research for social work management.

Secondary Data Analysis

Author: Thomas P. Vartanian
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019538881X
Size: 62.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This pocket guide provides an in-depth introduction to 29 of the most widely used data sets in social work and the social sciences. Readers will find in-depth information about each data set, how to locate and use the data, what types of questions the data may answer, and the key variables in the data.

Narrative Inquiry

Author: Kathleen Wells
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195385799
Size: 25.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"This Pocket Guide to narrative inquiry will present the method's major theoretical underpinnings; rationales for use of narrative research methods within life history and case study frameworks; primary strategies for eliciting, listening to, and transcribing first-person oral narratives; prevailing analytic frameworks for analysis of such data; ethical considerations and Institutional Review Board-related challenges in narrative inquiry; and issues pertaining to trustworthiness and theoretical and empirical generalization. The author, an esteemed researcher, will illustrate concepts from her on-going narrative investigation of abusive and neglectful mothers who lost and regained custody of their children within one impoverished community, a useful site from which to discuss issues of memory, trauma, context and process, and narrative truth. References to exemplary published narrative studies of questions of concern to social work practitioners in the areas of psychotherapy, child welfare practice, and organizational/community practice, for example, will also be included. The volume is designed, in short, to address the issues an investigator would need to consider in order to develop a narrative inquiry: questions of theory, method, and meaning. Yet, it is not proscriptive. It will focus on the topical areas an investigator should address when planning a narrative study, and it provides a summary of two or three ways in which scholars have answered each one. This approach recognizes the connections among epistemology, features of social work problems, and method that defy simple categorization and acknowledges the emergent and interdisciplinary nature of narrative inquiry."--Provided by publisher.

Systematic Reviews And Meta Analysis

Author: Julia H. Littell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195326547
Size: 23.70 MB
Format: PDF
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When used in tandem, systematic reviews and meta-analysis-- two distinct but highly compatible approaches to research synthesis-- form a powerful, scientific approach to analyzing previous studies. But to see their full potential, a social work researcher must be versed in the foundational processes underlying them. This pocket guide to Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis illuminates precisely that practical groundwork.In clear, step-by-step terms, the authors explain how to format topics, locate and screen studies, extract and assess data, pool effect sizes, determine bias, and interpret the results, showing readers how to combine reviewing and meta-analysis correctly and effectively. Each chapter contains vivid social work examples and concludes with a concise summary and notes on further reading, while the book's glossary and handy checklists and sample search and data extraction forms maximize the boo'ks usefulness.Highlighting the concepts necessary to understand, critique, and conduct research synthesis, this brief and highly readable introduction is a terrific resource for students and researchers alike.

Intervention Research

Author: Mark W. Fraser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199717071
Size: 53.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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When social workers draw on experience, theory, or data in order to develop new strategies or enhance existing ones, they are conducting intervention research. This relatively new field involves program design, implementation, and evaluation and requires a theory-based, systematic approach. Intervention Research presents such a framework. The five-step strategy described in this brief but thorough book ushers the reader from an idea's germination through the process of writing a treatment manual, assessing program efficacy and effectiveness, and disseminating findings. Rich with examples drawn from child welfare, school-based prevention, medicine, and juvenile justice, Intervention Research relates each step of the process to current social work practice. It also explains how to adapt interventions for new contexts, and provides extensive examples of intervention research in fields such as child welfare, school-based prevention, medicine, and juvenile justice, and offers insights about changes and challenges in the field. This innovative pocket guide will serve as a solid reference for those already in the field, as well as help the next generation of social workers develop skills to contribute to the evolving field of intervention research.

Systematic Synthesis Of Qualitative Research

Author: Michael Saini
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 019538721X
Size: 24.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Qualitative synthesis within the family of systematic reviews meets an urgent need to use knowledge derived from qualitative studies to inform practice, research, and policy. Despite the contingent nature of evidence gleaned from synthesis of qualitative studies, systematic synthesis is an important technique and, used judiciously, can deepen understanding of the contextual dimensions that emerge from qualitative research. This pocket guide presents an overview for planning, developing, and implementing qualitative synthesis within existing protocols and guidelines for conducting systematic reviews. The authors also explore methodological challenges, including: the philosophical tensions of integrating qualitative synthesis within the family of systematic reviews; the balance of comprehensive and iterative information retrieval strategies to locate and screen qualitative research; the use of appraisal tools to assess quality of qualitative studies; the various approaches to synthesize qualitative studies, including interpretive, integrated, and aggregative; and the tensions between the generalizability and transferability of findings that emerge from qualitative synthesis. Social work researchers, educators, and doctoral students who are interested in systematic reviews will find the step-by-step format of this book invaluable for conducting their reviews, both in the form of rapid evidence assessments and in high-quality critical reviews.

Analysis Of Multiple Dependent Variables

Author: Patrick Dattalo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199773599
Size: 68.47 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This pocket guide provides a concise, practical, and economical introduction to four procedures for the analysis of multiple dependent variables: multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), multivariate multiple regression (MMR), and structural equation modeling (SEM).

Data Analysis With Small Samples And Non Normal Data

Author: Carl F. Siebert
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199391491
Size: 46.95 MB
Format: PDF
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In social sciences, education, and public health research, researchers often conduct small pilot studies (or may have planned for a larger sample but lost too many cases due to attrition or missingness), leaving them with a smaller sample than they expected and thus less power for their statistical analyses. Similarly, researchers may find that their data are not normally distributed -- especially in clinical samples -- or that the data may not meet other assumptions required for parametric analyses. In these situations, nonparametric analytic strategies can be especially useful, though they are likely unfamiliar. A clearly written reference book, Data Analysis with Small Samples and Non-Normal Data offers step-by-step instructions for each analytic technique in these situations. Researchers can easily find what they need, matching their situation to the case-based scenarios that illustrate the many uses of nonparametric strategies. Unlike most statistics books, this text is written in straightforward language (thereby making it accessible for nonstatisticians) while providing useful information for those already familiar with nonparametric tests. Screenshots of the software and output allow readers to follow along with each step of an analysis. Assumptions for each of the tests, typical situations in which to use each test, and descriptions of how to explain the findings in both statistical and everyday language are all included for each nonparametric strategy. Additionally, a useful companion website provides SPSS syntax for each test, along with the data set used for the scenarios in the book. Researchers can use the data set, following the steps in the book, to practice each technique before using it with their own data. Ultimately, the many helpful features of this book make it an ideal long-term reference for researchers to keep in their personal libraries.

Multiple Regression With Discrete Dependent Variables

Author: John G. Orme
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199716296
Size: 31.63 MB
Format: PDF
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Most social work researchers are familiar with linear regression techniques, which are fairly straightforward to conduct, interpret, and present. However, linear regression is not appropriate for discrete dependent variables, and social work research frequently employs these variables, focusing on outcomes such as placement in foster care or not; level of severity of elder abuse or depression symptoms; or number of reoffenses by juvenile delinquents in the year following adjudication. This book presents detailed discussions of regression models that are appropriate for a variety of discrete dependent variables. The major challenges of such analyses lie in the non-linear relationships between independent and dependent variables, and particularly in interpreting and presenting findings. Clear language guides the reader briefly through each step of the analysis, using SPSS and result presentation to enhance understanding of the important link function. The book begins with a brief review of linear regression; next, the authors cover basic binary logistic regression, which provides a foundation for the other techniques. In particular, comprehension of the link function is vital in order to later interpret these methods' results. Though the book assumes a basic understanding of linear regression, reviews and definitions throughout provide useful reminders of important terms and their meaning, and throughout the book the authors provide detailed examples based on their own data, which readers may work through by accessing the data and output on companion website. Social work and other social sciences faculty, students, and researchers who already have a basic understanding of linear regression but are not as familiar with the regression analysis of discrete dependent variables will find this straightforward pocket guide to be a terrific boon to their bookshelves. For additional resources, visit http://www.oup.com/us/pocketguides.

Grounded Theory

Author: Julianne S. Oktay
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199909865
Size: 34.53 MB
Format: PDF
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Grounded Theory (GT) is one of the oldest and most often used forms of qualitative research. Unlike other methods, GT is used to develop theory. Grounded Theory has great potential for social work because in order to conduct theory-based practice, social workers need middle-range theories that are neither highly abstract nor difficult to apply in real life. Social work and Grounded Theory focus on the interaction of individual and society. GT studies can provide theories about how individuals navigate their surroundings that can be tested in social work practice and, ultimately, be used to guide social work practitioners. In this volume, readers will find discussions of the common roots of social work and Grounded Theory, the basic characteristics of grounded theory research, and issues of quality in grounded theory research. In addition, practical guidelines and suggestions are provided for conducting grounded theory research, from writing the proposal to advanced data analysis. Exemplars from social work literature are used to illustrate grounded theory research in different social work fields. With practice exercises, guidelines for formulating problems and gathering and analyzing data, tips for working with software, consideration of ethical and Institutional Review Board issues, and discussion of new developments such as mixed-method and synthesis, this pocket guide offers social work researchers a strong, practical introduction to GT research.