Muscle Metabolism During Exercise

Author: Bengt Pernow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461346096
Size: 49.68 MB
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Howard G. Knuttgen of Biology, Boston University, 2 Cummington Department Street, Boston, 02215 Massachusetts, USA The relationship of the formation of lactate acid to skeletal muscle energy release in exercising humans was first explored by A. V. Hill and co-workers (2l, 22). The term "oxygen debt" was suggested by them to describe the excess oxygen consumption of recovery which they felt was closely related. A combination of their work and the earlier work of Krogh and Lindhard (35) re sulted at that time in the belief that a certain amount of energy release during the transition from rest to exercise was provided by a non-aerobic source, glycolysis. The resulting accumulation of lactic acid (as lactate) in the body required an extra con sumption during recovery for its oxidative removal. Jervell (24) subsequently showed that, in exercise, the greatest accumulation in blood took place during the first few minutes. He felt that the blood lactate increase was due to a shortage of oxygen during the transition period. The observation was also made for the first time that the increased level of lac tate due to exercise could be made to fall faster if mild exercise was employed by the subjects in place of sedentary recovery. The work of Margaria, Edwards and Dill (40) appeared in 1933. They observed that exercise (treadmill running) could be carried on at low levels without significant changes in resting levels of blood lactate.

Muscle Metabolism

Author: Juleen R Zierath
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203166420
Size: 59.20 MB
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Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications associated with it. Enormous advances in the understanding of the development of diabetes and its prevention have recently been derived from work with such animal models. This book presents the state-of-the-art knowledge in the field of diabetes research directed at understanding the mechanisms governing the development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Muscle Metabolism will be of significant interest for those researching diabetes at an experimental level in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, it will also be of interest to researchers in the fields of obesity, metabolism, endocrinology and molecular biology.

Clinical Nutrition And Aging

Author: Chad Cox
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315359820
Size: 22.67 MB
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This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Sarcopenia—the loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with advancing age—is a major health challenge, particularly in North America, Europe, and Japan, which have large aging populations. This compendium volume is a valuable addition to the existing literature, providing state-of-the-art information on the most effective prevention and treatment options. Included are research articles on nutrition management and the prevention of sarcopenia; protein therapy for sarcopenia; effect of exercise on sarcopenia; and other therapeutic strategies, including antioxidants and steroids.

Skeletal Muscle Metabolism In Exercise And Diabetes

Author: Erik A. Richter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489919287
Size: 71.58 MB
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The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre was founded in 1994 with the support of a grant from the Danish National Research Foundation. Among the goals for the Centre is the organization of research symposia, with the aim of bringing a limited number ofintemation ally renowned scientists together to discuss the latest developments and perspectives in their field. The first Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Conference was held in 1995 and dealt with cardiovascular regulation. The Second Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Confer ence was held from October 23-26, 1997. The topic of the Symposium was Muscle Metabo lism: Regulation, Exercise, and Diabetes. Seventy invited scientists from all over the world discussed their latest research related to skeletal muscle metabolism. The speakers were asked to expand on their presentations and to write short, but comprehensive, chapters about their given topics. The result is 28 peer-reviewed and edited chapters covering many if not all aspects of muscle energy metabolism related to exercise and diabetes. Emphasis is on regulation of glucose and fatty acid metabolism and the mechanisms regulating their use as fuels for the muscle during exercise. In addition, abnormalities in the regulation of glucose metabolism in the diabetic state are described. However, amino acid and protein metabolism are also thoroughly discussed. We believe that this volume brings an unparralleled, up to date, and comprehensive review of the frontiers in muscle metabolism. Erik A.

Muscle Metabolism

Author: Eric Fischer
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781548096823
Size: 42.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"I'm overweight because I have a slow metabolism." Since metabolism is not a state, it is more like a process that needs to be figured out and promoted. Thus, this book highlights the fundamental mechanics of muscle work by showcasing: a deep understanding of your muscle's metabolism and anatomy the different body types regarding muscle fibers the basic difference between aerobic and anerobic repspiration considering muscle contraction how to maximize muscle strength Save this edition in order to start a healthy living as an attempt to live longer, happier and more satisfied..