Nature Inspired Methods In Chemometrics Genetic Algorithms And Artificial Neural Networks

Author: Riccardo Leardi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080522623
Size: 56.78 MB
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In recent years Genetic Algorithms (GA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have progressively increased in importance amongst the techniques routinely used in chemometrics. This book contains contributions from experts in the field is divided in two sections (GA and ANN). In each part, tutorial chapters are included in which the theoretical bases of each technique are expertly (but simply) described. These are followed by application chapters in which special emphasis will be given to the advantages of the application of GA or ANN to that specific problem, compared to classical techniques, and to the risks connected with its misuse. This book is of use to all those who are using or are interested in GA and ANN. Beginners can focus their attentions on the tutorials, whilst the most advanced readers will be more interested in looking at the applications of the techniques. It is also suitable as a reference book for students. Subject matter is steadily increasing in importance Comparison of Genetic Algorithms (GA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) with the classical techniques Suitable for both beginners and advanced researchers

Chromatographic Analysis Of The Environment Third Edition

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420027980
Size: 72.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment, Third Edition is a detailed handbook on different chromatographic analysis techniques and chromatographic data for compounds found in air, water, soil, and sludge. Taking on a new perspective from previous editions, this third edition discusses the parameters of each environmental compartment in a consistent format that highlights preparation techniques, chromatographic separation methods, and detection methods. Most of the data are compiled in tables and figures to elucidate the text as needed. Separate chapters approach specific aspects of sampling methods especially designed for environmental purposes, quantification of environmental analytes in difficult matrices, and data handling. The second part of the book focuses on the analysis of hazardous chemicals in the environment, including volatile organic carbons (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). In addition, the authors feature information on compounds such as phosphates, organic acids, halogenated VOCs, amines, and n-ntirosamines, isocyanates, phthalate esters, and humic substances. Presenting important theoretical and practical aspects from sample collection to laboratory analysis, Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment, Third Edition is a unique resource of chromatographic techniques, data, and references that are useful to all scientists involved in the analysis of environmental compounds.

Modern Techniques For Food Authentication

Author: Da-Wen Sun
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080886169
Size: 32.66 MB
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With the increasing awareness of food safety and quality, consumers continuously demand the reassurance of origin and content of their foods. Furthermore, manufacturers must be able to confirm the authenticity of components of their products in order to comply with government legislation. Protection of the rights of consumers, genuine food processors, and prevention of fraudulent or deceptive practices and the adulteration of food is an important and challenge facing the food industry. Rapid scientific and technological advances in the determination of food authenticity have taken place in recent years and Modern Techniques for Food Authentication focuses on many of those novel techniques. Including coverage of various spectroscopic technologies, methods based on isotopic analysis and chromatography, DNA, enzymatic analysis, electrophosresis and thermal methods, this book provides a valuable, international resource on the latest developments in food authentication. *A comprehensive overview of authentication techniques and technology *Written by an international group of academic and professional peers *Provides an excellent complement to more general books on food safety

Handbook Of Water Analysis Third Edition

Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143988966X
Size: 59.42 MB
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Extensively revised and updated, Handbook of Water Analysis, Third Edition provides current analytical techniques for detecting various compounds in water samples. Maintaining the detailed and accessible style of the previous editions, this third edition demonstrates water sampling and preservation methods by enumerating different ways to measure chemical and radiological characteristics. It gives step-by-step descriptions of separation, residue determination, and clean-up techniques. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes five new chapters covering ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as organoleptical and algal analysis methodology Compares older methods still frequently used with recently developed protocols, and examines future trends Features a new section regarding organoleptical analysis of water acknowledging that ultimately the consumers of drinking water have the final vote over its quality with respect to odor, flavor, and color The book covers the physical, chemical, and other relevant properties of various substances found in water. It then describes the sampling, cleanup, extraction, and derivatization procedures, and concludes with detection methods. Illustrated with procedure flow charts and schematics, the text includes numerous tables categorizing methods according to type of component, origin of the water sample, parameters and procedures used, and application range. With contributions from international experts, the book guides you through the entire scientific investigation starting with a sampling strategy designed to capture the real-world situation as closely as possible, and ending with an adequate chemometrical and statistical treatment of the acquired data. By organizing data into more than 300 tables, graphs, and charts, and supplementing the text with equations and illustrations, the editors distill a wealth of knowledge into a single accessible reference.

Scientific Data Ranking Methods

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080931937
Size: 65.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume presents the basic mathematics of ranking methods through a didactic approach and the integration of relevant applications. Ranking methods can be applied in several different fields, including decision support, toxicology, environmental problems, proteomics and genomics, analytical chemistry, food chemistry, and QSAR. . Covers a wide range of applications, from the environment and toxicology to DNA sequencing . Incorporates contributions from renowned experts in the field . Meets the increasing demand for literature concerned with ranking methods and their applications

The Design Of Innovation

Author: David E. Goldberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475736436
Size: 48.72 MB
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7 69 6 A DESIGN APPROACH TO PROBLEM DIFFICULTY 71 1 Design and Problem Difficulty 71 2 Three Misconceptions 72 3 Hard Problems Exist 76 4 The 3-Way Decomposition and Its Core 77 The Core of Intra-BB Difficulty: Deception 5 77 6 The Core of Inter-BB Difficulty: Scaling 83 7 The Core of Extra-BB Difficulty: Noise 88 Crosstalk: All Roads Lead to the Core 8 89 9 From Multimodality to Hierarchy 93 10 Summary 100 7 ENSURING BUILDING BLOCK SUPPLY 101 1 Past Work 101 2 Facetwise Supply Model I: One BB 102 Facetwise Supply Model II: Partition Success 103 3 4 Population Size for BB Supply 104 Summary 5 106 8 ENSURING BUILDING BLOCK GROWTH 109 1 The Schema Theorem: BB Growth Bound 109 2 Schema Growth Somewhat More Generally 111 3 Designing for BB Market Share Growth 112 4 Selection Press ure for Early Success 114 5 Designing for Late in the Day 116 The Schema Theorem Works 6 118 A Demonstration of Selection Stall 7 119 Summary 122 8 9 MAKING TIME FOR BUILDING BLOCKS 125 1 Analysis of Selection Alone: Takeover Time 126 2 Drift: When Selection Chooses for No Reason 129 3 Convergence Times with Multiple BBs 132 4 A Time-Scales Derivation of Critical Locus 142 5 A Little Model of Noise-Induced Run Elongation 143 6 From Alleles to Building Blocks 147 7 Summary 148 10 DECIDING WELL 151 1 Why is Decision Making a Problem? 151

A Field Guide To Genetic Programming

Author:
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1409200736
Size: 39.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Genetic programming (GP) is a systematic, domain-independent method for getting computers to solve problems automatically starting from a high-level statement of what needs to be done. Using ideas from natural evolution, GP starts from an ooze of random computer programs, and progressively refines them through processes of mutation and sexual recombination, until high-fitness solutions emerge. All this without the user having to know or specify the form or structure of solutions in advance. GP has generated a plethora of human-competitive results and applications, including novel scientific discoveries and patentable inventions. This unique overview of this exciting technique is written by three of the most active scientists in GP. See www.gp-field-guide.org.uk for more information on the book.