Moral Systems And The Evolution Of Human Rights

Author: Bruce K. Friesen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401795517
Size: 38.27 MB
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This volume offers a comprehensible account of the development and evolution of moral systems. It seeks to answer the following questions: If morals are eternal and unchanging, why have the world’s dominant religious moral systems been around for no more than a mere six thousand of the two hundred thousand years of modern human existence? What explains the many and varied moral systems across the globe today? How can we account for the significant change in moral values in one place in less than 100 years’ time? Using examples from classical civilizations, the book demonstrates how increasing diversity compromises a moral system’s ability to account for and integrate larger populations into a single social unit. This environmental stress is not relieved until a broader, more abstract moral system is adopted by a social system. This new system provides a sense of belonging and purpose for more people, motivating them to engage in prosocial (or moral) acts and refrain from socially disruptive selfish acts. The current human rights paradigm is the world’s first universal, indigenous moral system. Because moral systems can be expected to continue to evolve, this book points to current boundaries of the human rights paradigm and where the next major moral revolution might emerge. ​

Contemporary Famine Analysis

Author: Olivier Rubin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331927306X
Size: 72.85 MB
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This Brief provides some answers as to why famines continue to torment humankind here in the 21st century despite all our progress in food production, logistics, information dissemination and relief work. Contemporary famines are inherently political, and so the interesting question is not how famines can be prevented, but why they are allowed to develop in the first place; only by understanding the latter, is there hope to eradicate major famines. The Brief assesses the various analytical approaches to the understanding of famine, from the classical approaches inspired by Thomas Malthus to the newer economic approaches based on Amartya Sen. While all approaches contribute with important insights on famine dynamics, they also struggle to capture the political dimension of contemporary famines. The Brief develops a political approach capable of addressing this important but messy political dimension of contemporary famines. The approach builds on principles of humanitarian accountability (the moral responsibility to alleviate suffering from famine) as well as political accountability (the interests and power relations involved in famine outcomes).

Mainstream Polygamy

Author: Dominique Legros
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461483077
Size: 10.53 MB
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This volume explores the forms of knowledge generated by exoticizing the subject studied. It analyzes monogamy in Western cultures from a cultural distance. First, from the cultural perspective of a Kenyan writer who underlines the moral evils unwittingly generated by a system imposing universal monogamy and generating annual cohorts of illegitimate children. Then, the essay considers the case of France, which, starting in the 1970’s, changed its laws regarding children born out of wedlock. Such children have now become legitimate. Unwittingly, this has allowed for polygyny or polyandry to become legal options for French males and females. The analysis is further extended to Western Europe, two Latin American nations and to the contemporary U.S.A. with its polyamory movement, where legal outcomes similar to those of France have occurred. The volume examines monogamy by using the epistemological approach that is typically used in the anthropological study of cultures other than one’s own, showing how exotic and strange the system of monogamy can look, when observed from afar, from the eyes of many non-Westerners. It gives insight into planes of the human Western experience that would normally remain invisible. Students and teachers will delight in the close-to-home debates stimulated by this evocative thought-provoking essay.

Author: Γιάννης Πρετεντέρης
Publisher: Patakis
ISBN: 9601647538
Size: 74.91 MB
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Πριν από τρία χρόνια η Ελλάδα έπεσε στα χέρια των τυχαίων. Κι αμέσως μετά βρέθηκε στο στόχαστρο των τυχάρπαστων.Ήταν η λογική ακολουθία μιας καταστροφής που είχε τα χαρακτηριστικά κοινωνικής τραγωδίας.Και η οποία εξελίχθηκε σε μια σύγκρουση που πήρε τη μορφή εμφυλίου «χαμηλής έντασης» (για να θυμηθώ την Ιταλία του ’70)…Ένας Ψυχρός Εμφύλιος, χωρίς πολεμικές συγκρούσεις και ένοπλες αναμετρήσεις, αλλά με το πάθος, τον φανατισμό και τον διχασμό μιας τυπικής εγχώριας αναμέτρησης.Πώς καταντήσαμε, όμως, εδώ που καταντήσαμε; Πώς εκτροχιάστηκε με τόση ευκολία μια ολόκληρη χώρα; Πώς βυθίστηκε τόσο αναπάντεχα κι απροσδόκητα στην αποσταθεροποίηση;Αυτό θα επιχειρήσω να αφηγηθώ και να εξηγήσω στις σελίδες αυτού του βιβλίου.Να μιλήσω για ανθρώπους και γεγονότα που είχα την τύχη να παρακολουθήσω προσωπικά από την προνομιακή θέση του επαγγελματία που τα καταγράφει σε καθημερινή βάση, που τα ζει από την πρώτη γραμμή της επικαιρότητας – και όχι μόνο από το προσκήνιο.Η αφήγησή μου ξεκινάει περίπου από το 2009 και ολοκληρώνεται με τη διπλή εκλογική αναμέτρηση του Μαΐου και του Ιουνίου 2012.Τα πιο πίσω είναι αρμοδιότητα των ιστορικών. Τα μετά θα τα βρουν οι καφετζούδες.Σε αντίθεση με μια φιλάρεσκη αντίληψη περί δημοσιογραφίας, δεν πιστεύω ότι ο δημοσιογράφος γράφει την αλήθεια. Ο δημοσιογράφος γράφει απλώς αυτά που ξέρει.Στις σελίδες που ακολουθούν, λοιπόν, κατέγραψα όσα ξέρω. Χωρίς, ούτε κατά διάνοια, να προεξοφλώ ότι τα ξέρω όλα. Ούτως ή άλλως, εδώ που φτάσαμε κανείς δεν μπορεί να πει κάτι περισσότερο. Ούτε να κάνει κάτι λιγότερο». Ι. Κ. Πρετεντέρης

Kris S Lexiloglo

Author: Gianēs Varouphakēs
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789606691874
Size: 45.86 MB
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Author: Mark Mazower
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789602502419
Size: 21.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Author: Μαρία Χριστίνα Χατζηιωάννου
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789600116113
Size: 65.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789601423432
Size: 56.69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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